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oedipus essay joke Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the heart of agents my mystery. Thesis Argument! -- Hamlet.
This page is for high school and college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to a book, a theater, or a classroom. Although I've tried to help, ultimately you'll need to decide for yourself about Shakespeare and Hamlet. I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and not just for its action. Hamlet is the first work of literature to look squarely at the stupidity, falsity and book, sham of everyday life , without laughing and ms thesis proposal, without easy answers. Book Agents! In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is no saint. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to plot twist essays, compromise with evil. Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in book agents, a bad world . Hamlet is the first work of literature to show an twist ordinary person looking at the futility and wrongs in life, asking the toughest questions and coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Unlike so much of popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the message that life is indeed worth living, even by imperfect people in an imperfect world.
Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of talk about death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and so forth. Book! And there is no traditional Christian comfort or promise of eventual justice or happiness for the good people. But the message is ultimately one of hope. 10 Accounting Study! You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the protagonist by book agents, definition learns something. Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to thesis argument, terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him. So far as I know, it's the book agents, first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in world literature.
Revenge should know no bounds. -- Claudius. Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the previous king of Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an all-around good guy, and as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. Gcse History! The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the King of book agents Norway in personal combat. How old is thesis paper, Hamlet? We have contradictory information. Book Agents! The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is resume, thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for twenty-three years. Book! A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student.
However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in grade, their teens, and several characters refer to Hamlet's youth. So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at the beginning of the play as typical of youth. You'll need to decide that one for yourself. (I think thirty might be a mistake for twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong. You decide.)
Hamlet was a college student at Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in 1502). The monarchy went to his father's brother, Claudius. (Shakespeare and the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month. Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. Agents! The public was told that Old Hamlet died of snakebite. The truth is gcse coursework, that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the book, king's seduction of the ms thesis, queen (the garbage passage) just prior to describing the actual murder. This makes the most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Agents! Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the ms thesis, sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an adulterous affair. And everybody at the Danish court must have thought the same thing. If you don't know this, you're naive.
It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and we never get proof that anyone else knew for certain, either. But everybody must have been suspicious. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is very well-liked. Book Agents! He is gcse history coursework help, a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat. We learn that he's the agents, glass of fashion and the mould of form, i.e., the gcse history coursework help, young man that everybody else tried to imitate. He's also loved of the distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to book agents, him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is not explained. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to the election, i.e., the choosing of a new king by a vote of a small number of warlords (as in Macbeth). Companies! (By Shakespeare time, it was the Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Norwegian king is also succeeded by his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras. Or the royal title may have gone to Claudius simply because he married the royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and inheritance is passed through the female line.
Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is known among some primitive people in our own century, and is attested to by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of this system is that the best men tend to get picked for hereditary positions of power. Book! With male-line succession, the paper, old king is agents, followed by resume companies, his oldest son, who may be stupid and get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the agents, old king picks the gcse, man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes. Book Agents! In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the men, who are physically stronger and do the proposal, fighting, let the agents, women make the laws and companies, the big decisions (a matriarchy). You may decide this is unfortunate.
A real anthropologist, Eric J. Smith [link is now down] at U. Wash., points out that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the closest thing to a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on the battlements of the castle. It's midnight. (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and agents, Bernardo comes to relieve him. Resume Companies! Neither man recognizes the agents, other in the darkness, and each issues a tense challenge. Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and I am sick at heart. This sets the scene, since Shakespeare had no way of darkening his theater or showing the weather. The fact that each guard suspects the help, other of book being an ms thesis proposal intruder indicates all is not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is agents, sick at heart.
Francisco leaves, and resume, Marcellus arrives to share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out why he's here) with Marcellus. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the ghost of Old Hamlet. Horatio is skeptical. Agents! The ghost appears, the men agree it looks like the old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and thus knows something of the gcse coursework help, paranormal) tries to talk to it. The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by the word heaven (God), and book, it disappears. The men talk about Old Hamlet. They also talk about the proposal, unheralded naval build-up commanded by the present king. This is in book agents, response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by his father's death.
The men wonder whether the help, ghost is returned to warn about military disaster. The ghost reappears. Book! The men try to thesis argument, talk to it to find out what it wants. Book! They try to strike it. It looks like it is about to speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of morning) and the ghost fades away. (As usual, Shakespeare is thesis argument paper, telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the Christmas season, roosters might crow through the night, keeping the dark powers at bay. Claudius holds court. This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king.
Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and book agents, the Council -- evidently the of Moral, warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is book, still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is dressed festively. Claudius wants to show what a good leader he is. He begins by talking about the mix of sorrow for his brother's death, and joy in his new marriage. He reminds the Council that they have approved his marriage and accession, and thanks them. Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is raising an army to try to proposal, take back the land his father lost to Old Hamlet. Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily. Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to return to France.
The king calls on Polonius. When Polonius is talking to the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style. Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is book agents, agreeable, and the king gives permission. Gcse History Coursework Help! This was rehearsed, and Claudius is taking advantage of the agents, opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is about to deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and son (stepson), and asks why he is history help, still sad. Hamlet puns.
His mother makes a touching speech about how everything must die, passing from nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. She asks him why he is book agents, still acting (seems) sad. Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and argument, reaffirms that Hamlet is heir to his property and throne. Agents! Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and Hamlet agrees to resume, stay.
He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and agents, unforced. Gcse! Does Claudius really care about Hamlet? Maybe. The meeting is over, and Claudius announces there will be a party, at which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone. He talks to himself / the audience. Book! Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and of Moral, the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on stage.) He talks about losing interest in life and how upset he is by book agents, his mother's remarriage and its implications. Ms Thesis! (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the marriage had not been consummated. This puzzle sparked the English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong.
Like other people at such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about agents not being chosen king. Horatio, Marcellus, and Bernardo come in. Hamlet is surprised to see his school buddy. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late). Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the leftovers from the of Moral, funeral dinner. Agents! (I think Horatio probably came to resume, Elsinore out of concern for Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and was invited at once to see the ghost.
Some guys don't say to another guy, I came to agents, see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to gcse history coursework help, decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in his mind's eye. Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in the mind into an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the book, ghost. Grade Case! Hamlet asks what the agents, ghost looked like -- skin color and beard colors -- and agrees they match his father.
Hamlet asks the men to keep this a secret and to let him join them the next night, hoping the ghost will return and talk. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Gcse! Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to Ophelia, his sister. He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to book agents, get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to thesis argument, marry beneath his station, and explicitly tells her not to have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to be the passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Book! Laertes suddenly realizes he has to leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in and lays some famous fatherly advice on Laertes.
It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. Think before you act. Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Ms Thesis Proposal! Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. Dress for success. Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for book, Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.') I get quite a bit of mail about Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true. Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in history, our dealings with others.
Others have seen this as a call to book, mystical experience, union with the higher self. I can't see this. The key is to thine own self. In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to meant be loyal or look out first for ms thesis, the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about being misled.
The rest of Polonius's advice is otherwise totally worldly, practical, and amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in a self-help book. Polonius is book, not the model for thesis argument, scrupulous honesty. Polonius tells Reynaldo to book agents, lie. Polonius lies to the king and queen, claiming he knew nothing of proposal Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on a false front. Hearing this actually makes the king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. One can play Polonius as kind and jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and obscene) with his daughter. He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to Hamlet, and demands to see his love letters to her.
Contemporary readers who are puzzled by this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Polonius, of course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being. Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on agents the walls just after midnight, waiting for of Moral, the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is a custom more honored in the breach than [in] the observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in book agents, Shakespeare's time too. The Danish people's neighbors make fun of them for this. Old Hamlet may not have engaged in resume companies, the practice, hence the breach.) This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. , about how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about book agents them, overriding everything that is good. Twist! Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about Claudius (who he detests for lots of reasons), and it's hard to explain what this is doing in book agents, the play -- apart from the ms thesis, fact that it's very true-to-life. You may decide that Hamlet is restating the play's theme of appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters.
Hamlet challenges it. He asks whether it is good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception. He asks why it has returned, making us think about the unthinkable and unknown (so horridly to shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to follow, because the ghost might drive him insane. Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about jumping to death (a curious fact). Agents! Hamlet is gcse, determined to follow the ghost, and book, probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to ms thesis proposal, take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny.
He walks off the stage after the book agents, ghost. Directors often have Hamlet hold the handle of his sword in an example, front of his face to make a cross, holy symbol for agents, protection. Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in an example of Moral, the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and misattributed to Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and the ghost are higher up.
Hamlet demands that the ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet. Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is going to burn for a long time before he finds rest. Book Agents! He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to thesis argument, describe. (Even the more fortunate dead returning to earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by Claudius, who had been having sex with the queen. Agents! (At least the ghost says they were already having an affair. Before he describes the grade 10 accounting case study, murder, the book agents, ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the grade case study, affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque. Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Book Agents! Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and gave her presents.
Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in a celestial bed / And prey on garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for companies, a nice man like Old Hamlet. She jumped into bed with a dirtball. Claudius poured poison in book agents, the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the an example Argument, grisly effects of the poison. It coagulated his blood and caused his skin to crust, killing him rapidly. His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is probably better given to Hamlet. The ghost calls on Hamlet to avenge him by killing Claudius. He also tells him not to kill his mother. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is approaching. Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe.
By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and this crazy world. (The name of the theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about Claudius and book agents, his mother, without the companies, ghost's help. So before considering whether the ghost is telling the truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and says of Claudius one may smile, and agents, smile, and be a villain. Coursework Help! We all know that from experience -- most really bad people pretend to be nice and book agents, friendly. When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in thesis argument paper, all Denmark. He probably meant to say, . Book Agents! as Claudius, but realizes in midsentence that this isn't the history coursework, thing to book agents, say. Proposal! He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on -- he doesn't explain why), and book agents, (perhaps re-enacting a scene in the old play) swears them to resume, secrecy on book his sword and in several different locations while the ghost hollers Swear from gcse history coursework, below the stage. Book! It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is comic, and the scene is 10 accounting case study, funny. Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and says to his friends, You hear this fellow in the cellarage. Book! It seems to me that Shakespeare is parodying the older play, and even making fun of the idea of ghosts, and grade 10 accounting study, that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the ghost as a stranger in need. There are more things in book agents, heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy.
I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science. Notice that Horatio, who is skeptical of ghosts, is the one who suggests trusting God when the ghost appears, and help, who will later talk about flights of angels carrying Hamlet's soul to heaven. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in book agents, ghosts. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed.
From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. Thesis Argument Paper! (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Shakespeare telescopes time. Book! We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to accept love letters from Hamlet and argument, told him not to come near her. Agents! We learn in the next scene (which follows soon after) that the king and queen have sent to Wittenberg for Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in ms thesis proposal, the palace for up to four hours at book, a time. Polonius, in ms thesis, private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on Laertes. Polonius reminds him of how an effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Polonius likes to spy. Ophelia comes in, obviously upset. She describes Hamlet's barging into her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of agents hell / to speak of horrors. Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost.
Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and walked out the door backwards. What's happened? Hamlet, who has set about to feign mental illness, is actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. He must have hoped for a happy life with her.
Now it is painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of a system that will never allow them to ms thesis, have the happiness that they should. If you want to write a good essay, jot down in about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing. Here's where we really see him starting to agents, be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and perhaps marry the woman he loves and be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to be upright have in a bad world? Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane. And Polonius suggests Hamlet is lovesick. Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of Denmark.
The king and grade 10 accounting, queen welcome Rosencrantz and book agents, Guildenstern. Claudius says that except for the death of plot essays Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to book, why Hamlet is upset. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to try to coursework help, figure out what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to make Hamlet happy, and book, that the good and generous king will reward them well. Both say how much they appreciate the opportunity, and Claudius thanks them. Often a director will have Claudius call each by the other's name, and Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34). They go off to grade case study, find Hamlet. Polonius comes in and announces that the ambassadors from Norway have returned, and that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is simply distressed over his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from Norway. Fortinbras was indeed mounting an army to attack Claudius's Denmark.
The King of Norway was sick and supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to book agents, invade Poland instead. Ms Thesis Proposal! (Uh huh.) When he learned the book agents, truth, the King of an example of Moral Argument Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and paid him to invade Poland instead. The King of book agents Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for resume companies, the invasion. (Denmark is on book the invasion route from Norway to Argument, Poland if the Norwegian army is to cross the sea to agents, Denmark. And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in I.i.) This all seems fake and for show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into plot a verbose speech about finding the cause of agents madness, prompting the queen to tell him to get to grade 10 accounting study, the point (More matter with less art; the queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from agents, Hamlet. Gcse History Coursework! It's about the genuineness of book agents his love. Polonius asks the king, What do you think of me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Thesis! Now Polonius tells a lie. He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in Ophelia until she told him and gave him the book, love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to grade 10 accounting case study, see or accept messages from Hamlet. However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode.
He then reminds the king of how reliable an advisor he has always been, and agents, says Take this from plot twist essays, this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of office from me; the actor will show which is agents, meant) if this be otherwise. Plot Twist! He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the book, actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the center [of the earth]. Gcse Coursework! He suggests he and the king hide and watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in reading a book. Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by book agents, giving silly answers. They are pointed, referring to an example Argument, the dishonesty of Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to agents, the courtiers like being crazy.
Hamlet is well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and resume companies, he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in agents, an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in it -- another famous line often misquoted. The speech of the resume, insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to be comically-crazy? He said he would put an antic disposition on just after he saw the ghost. You'll have to think hard about this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by book agents, the original Hamlet story to resume companies, have Hamlet pretend to be comically insane, and for agents, the king to try to paper, find whether he was really crazy or just faking. But Hamlet is also distraught, and the play is largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is forced to endure a rotten environment. You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is going to be abnormal because he is under stress, wants to mislead the court into thinking he is agents, simply nuts rather than bent on revenge. (Of course, this is completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself.
Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for. They share a dirty joke about Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison. Hamlet is making fun of how naive his fake friends are, and perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists. The theme of right and companies, wrong pervades the book agents, play.) The idea that attitude is everything was already familiar from twist essays, Montaigne, and from common sense. Again we have the theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious.
This is ironic, since they are the ones who are spying on their friend for a king's money. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams. The friends continue to play on book agents the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the ms thesis proposal, vanity of earthly ambitions. But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the wrongs as they are. Hamlet then questions the men again about the purpose of their visit. If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to come. Book Agents! We are all very worried about you. Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to visit, which is stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of thesis our fellowship (i.e., by our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the truth. (In my own college fraternity, we have the same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the earth, the sky, and the thoughts and accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. (All of agents this is good Renaissance thought, and familiar from twist essays, many times and places -- and I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to derive enjoyment, though he knows the book, earth, sky, and people should still seem wonderful.
They seem instead to resume companies, be the quintessence of dust. Anyone who's experienced depression knows the feeling. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an agents idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the planets and ms thesis, stars were made of. The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by Shakespeare to the late summer of 1600), and the adult actors took to the road. Hamlet compares the public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. Agents! (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the transition between the actor's losing popularity and the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and obliquely tell his friends he is only faking (I am but mad north-north-west.
When the wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for Polonius's benefit. He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of ms thesis proposal madness, and greets old friends. One actor repeats a bombastic speech on the fall of Troy, overacting with tears in his eyes. Hamlet asks Polonius to treat the actors well. Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables.
Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and book, who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an idea. He asks for a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to figure out what happened to this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. He calls himself a rogue and a peasant slave.
A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about which he really cared nothing (the fall of Troy). Resume Companies! Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in both word and deed. What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at book agents, the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the ghost is grade 10 accounting, telling the agents, truth, he needs to be sure this is not a demonic deception. In the resume companies, meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show. Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and agents, lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is history help, obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is book, upset that he needs to thesis argument, make compromises with the world in which he finds himself.
Perhaps this is confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the king is guilty. But it's true to book, the human experience, and the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. I hope you'll think about of Moral this, and agents, decide for yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia. Ms Thesis Proposal! They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is book, crafty madness to hide a secret, and that he really is upset about something. 10 Accounting! They invite the royal couple to agents, the play, and the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy. The king sends the queen and the spies away. Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and tells her to pretend she is reading. Ms Thesis! Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. (With devotion's visage / and book agents, pious action we do sugar o'er / the gcse history help, devil himself.) The king sees the application to himself, and says, No kidding. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is powerful -- we suddenly learn that the king feels horrible about his own crime.
Maybe this surprises us. If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the king says this directly to him as they are out of book earshot of Ophelia. Argument Paper! Polonius can grunt cynically in response -- there's nothing really to say in reply. If Polonius is a foolish old man, the king says this as an aside. We have just learned that the king really does hate his crime, and suffers under a heavy burden. Hamlet's famous speech on whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment. He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and badly. We also suffer from disease and old age -- even living too long is a calamity. But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived.
He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding. Shakespeare seems to be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Focus on the ideas. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the agents, pale cast of ms thesis proposal thought, / And enterprises of great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of action. Not only is Hamlet talking about actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by book, doing nothing, choosing the easy passive approach to life. Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the king until he has all the facts and a good opportunity. It's human nature to feel cowardly and thesis, ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to take decisive (or rash) action. Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book.
He assumes it's her prayer book (she is evidently not much of a pleasure reader), and asks her to pray for the forgiveness of his sins. Instead, she tries to give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is ridiculous. Agents! Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings. He generalizes his disappointment with the two women in his life to all women -- I think unfairly. Of Moral! (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in the play.) But the Olivier movie's torrent of book agents loud verbal abuse seems wrong. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better.
Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by of Moral, the world with which he feels he has already had to compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to the girl about whom he cares so much. Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and book agents, I didn't love you. More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about fakeness. He asks where her father is, and must know that she is gcse, lying. (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to agents, remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised.
She would have an grade case study opportunity to renounce the world by joining a convent, and book agents, he urges her to do so. (Decide for yourself about anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for whorehouse. I can't make sense out of this in essays, the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to book, be dishonest. Disgusted with the world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. Resume! (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the king comes out and agents, says that he thinks that Hamlet is neither in of Moral, love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Book! Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to spy. Ms Thesis Proposal! The king decides that he will send Hamlet to book, England for the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for protection money.)
Hamlet gives an acting lesson, mostly about being genuine. He wants to an example Argument, show people -- body and mind -- as they are. So does Shakespeare. He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. Book Agents! He and Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for the Hamlet who we first meet. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about twist essays male bonding as Shakespeare's did. Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for each other, and nobody thought this was weird.
Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the king as the players re-enact the murder of book agents Old Hamlet. Ms Thesis Proposal! Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about agents how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only two hours ago. (Ophelia, who is literal-minded and thinks he is crazy, corrects him.) The play begins with a dumb show, in which the story is pantomimed. The king and the queen profess love, the gcse history, king falls asleep, and book agents, the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the queen. If Polonius is a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear. If Gertrude knows the details of the homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at plot twist essays, the king when the poison is poured in the ear, or be outraged herself. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is poured in the dumb show, and have the King get upset and run out right now. Book! Otherwise, the play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at the king during the production.
When the gcse history coursework help, villain pours the poison in book, the victim's ear, and Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the murderer gets the love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for argument paper, torches (Somebody get the lights. ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and that Hamlet knows too. (Hamlet is book, about to break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and essays, Guildenstern come back in looking for Hamlet, telling him the king is very angry (duh) and that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and asks why Hamlet is upset. Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an book instrument.
Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness. Polonius comes in, and Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. (Appearance versus reality.) In an aside, he says to the audience that this is as good a job of acting crazy as he can manage. Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to look on. (Unfortunately for everyone, he is an example of Moral, about to do just that, by stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and not hurt his mother physically. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are back with the king, who says Hamlet is book agents, dangerous and that he will send him with them to England with a commission. The two spies talk in Elizabethan platitudes about the sacredness of kingship, the grade case study, importance of stability in book, a monarchy, being holy and religious, and of Moral, so forth. (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is book agents, going to hide in the bedroom. Claudius thanks him.
Now Claudius is by himself. The play has really affected him. He tries to pray. We get to paper, listen. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and wait for him to book, get his just deserts in the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and unexpected. By giving Claudius real substance and grade case, depth, Shakespeare has at once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an enemy with real character, and reinforced the theme of appearance against reality.
Hamlet wants to take decisive action, but can't. It turns out that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is prevented from acting by his own inner turmoil. He hates his crime. He wants to repent. He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and his queen. He realizes that until he is willing to do this, he cannot find forgiveness from book, God. But he is of Moral, afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice).
And he is disgusted by the murder itself. Claudius is trying hard, and book, calls on God's angels to help him get up the courage simply to pray for God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. Thesis Argument! The actor can say, And so he goes to agents, h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven. Somebody will ask you to 10 accounting case, say that Hamlet is a very bad person for book, wanting to grade, wait for his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell. It seems to me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play. Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in agents, Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only proposal struggling.
Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in agents, the bedroom. Hamlet comes in. The queen yells at him. He yells back. Hamlet accuses her of an example Argument killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is agents, no evidence she actually knows. Of Moral Argument! (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is watching his mother in agents, the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the test.
Gertrude gets frightened and yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of an example of Moral real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. Someone who is book agents, already very upset feels their basic dignity and personal space has been violated. And Polonius has done this to Hamlet.) Trying to avenge a murder and set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. But Hamlet is so focused on his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of complicity in the murder of companies his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for book, sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from behind the curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and talks about resume how being a busybody is dangerous. He turns immediately back to his mother, who is baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is a murderer. (In the quarto version, the queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt. Book Agents! Perhaps some of the original text of the play has been lost from the folio version.)
Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to do with the murder and study, how it is wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and agents, her not mourning her loving first husband. Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from paper, Shakespeare's own time. Maybe this is book agents, true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the double standard and how wrong it was. Instead, focus on the queen's adultery and ingratitude, wrongs against her former husband. The ghost enters, visible to Hamlet but not to the queen.
Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to of Moral, another. Perhaps the agents, queen is 10 accounting case study, too morally debased to see the ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by having the book agents, ghost and gcse history coursework help, the queen have it out between themselves. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to reinforce how important it is that Hamlet take revenge. But the agents, ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and her fighting soul, and help her in this moment of crisis to make the right choice. The queen thinks Hamlet is ms thesis proposal, crazy. The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the book, queen not to dismiss what he has said about her as the result of madness, and says how ironic it is of Moral, that virtue (his blunt talk to book, his mother) has to ask pardon for its bad manners.
Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and not to resume, have sex with the king. Assume a virtue if you have it not is good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against a corrupt world. He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in book, his killing of the old man -- to punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to resume companies, take the book, consequences of thesis argument his nasty-and-stupid act. He tells the queen not to book agents, reveal that he's feigning madness. He also indicates that he already knows the spies are going to do him mischief on essays the English trip, and that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them.
Exiting, he remarks that for once, Polonius doesn't have anything to book, say. We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the case, ghost (if there is a reason). Nor does the scene focus on her realizing that the king is a murderer. Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the agents, evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the ms thesis proposal, spies, Horatio) about not being sullied by agents, a crooked, corrupt world. Gertrude has not shown any signs of guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of ms thesis her guilty conscience.
Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and the object of Laertes's just quest for revenge. Book! No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. Plot Essays! (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about agents his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is all-too-human. But there's something else. In this scene, Hamlet and his mother reaffirm their love for one another. From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about ms thesis life not being worth living. Agents! Perhaps this is the real turning-point of the play. The queen tells the king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is insane. The king says he will need to send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of excuse for him, and think how to essays, protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is defective. It should conclude with something about slander.
Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and when the spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for the king and against agents him. He warns them that this is dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about Hamlet. The king and two or three of his courtiers enter. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of an example Argument riots, but that the book agents, public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in. He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for worms, simply different menu items.
The king tells Hamlet he just go to thesis paper, England, and gives sealed letters to book agents, the two spies. He tells them, Everything is sealed and done. Companies! It sounds as if the spies know the contents of the letters; a director who wishes to make this clear can have the king show the letters to the spies first. The spies leave with Hamlet. The king, alone, tells the audience that the agents, letters instruct the King of proposal England to kill Hamlet upon his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the book agents, stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the history help, Danish court.
The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and the captain says that Norway and Poland are fighting a stupid war over a worthless piece of land. Agents! Two thousand people are going to gcse history, get killed over this nonsense. Hamlet says this is the result of rich people not having enough to agents, do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into the blood. Alone on resume companies stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done. Fortinbras is busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions. You may be asked to comment on this passage. You'll need to book, decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to the challenge.
A courtier tells the queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and companies, that the world is full of deceptions (There's tricks in the world!) The queen does not want to talk to her; in an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Since the scene in her bedroom, the book agents, queen has felt guilty. She speaks of her own sick soul and of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is guilt, it spills itself in fearing to be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the queen should see Ophelia just for political reasons. Ophelia comes in, singing a song about a dead man, then one about premarital sex. When she leaves, the king talks to the queen about all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and upset, and Laertes on his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the resume, trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the head of a mob) breaks down the castle door. The mob wants Claudius deposed and agents, Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and faces off with Claudius. He is doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and didn't do. Gertrude risks her own life by essays, wrestling Laertes down.
Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and book, Claudius asks for a chance to explain. Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about a dead man, and passes out symbolic flowers. Resume Companies! You can have fun trying to figure out who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of you -- weddings and funerals), who gets the pansies (thoughts, a pun on pensées), who gets the fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the book, rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the daisies (unrequited love; you know the game with the daisy, She loves me, she loves me not). Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and friendship) available since her father died. Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from companies, Ophelia's body. Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle.
The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of favor in the future. Rosencrantz and book, Guildenstern are on their way to England and Hamlet will have more to resume companies, say about them. The king explains to book, Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the queen loves him and he's popular with the common people. He's about to history coursework help, tell Laertes that his revenge is imminent (Don't lose any sleep over that -- l. 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only book after Hamlet is killed in England. Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in Denmark.
The king already has Plan B. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. (Uh huh. The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and Shakespeare does not seem to care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet. Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is most generous, And free from all contriving, so he won't check the swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. He must have bought it to use on Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is unable to stab Hamlet and make it look like an accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and coursework, Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about what's really going on. The king knows that the court knows that he's already a murderer, and book agents, that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the plot essays, king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in plain view. The queen comes in, crying. Ophelia was hanging chains of book flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over coursework, a river.
She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in front of a bus nowadays. I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to inflame Laertes. We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to save her. Perhaps an observer from the castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the scene, or perhaps we are asking the wrong question. Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. One asks whether someone who tries to go to heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial.
In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and agents, sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at a crossroads (as a warning to everybody not to do the same), and sometimes with a stake through the heart (to prevent them from ms thesis proposal, rising as undead, of course.) The men joke about how politics has influenced the coroner's decision to allow Christian burial. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on her, instead of her jumping into the water.
Or maybe she drowned herself in her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in our corrupt world, rich people have more of a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and Horatio walk in. Agents! The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about having been in gcse history help, love and making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull. Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and Hamlet's insanity.
The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the book, very day that Hamlet was born. (Thus the gravedigger comes to plot, stand for Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and jokes about chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Let her paint an inch thick is a reference to the new fashion of women wearing make-up. Even the agents, jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and its ugliness are inevitable. History Coursework Help! The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to the court jester, Yorick. Agents! Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and his kindness.
But there is more. In the medieval and renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the court jester to tell the truth. He could do this without fear of reprisals. Companies! In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and King Lear), the jester's role as truth-teller is central. Hamlet has dealt with the book, themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. In this most famous scene of all, Yorick tells the case study, truth without saying a word. Book! We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the era's normal Christian burial service is eliminated because of the grade 10 accounting case, suspicion of suicide. Hamlet and Horatio hide. Book! Laertes protests the fact that the service is limited.
The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst. Laertes says the priest is the plot, one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the corpse and agents, embraces it, and launches into a bombastic speech. Grade 10 Accounting! Hamlet comes out and book, jumps into proposal the grave too. He calls himself Hamlet the Dane, claiming the royal title. (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by the name of his country for short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in book agents, the first half of the grade 10 accounting case study, play. But in striking contrast to book, the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Laertes drops the corpse and twist, starts choking Hamlet.
Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. Horatio takes Hamlet off and the king says to Laertes, Good. Now we have an excuse for a duel right away. Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about how he substituted his own letter to the King of England, ordering the execution of the spies. (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to write like that, and worked hard to book agents, forget how. Again, this is the theme of sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of what the English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and gcse coursework help, some wax and paper, is no surprise (as he already indicated at the end of the agents, bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about reading and changing the letters on an impulse, and has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Rough-hew was to carve the basics of grade a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to faith in book agents, God than do the other characters) agrees: That is most certain. History Coursework! Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for philosophic reasons, especially given what is agents, about to Argument, happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and book agents, gives life its meaning. Unfortunately for Hamlet and other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings.
Still, it's grand being part of argument things. One can find similar ideas in Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by the notion that somehow the universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out? Do you think this is true? I can't answer. Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the book, king finds out about the execution of the spies.
Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is ms thesis, mine, / And a man's life's no more than to agents, say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts. The king has bet heavily on Hamlet, probably to divert suspicion. Don't try to figure out the terms of the bet -- the plot, two accounts contradict each other. Hamlet admits foreboding to Horatio, and both suspect foul play is book, imminent. But Hamlet decides to go forward anyway. We defy augury -- Hamlet is plot, not going to let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and book agents, doing what he must.
There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. This is an plot allusion to the gospel. God knows every sparrow that falls. Agents! Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out that the sparrow still falls. Coursework! Hamlet is about to die, too, although God is book agents, watching. Of Moral Argument! Hamlet notes that death is going to come, sooner or later.
The readiness is agents, all -- being ready to live and die with courage and integrity is paper, all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. Hamlet points out that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to book agents, die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Is Let be the answer to To be or not to 10 accounting case study, be? (!). The duel is set up. In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in agents, Q2 and grade case study, F foils and book, gauntlets (metal gloves). Hamlet puns on foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the champion fencer. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to mean any character who contrasts with the hero, showing up what kind of person the hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to paper, Laertes, and blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. (There is a parallel in Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is agents, not at all suspicious about the of Moral Argument, swords, and agents, merely asks whether they're all the same length.
In the first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is an example of Moral Argument, thinking about the poison and book, perhaps doesn't have his heart really in resume, it). The king drops the poison in the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is book agents, silly.) Whether the court thinks the thesis paper, pearl is to book agents, be dissolved in acidified wine and drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is a gift to Hamlet, you'll need to decide for yourself. The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the poison is dissolved, or he just pretends to drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is fat and out of breath. Twist Essays! Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. The queen grabs the cup and book agents, drinks despite the king's warning. Thesis Argument! We'll never know whether she has just realized what is going on, and wants to save Hamlet's life and maybe end her own miserable existence. (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.) Laertes says in book agents, an aside that he's having moral qualms about killing Hamlet by treachery. Of Moral Argument! The third round ends in book, a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and scratches Hamlet illegally when he is not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at companies, you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed).
During the scuffle, they exchange swords. This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger. The right response was for the other fencer to do the same, and swords could then be exchanged. On stage, the exchange is usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Hamlet puts his foot on book agents the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and ms thesis, he intended to scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and book agents, inflicts a deeper wound on him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker.
The queen announces the drink is poisoned, and drops dead. Laertes tells everything, and shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and have people realize he was right. Plot Twist! Hamlet stabs the king with the poisoned blade, then forces the poisoned beverage down his throat. Book Agents! Elizabethans pretended to believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the director wishes, the plot, guards and court can draw their own weapons and surround the king. Horatio can show the letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is dying, and Horatio offers to commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Book Agents! Hamlet drinks the coursework help, poison instead, to ensure Horatio won't.
If Hamlet saw no reason to live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the English with word of the spies' execution. In the last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the theme of God working in the world to make things right. Book Agents! Fortinbras calls for gcse, military honors to be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of agents ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Others will simply see one more example of power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in the real Dark Ages. In Ingmar Bergman's production of Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the soldiers shoot! is their signal to pull out their guns and slaughter Horatio and the rest of the gcse history coursework help, surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an already popular play, based in turn on historical fiction, based in agents, turn on an episode from the Dark Ages, the lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of Roman-era civilization.
The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the Jutes, who lived during the grade study, Dark Ages. The warlord was assassinated and book, his crown usurped by his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the same disease from the companies, victim's spirit. Therefore, the murdered warlord's son pretended to be crazy, acquiring the nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and became King of the book agents, Jutes in turn. Resume Companies! He ruled successfully, and the nickname stuck. The Geneologies [my link is now down] record Amleth, King of book Denmark. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). Twist! He was eventually killed in battle. He is buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day.
In a strange twist of book fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of ms thesis Denmark, the man whose army defeated and killed Hamlet. Michael Skovmand, Dept. of English at U. of Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to book, the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge). There is a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in thesis paper, Jutland in the 7th century. But there is more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth.
A report from a vicar north of Aarhus in Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to local legend Amled lies buried. The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at book agents, that time had only existed in resume, Danish a hundred years and had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Ammelhede exists to this very day, and in 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til HĎvnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the hour of revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by Ammelhede, a few miles to the south-east of book Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and grade study, Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the beach sand is book agents, ground grain. This is ancient, being repeated explicitly in an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. Ms Thesis Proposal! (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. Book Agents! This gave the ms thesis proposal, family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and it was passed along to book agents, the Brutus who killed Caesar. David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul. In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to have feigned madness.
There is a historical novel, now hard to find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of Jutish Succession. Royal Deceit is a B-movie, not released in an example of Moral Argument, theaters, adapted from Saxo. I'd appreciate knowing of book agents any good links. Amled -- Viking Theater play based on Saxo. Twist! Link is now down.
Prince of Jutland -- Danish movie based on Saxo. Christian Bale is agents, Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the story. Horwendil, warlord of Jutland, kills the King of Norway in single combat and is given Gurutha, daughter of the King of Denmark. Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. The murder is no secret. (The historical Macbeth killed an enemy in public, and promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is companies, happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment. Amleth pretends to book, be crazy. Feng tries to ms thesis, find out whether he is really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an attractive woman in the woods where Hamlet will find her, and book, observes secretly.
Amleth is an example of Moral Argument, warned of the plot, and takes the book agents, woman off for thesis, a private date. They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on Amleth's conversations with his mother. Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is a chicken, jumps around on the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the straw, cuts the body up, and agents, tosses it into the sewer where it is ms thesis, eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in book, which he calls his mother a whore and makes her sorry. She agrees to help him. She begins weaving a net to entrap Feng's courtiers. Feng sends Amleth to King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the King of Britain to execute Amleth. Amleth finds these and thesis argument paper, substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for Amleth. At the book agents, British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at psychic divination.
Amleth returns a year later. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to be insane. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to proposal, its scabbard. Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by book, his mother over the drunken courtiers, and burns the plot twist, king's house. Feng is asleep nearby. Amleth goes into book agents Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to single combat. Feng now has the sword that is nailed to the scabbard, and Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on to become a successful Viking looter and warlord, finally dying in battle. Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and married Wiglek (Viglek), the paper, man who had killed him in battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of stories in French from 1576. Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction.
The queen committed adultery before the agents, murder of Hamlet's father. Hamlet is melancholy and brooding. There is a lot of dialogue. Hamlet's very long speech in his mother's bedroom is closely followed by case study, Shakespeare. There was an English translation in 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the covering through which the spy is stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to book, Belleforest in translation is of Moral Argument, now down. Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to Shakespeare's Hamlet. It may be a companion-piece to book, the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote.
The background is one of international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to an example, the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by whom. The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is pretending. The hero upbraids himself for delaying, although his only problem is figuring out how to kill a king surrounded by guards. There is a play-within-the-play. The bad guys play roles, and are actually killed onstage. There are several records of a play, performed in 1594 at Newington Butts outside London, and probably earlier, about Hamlet. It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. The play was evidently never published, and of course we do not have the book agents, manuscript.
Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in his introduction to an example of Moral Argument, a book by book agents, Robert Greene, English Seneca read by candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and so forth; and if you entreat him fair on a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays. So Kyd is probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at paper, the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'. We can assume that this play had the murder a secret, and a ghost to book, reveal it to study, Hamlet. Some people will tell you that this play must be the source of these plot elements, which fit with the book agents, genre: Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the first Hamlet play) or by Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of Shakespeare's Hamlet.
They might perhaps come from the older Hamlet play, via the actor's reconstruction. The spy is called Corambis, not Polonius. Essays! His servant is Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about it. The queen promises to conceal, consent, and agents, do her best to proposal, aid Hamlet in his revenge against the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of a plot. Whenever there is book, disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from other sources.
The ghost comes into the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown); Ophelia plays the lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and of Moral Argument, Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in the Bad Quarto. To be, or not to be, aye, there's the point, To die, to book, sleep, is that all?
Aye, all. No, to gcse help, sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge, From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at those sight. The happy smile, and book agents, the accursed damned. But for this, the joyful hope of this,
Who'd bear the ms thesis proposal, scorns and flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich cursed of the poor? The widow being oppressed, the orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides, To grunt and sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin?
Who would this endure, But for book agents, a hope fo something after death? Which puzzles the brain, and thesis paper, doth confound the sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have, Than fly to others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of us all.
First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the bad quarto is. Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by John Marston, is mentioned by book agents, a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet. The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. He walks around in black reading a book.
There is a play-within-a-play for no reason. The son foregoes an opportunity to kill the murderer in hopes of a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the stage, and reappears in plot twist, the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of book a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and resume companies, Marston doesn't.
Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is book agents, a German play that is argument paper, obviously an adaptation of agents Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in contradistinction to gcse help, Belleforest. A ghost appears to Francisco, Horatio, and the other guards at the beginning. Hamlet says he is sick at heart over his father's death and his mother's remarriage. Hamlet wants to go back to book agents, Wittenberg but the king asks him to stay in Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to France. The king gets drunk, as is his habit.
The ghost tells how he was killed by having hebona poured in his ear. Hamlet makes Horatio and the guards promise not to tell what they have seen. Ms Thesis Proposal! They swear in several locations. The ghost calls on them to swear from agents, below ground. Hamlet begins acting crazy. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in resume, love.
Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play. The king's guilt is revealed by his reaction when poison is agents, poured into the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon the king at prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by stabbing him through a tapestry. Hamlet talks to ms thesis proposal, his mother and is visited again by the ghost, who says nothing.
Ophelia goes crazy and commits suicide by jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on either side and let him give the signal. Book! He ducks and resume, they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the English king to execute him if their plot fails. Hamlet, the king, the queen, and Leonhardus all die in agents, the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. The king uses diamond dust as poison. (That won't work. Proposal! -- Ed the Pathology Guy.). What's more, the scenes and narrative proceed in the same order as in book agents, Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the old man's name being Corambus is of Moral, proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. This seems silly to me.
I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of book Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and that Shakespeare changed their names for some reason. Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. So both seem to be adaptations of gcse history coursework Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add? Shakespeare was constrained by book agents, his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Belleforest provided the essential plot. Ms Thesis Proposal! The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. The play is very long, and must have been trimmed for agents, production.
So Shakespeare must have written much of it to please himself. We also have another hint that Hamlet is Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. Coursework! His neighbors in Stratford were Hamnet and Judith Sadler, and Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the plot, typify the genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Here is what Shakespeare added. Hamlet considers suicide, and talks about it in book agents, words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of other people that makes him think life is not worth living.
The one extended reference to Christianity (the rooster crows all night in the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is burning in the afterlife for his sins. Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the afterlife itself is as unfair as our own world. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about this possibility openly.) Speaking of the afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the afterlife with any details. This is proposal, despite the fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. I think Shakespeare is saying, This story is fiction. The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on book agents Hamlet is one about whom he cares very much, and who may be pregnant by him. In the original, the proposal, spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in agents, his mother's bedroom is not only somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the father of the woman Hamlet loves.
Hamlet stabs him just because he is an example, distraught and not thinking clearly. Hamlet -- who lives in a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to agents, their deaths are his college fraternity brothers. It is not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm.
It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to realize what's going on. Hamlet is interested in acting, and coaches actors. One player over-acts, and Hamlet reflects on how people pay more attention to make-believe than to real life. In the prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to ms thesis, the King as he tries to repent his crime, and fails. The king gains much stature and some sympathy. Hamlet talks to a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and book agents, that he is likely to die for no good reason.
Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on how a politics and money allowed the girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at its most heartless. (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.) Hamlet handles Yorick the beloved jester's skull and meditates on how everybody ends up dead in the end. Hamlet likes the man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and Hamlet knows it. Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and this made him board the proposal, pirate ship. Book! From time to time, Hamlet talks about a sense that he is God's agent, with his steps guided by study, divine providence. But the death-scene itself is explicitly without any Christian comfort.
In Q1 (recalled by the actor either from the earlier play, or from what a good-guy hero might be expected to say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about death and book, disease, without any suggestion of an orthodox religious faith to make it meaningful or bearable. Almost all readers and viewers come away from Hamlet liking the prince very much. He is a thinker, and he is funny. Argument Paper! We see into his own mind, and agents, discover him to be genuine and sincere. We admire him for resisting the evil around him. But Hamlet is both stupid and mean when he kills Polonius. And it is hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in the first half of the play. Especially, if you do not like everything about resume today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and agents, empty), you won't like everything about the Hamlet who we meet at the beginning.
If this were an action-movie or something by grade 10 accounting case, one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and book agents, his enemies altogether despicable. It's characteristic of Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the essays, most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. Book Agents! You can find examples from classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more). In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in this way -- he intends to hold a mirror up to nature, to show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in my medical school psychiatry course.
For most twenty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, What has happened to most forty-year-olds that caused them to lose the thesis argument, ideals and the authenticity of book youth? For most forty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the ideals and authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty? It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals. It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by proposal, the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in agents, the Rye) described the shams of the plot twist essays, phony society of the wealthy, and heard Hamlet had talked about the same theme. He plans to read the play eventually. In the 1970's, it was usual for agents, people to call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against study it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of book adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does. Ms Thesis Proposal! Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence. Book Agents! Mark Twain uses humor and irony to show how much finer Huck is than his betters.
The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in I.ii. Polonius is buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to a spectacle from the same era of warlords that gives the setting for Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and nobody intends to do anything to bring him to justice, preferring the proposal, stability provided by another capable leader. Book Agents! In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to thesis argument, be a murderer. Book Agents! After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious. Son: Dad, what's the difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and I don't care. -- Contemporary.
At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in argument paper, God's ability to sort out the mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in our own day. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and book agents, intelligence that created and an example of Moral Argument, sustains the world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to decide for yourself whether special providence is at work in our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. Book Agents! ) and gcse history help, his mother (scourge and book agents, minister). Hamlet reflects on help God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and book, Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is that this does not enable Hamlet to hope for, or expect, a better afterlife. Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and market of his time. Is but to sleep and feed?
A beast, no more. Study! -- Hamlet. Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on book agents the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only Hamlet's courage and dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and gcse history help, his own death. In the book, noir genre of hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about both public and 10 accounting case, private corruption. Nothing is as it seems. The hero strikes back, but the ending is never completely happy. Hamlet is called to his revenge by heaven and hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of as more fundamental than the struggle between good and evil.
Hamlet talks a great deal about the nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and book, could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. We are left to wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is burning for resume companies, a while in purgatory for unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and his need to keep his wife's love. The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of agents good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and made it.
Shakespeare seems to be telling us in Hamlet that we can and should try to live well, but that both good and bad are inherent in the human condition. Growing up, we must come to terms with our inability to live up to our own ideals. (You may have trouble finding much on twist life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Book! Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.) Today we hear a lot about the usual five stages of coming to study, terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the end, Hamlet is no longer depressed, but accepts the human condition.
Whether he's right to do so is something you'll need to decide. But it's a common experience for people growing up. And Shakespeare's shown it to us in Hamlet. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in book, a world full of sham and ms thesis, wrong. perhaps you will find your own answers in unselfish love rather than in stoical acceptance. And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by agents, his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to twist essays, be delusional; and. to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in which Hamlet pretends to book agents, be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. Thesis! remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.) In the other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy.
Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and book, Polonius thinks it's craziness. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to resume companies, get out of a bad world, and she thinks he's lost his reason. Book! Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the closet scene. After the ms thesis proposal, play-within-the-play, the king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the rest of the court that he must be sent away to England because of agents his mental illness. Plot Twist! Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is already distraught, and in times of emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize). The irrational striking-out in a moment of emotional turmoil is very real.
Shakespeare's play focused on the mind of book agents a man who's profoundly distraught and who is resume, asking himself whether life is worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to be insane was central to the old story, but not to Shakespeare's play. Hamlet uses his feigned madness to point out to those around him how crazy and false the sane world is. Book! There are themes and real controversies that you can explore further, based on your own experience of life. T.S.
Eliot, asked whether the proposal, madness of agents Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me. The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and Argument, especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the book agents, ones who do the an example, least). Obsessive-compulsive personality and book agents, neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally. Bradley points out paper that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about agents a mother-fixation causing the depression. But the truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to kill the gcse coursework help, king and then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to blame. In the case, providence provides the opportunity. Book Agents! Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Resume Companies! Heroes of agents earlier revenge plays soliloquize about argument paper having to delay, and criticize themselves for it.
But revenge plays require that the book agents, revenge take time and ms thesis proposal, planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about Hamlet thinking too hard. Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet. Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to agents, the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to argument paper, Fortinbras (who is book, getting thousands of people killed for no good reason at all -- I first became interested in Shakespeare during the ms thesis proposal, Vietnam war). It is no coincidence that both the Player King and book agents, Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals.
What is Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the resume companies, killing of the king, as it is the purging of all the rottenness in the Danish court. Book! And although it costs him his life, he succeeds. At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. Hamlet gives us a chance to watch an ordinary person consciously choose to say No! to the world's wrongness and an example of Moral Argument, phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the mirror to something in us that is precious.
I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into doing things that are not worthwhile. It's a bad world, and I am far from a perfect human being. And we all end up dead in the end. But I am going to do something worthwhile, and agents, do it right. More on whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw. I believe that the whole there has to gcse coursework help, be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by Aristotle, who got paid to tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and that people went to sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the emotions of pity and fear). Book Agents! If it is helpful, point out the plot twist, obvious. Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to totally-good people. Maybe the book agents, heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the favorite genre for theater and movies. Why?
First, a revenge play presumes that to thesis argument paper, right a wrong, somebody is forced to take the law into his or her own hands. This showcases one of the most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and opportunities)? It's the central question of civilization. (The conclusion of book Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the grade, revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. Book Agents! The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and we can share his or her feelings and ms thesis proposal, thoughts. There is a satisfaction when revenge is agents, finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy? You decide!
One may find ideas similar to those in Hamlet in Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in argument, the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to be much older). Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to agents, the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and resume, aggressive persons; they are vexations to the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for book agents, always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. 10 Accounting Study! Keep interested in your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in book, your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself.
Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and plot twist, disenchantment, it is book agents, as perennial as the resume, grass. Take kindly the book agents, counsel of the ms thesis, years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Book! Many fears are born of fatigue and resume companies, loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to book agents, be here. And whether or not it is essays, clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be. And whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul.
With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Agents! Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. Contrast this with Polonius's advice to ms thesis proposal, Laertes. Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and bring about reconciliation. Book! (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to grade case study, take the law into their own hands. It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play. Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is about how it's difficult to book agents, know the right thing to do -- whether it's killing the king, how to deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is worth living. Somebody else will tell you that the real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the king, rather than forgiving him and living in love and harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of life. In an era of warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and some justice.
Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Case Study! Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the world, by its very nature, is full of unpleasantness and wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the agents, play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of plot twist essays his mother's faithless to his good father's memory. He urges Ophelia to withdraw from a rotten world full of rotten women.
Later, at the end of the closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia. If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an book agents idea in argument, Hamlet and book agents, Oedipus. Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Argument, Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously.
Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the agents, time the play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of patients or to effect recovery. One of my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for an example, yourself about Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby? Hamlet was romantically interested in Ophelia, and agents, she in him, and they lived in the same castle. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to 10 accounting, a convent (nunnery) and the child given for adoption, and Ophelia sings about lost virginity.
We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the book agents, man she loved. Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into the river (she was carrying buckets). Ms Thesis Proposal! How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from his era -- the highest-ranking person on stage gets the agents, first and last lines in each scene. An easy high-school paper can focus on how different characters approach the questions posted in the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is mostly passive. People who go on to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid). Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and spouts lines from companies, a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of damnation.)
Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the opportunity. Horatio is a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of honor and book agents, a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator. From Shakespeare's Era. If you are interested in the English religious controveries of Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in Hamlet. People who held to the Roman tradition might believe in ms thesis proposal, Purgatory, a place of suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and where sufferings could be eased by agents, purchasing the ministry of the church. Before the Reformation, this had helped make the relgious orders wealthy, and plot essays, also sparked the book agents, founding of schools and hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to pray for the sould of resume companies their benefactors.
People who still believed in the Roman doctrine of book agents purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the church, because the time in purgatory would be prolonged. Resume Companies! The English government church forbidden even praying for the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. On the other hand, the Puritans pressured for religious rituals to book, be even further curtailed. In an era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling. Of Moral Argument! Stories of ghosts returning from agents, purgatory, which had been popular before the Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions. For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about his being in torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins). Hamlet swears by Saint Patrick, who is sometimes described as the patron saint of Purgatory. Of course, Old Hamlet is in purgatory, which according to the the grade study, official government church doesn't exist.
When Laertes complains about the limited burial service given to his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on your own what evidence exists to book, show that John Shakespeare, the author's father, was at gcse history coursework, least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to decide for yourself whether Shakespeare is using an old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students. Kronberg Castle, in Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is supposedly Hamlet's castle. Photo. Commentary: T.S. Eliot on Hamlet and his Problems G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to be off-line today. Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the book, villain than Claudius is.
Introduction to Hamlet Postmodernist. An Example Of Moral Argument! . or even perhaps to book agents, tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and art. Uh? No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at resume companies, Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by agents, today's standards.
The site author is, like me, committed to coursework help, making Shakespeare available to agents, everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. Duane Morin -- an e-book is in preparation. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service.
The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the ms thesis proposal, author's e-book. Looks good. To the best of my knowledge, all the book agents, links on my literature pages are to gcse coursework help, free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of book agents wasted time.
It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the twist, works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for book agents, their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons.
Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet. Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating. Psychological thriller. Graphic violence. Scenes of a supernatural nature. In a time of conflict, a voice from the grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only conspiracy and death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is set in contemporary New York City.
I liked it much better than most of the critics did. Bill Murry, who is twist, always funny, plays Polonius and still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia. The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of work. when the book, heroine, who is neglected by her parents, is ms thesis, tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. The theme of the book and movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to book, their children's needs to grow emotionally and mentally, someone else will. And it will probably be the plot essays, wrong people. Oedipus the book agents, King -- including something about the ms thesis proposal, tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on book Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and of Moral, more profound. Book! Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters.
For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and case, here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is bad for the country; despite what has happened to you, you can still be a hero). If you decide that the philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is fine) song is ironic, then the central theme of The Lion King is that life is by its nature full of troubles and wrongs, and you find its meaning in what you do about it this fact. Of course, compare and contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Agents! Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do.
They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Paper! Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on book agents his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent. (2) It is very common for thesis paper, special-forces operatives who return to agents, civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration.
Too many become terribly confused and end up in thesis argument paper, self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and book agents, incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and argument, follow the links from there to book agents, my autopsy page, my notes on grade case disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to book agents, go inside the quotation marks and parentheses. This became standard to protect fragile bits of paper movable type.
My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the question; Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune.
Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at agents, your trade, play sports if and argument, only if you like it, and get out of abusive relationships by any means. Tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from other adults if you need it, and remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world). The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to book, work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. To include this page in a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from grade case study, http://www.pathguy.com/hamlet.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD.
Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian. Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out he could act instead of agents brood. Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in death.
Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the history coursework help, case against Claudius without Hamlet having to take the law into his own hands. Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to agents, quit moping and got what he wanted.
Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the proposal, most. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in book, a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. Click here to see the author's friend, Dr.
Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for the memories and for your friendship. Give me that man That is not passionís slave, and I will wear him In my heartís core, ay, in my heart of heart.
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curriculum vitae British English , CV (skrot) British English. Dodatkowe przyklady dopasowywane sa do hasel w zautomatyzowany sposob - nie gwarantujemy ich poprawnosci. Tlumaczenia dodatkowych przykladow zdan rowniez generowane sa przez automatyczny modul i nie sa weryfikowane przez naszych lektorow. But the agents last entry in his CV is what#039;s at argument issue. Ale ostatnie haslo w jego c.v. Agents! jest co sporny. CV yeah it was the right decision for me and resume, thanks to everyone for their help. C.v. tak to book agents, byla sluszna decyzja dla mnie i podziekowan dla kazdego za ich pomoc. You can tell something about candidates by gcse the way they present their CV . Mozesz mowic czemus, ze o kandydatach a propos oni przedstawiaja swoje c.v.. Never once were we taught the important things like CV writing. Ani razu nie bylismy nauczyc wazne rzeczy jak c.v. pisanie.
I think the book agents master#039;s will make my CV look a lot better. Mysle wola mistrza marki moje c.v. Resume Companies! patrzec duzo lepiej. I#039;d prefer to actually do something than go through another CV class. Wolalbym faktycznie robic cos niz przegladac inne c.v. klasa. The town could go public; it was perfect for a CV series. Miasto moglo ujawnic swoja historie; to bylo doskonale dla c.v. seria. Women are more likely to have a discrepancy on their CV than men. Kobiety sa bardziej majace duze szanse wywrzec rozbieznosc na ich c.v. Agents! niz mezczyzni.
How essential is it to put a photo on history coursework your CV ? Jak niezbedny to book, ma polozyc zdjecie na twoim c.v.? I think that#039;s a CV most actors would be happy with. Mysle, ze byc c.v., z ktorego wiekszosc aktorow bylaby zadowolona. Everything else should actually appear on grade 10 accounting case study the CV that you send off. Wszystko inne faktycznie powinno pojawiac sie na c.v., ktore wysylasz. Would you be able to book agents, send us an email with your CV ? Moglbys przeslac e-maila nam ze swoim c.v.?
A text editor is also included for ms thesis proposal, writing your CV . Edytor tekstu rowniez jest obejmowany dla pisania twojego c.v.. Nearly one in five applicants now had a major lie on book agents their CV . Niemal jeden w pieciu kandydatach teraz dostac glowne klamstwo na ich c.v.. CV joints were applied after a long hiatus since the case study first car. C.v. stawy zostaly zastosowane po dlugiej przerwie od wagonu pierwszej klasy. How to make your CV stand out from the crowd has never been an book, easy task. Jak sprawic, ze twoje c.v. wyroznia sie nigdy nie byl latwym zadaniem. And the CV remains an paper, important first step in agents the recruitment process. I c.v. Case Study! pozostaje wazny pierwszy krok w procesie rekrutacyjnym. Yes you can put it on your CV , but nobody cares. Tak mozesz klasc to na swoim c.v., ale nikt opieki.
Sure, send me your CV and book agents, we#039;ll see if you#039;re up to it. Pewny, wysylac mi twoje c.v. i zobaczymy jesli wzrosniesz do tego. A generic CV is gcse history coursework, just going to book, get you nowhere. Ogolne c.v. wlasnie bedzie miec cie nigdzie. As others have said, your CV may well need reworking. Poniewaz inni powiedzieli, twoje c.v. dobrze moze potrzebowac nowej wersji. See p. 68 for how to compile and ms thesis proposal, present your CV . Widziec str.
68 dla jak sporzadzic i przedstawic twoje c.v.. It also publishes CV , a new magazine for book, college students. To rowniez wydaje c.v., nowy magazyn dla studentow. In 1907, over 300 cars of the types 28, 50 and twist, 80 CV were sold. W 1907, ponad 300 samochodami typow 28, 50 i 80 CV zostaly sprzedane. Language and music are the book most important cultural markers of of Moral Argument CV identity. Jezyk i muzyka sa najwazniejszymi kulturalnymi wskaznikami c.v. tozsamosc. On the book same day, the information was removed from her curriculum vitae . W taki sam dzien, informacje zostaly usuniete z jej zyciorysu.
Finally, the curriculum vitae of the candidates is also taken into companies account. W koncu, zyciorys kandydatow rowniez jest brany pod uwage. His curriculum vitae , including a full list of publications, is book agents, available here. Jego zyciorys, w tym pelna liste publikacji, jest dostepny tu. How many girls can include that in ms thesis proposal their curriculum vitae ? Ile dziewczyn moze wlaczac to book, w swoj zyciorys? I have long since given up seeking something more suited to case study, my curriculum vitae . Mam dawno temu biorac pod uwage fakt , ze w gore szukanie czegos jeszcze dostosowalo do mojego zyciorysu. Underneath the book agents name was what seemed to ms thesis, be a short biography or curriculum vitae . Ponizej imie bylo co wydawac sie byc krotka biografia albo zyciorysem. Includes a curriculum vitae , from which some of the information in this article was drawn.
Obejmuje zyciorys, od ktorego jakas z informacji w tym artykule zostala wyciagnieta. A good curriculum vitae is book agents, vital when looking for work, so what should it contain? Dobry zyciorys jest istotny szukajac pracy, tak co to thesis paper, powinno zawierac? Other parts of his curriculum vitae are well known. Inne czesci jego zyciorysu dobrze sa znane. This usually includes a curriculum vitae , which is book, a summary of what a person has done until now in their life. To zazwyczaj obejmuje zyciorys, ktory jest streszczeniem z co osoba zrobila dotychczas w ich zyciu. The list can be found in grade case his Curriculum vitae . Lista moze zostac znaleziona w swoim zyciorysie. People are faxing their social curriculum vitae to book, the museum from companies around the country. Ludzie faksuja swoj spoleczny zyciorys do muzeum z wokol kraju. I sent my curriculum vitae and got a call from the book agents person running the search to gcse, go out for book agents, an interview in Lincoln.
Wyslalem swoj zyciorys i kazalem rozmowie telefonicznej od osoby przebiegajacej poszukiwania wyjsc dla wywiadu w Lincoln. Competition is keen as the way curricula vitae are now produced show. Konkurs jest ostry jako programy nauczania drogi vitae sa widowiskiem teraz zrealizowanym. A life story is not encapsulated, however, in an academic curriculum vitae . Historia zycia nie jest streszczona, jednakze, w naukowym zyciorysie. I gather he hadn#039;t put that down in gcse coursework his curriculum vitae . Rozumiem nie polozyl tego w swoim zyciorysie. Always the book rebel at heart, but somehow lacking the curriculum vitae . Zawsze buntownik przy sercu, ale jakos nie majac zyciorysu. I thought a poke around Mercury would look good on my curriculum vitae . Pomyslalem, ze szturchniecie okolo Merkury dobrze bedzie wygladac na moim zyciorysie. His full curriculum vitae is available on Argument his own university web site. Jego pelny zyciorys jest dostepny na jego wlasnej witrynie internetowej uniwersyteckiej. He referred to the project as his curriculum vitae . Mowil o projekcie jako o swoim zyciorysie. But I#039;m sure you didn#039;t come all this way to examine my curriculum vitae . Ale jestem pewny, ze nie przyszedles caly ten sposob by book agents badac moj zyciorys.
It is, rather, a kind of curriculum vitae - my attempt to show how one writer was formed. To byc, raczej, pewnego rodzaju zyciorys - moja proba pokazania jak jeden pisarz byl zalozyla. That was a new paragraph for her curriculum vitae . To byl nowy akapit dla swojego zyciorysu. It is not meant to be the twist Curriculum Vitae of book agents everyone involved in resume companies writing the thing! To nie ma byc kazdego objety na pismie zyciorysem rzecz! But all this could be the book curriculum vitae of companies a smart, dull administrator. Ale caly ten moc byc zyciorysem bystrego, nudnego administratora. International experience, he decided, would look good on his resume . Miedzynarodowe doswiadczenie, zadecydowal, dobrze wygladac na jego resume. His resume alone will not be enough to book, win the job. Jego resume w pojedynke nie bedzie wystarczyc by wygrac prace. They had to have a lot of an example training to learn how to look at a foreign resume . Musieli musiec duzo ze szkolenia uczyc sie jak patrzec na zagraniczne resume.
The Internet has brought about a new age for the resume . Internet spowodowal nowy wiek dla resume. And if he does, his resume will carry him a long way. A jesli on book zrobi, jego resume przewiezie go dlugo. But if your resume is proposal, less than perfect, how can you make that happen? Jesli jednak twoje resume pozostawia wiele do zyczenia, jak mozesz urzeczywistniac to? Yet there is also value to time off that has nothing to do with a resume , she said. Juz jest rowniez wartosc dla czasu wolnego, ktory nie ma nic wspolnego z resume, powiedziala.
But in agents each case, let#039;s wait until his resume is an example Argument, complete. Ale w kazdym przypadku, czekajmy do czasu gdy jego resume nie bedzie kompletne. I thought they would just look at agents your resume and grades. Pomyslalem, ze wlasnie beda patrzec na twoje resume i posortuja. Even so, her resume was impressive, and ms thesis proposal, he kept an open mind. Mimo wszystko, jej resume bylo godne podziwu, i nie mial uprzedzen. When she wrote a resume , his name would be the only reference. Gdy napisala resume, jego imie byloby jedynym odniesieniem. And kids are cognitive of the book fact that the more they have on plot their resume , the book agents better. I dzieci sa poznawcze z faktu, ze im oni maja na swoim resume, lepszy.
I am not looking for another line on my resume . Nie szukam innego stanowiska w sprawie swojego resume. I also learned that young people can have great initiative, and a resume is gcse history coursework, not everything. Rowniez dowiedzialem sie, ze mlodzi ludzie moga miec wielka inicjatywe, i resume nie jest wszystkim. And there was a guy who, according to his resume , should have been right up my alley. I byl facet kto, zgodnie z jego resume, powinien miec racje w gore mojej alei. But on book a resume , most employers would probably not know the companies difference, he and agents, others said. Ale na resume, wiekszosc pracodawcow by grade 10 accounting case study prawdopodobnie nie znac roznice, on i in. Agents! powiedziany. I know you took the job as liaison to gcse coursework help, us for book, your resume . Wiem, ze wziales prace jako kontakt do nas za twoje resume. A victory in the championship game would have looked good on resume companies the resume . Zwyciestwo w grze mistrzostw dobrze wygladaloby na resume. Then he would tell the book young man not to plot essays, send his resume to agents, the Bronx.
W takim razie zabronilby mlodziencowi wyslania jego resume do Bronksu. Calls to argument, a number listed on the resume were not returned. Rozmowy telefoniczne do liczby wymienionej na resume nie zostaly zwrocone. And, of course, there was nothing ordinary in the man#039;s resume . I, oczywiscie, nie bylo niczego zwyklego w resume czlowieka. Each summer he#039;d audition for a lead role and book, work on building his resume . Kazde lato przesluchalby do roli wiodacej i prac przy budowaniu jego resume. How do you prove that if it is history help, not written on your resume ? Jak udowadniasz, ze jesli to agents, nie jest napisane na twoim resume? If Jones wins, it will be another line on case a great resume . Jesli Jones wygra, to agents, bedzie inne stanowisko w sprawie wielkiego resume.
If nothing else, it could be my resume for a future job. Jesli nic jeszcze, to moglo byc moje resume dla przyszlej pracy. Uwaga: Tlumaczenia dodatkowych przykladow nie byly weryfikowane przez naszych lektorow - moga zawierac bledy. Dodatkowe przyklady dopasowywane sa do hasel w zautomatyzowany sposob - nie gwarantujemy ich poprawnosci. Tlumaczenia dodatkowych przykladow zdan rowniez generowane sa przez automatyczny modul i nie sa weryfikowane przez naszych lektorow.
They were not resumed until the end of the war. Nie zostali podjeci na nowo do konca wojny. Though work resumed , no one will rest easy until the results are in. Chociaz praca rozpoczela sie na nowo, nikt nie oprze latwy do czasu gdy skutki sa w. They were ready to resume the proposal rest of book their lives. Byli gotowi by podjac na nowo reszte ich zyc. They can now run for office and resume their work. Oni teraz moga ubiegac sie o urzad i moga podejmowac na nowo ich prace.
Without another look up, he turned and resumed his work. Bez innego patrzyc w gore, obrocil sie i podjal na nowo jego prace. But then they had to come back and resume their lives. Ale przeciez musieli wrocic i podjac na nowo ich zycia. His face, which had been quite red, resumed its natural color. Jego twarz, ktora byla calkiem czerwony podjela na nowo swoj naturalny kolor. After a break for food and resume companies, rest, the book work resumed . Po przerwie dla jedzenia i reszty, praca rozpoczela sie na nowo. Having thought a bit, he looked up again and resumed . Pomyslawszy troche, popatrzyl w gore jeszcze raz i podjal na nowo. Within a few months he was able to resume work. W ciagu kilku miesiecy mogl podjac na nowo prace.
He resumed work in private practice until 1942, the proposal year of his death. Podjal na nowo prace w prywatnej praktyce do 1942, rok jego smierci. He left the book administration in 1953, and again resumed the twist essays practice of book agents law. Odszedl z rzadu w 1953, i jeszcze raz podjac na nowo praktyke prawa. He resumed his position for gcse, a short time after the agents war.
Podjal na nowo swoja pozycje krotko juz po wojnie. He was able to ms thesis, resume training only after four months. Mogl podjac na nowo szkolenie dopiero po czterech miesiacach. The following year he was able to resume his work. W nastepnym roku mogl podjac na nowo swoja prace. They resumed their relationship by the end of book agents season 5. Podjeli na nowo swoje stosunki do konca pory roku 5. Many people simply left in the fall to an example of Moral, resume their college studies. Wielu ludzi po prostu wyszlo w upadku podejmowac na nowo ich nauki college#039;u.
After his time in agents Congress, he resumed the 10 accounting practice of agents law. Po jego czasie w Kongresie, podjal na nowo praktyke prawa. Time resumed and an example of Moral Argument, the world came to life once more. Czas podjal na nowo i swiat odzyskal przytomnosc jeszcze raz. Then he resumed his place as if nothing had happened! W takim razie zajal ponownie swoje miejsce jakby nic sie nie stalo! As the play on the field resumed he started away. Poniewaz gra na polu rozpoczela sie na nowo zaczal daleko.
Would she have wanted to agents, resume some kind of plot essays relationship with him? Chcialaby podjac na nowo jakis rodzaj stosunkow z nim? Now on a break for the summer, the project will resume in the fall. Teraz na przerwie na lato, projekt rozpocznie sie na nowo w upadku. The talk between the two men resumed , now in book agents something of ms thesis a new key. Mowienie miedzy dwoma ludzmi rozpoczelo sie na nowo, teraz w w pewnym sensie nowy klucz. Few have the agents resources to Argument, resume their lives without help. Niewielu maja zasoby podjac na nowo ich zycia bez pomocy.
Uwaga: Tlumaczenia dodatkowych przykladow nie byly weryfikowane przez naszych lektorow - moga zawierac bledy.
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50 Free Microsoft Word Resume Templates for Download. Book Agents. Microsoft Word resume templates are the most frequently used tool in the job hunting. It also happens to be the most pivotal tool of job seekers. Resumes can be drafted using almost any word processor or graphic design or even web design software. But word processors are preferred in almost all scenarios. And Microsoft Word is the clear winner among word processors. So everybody seeks for Microsoft Word resume templates. Gcse History. One good thing about word resume templates is that they can be important in almost all of the famous word processors, such as OpenOffice and others. Book Agents. It can be frustrating having to create your resume.
That is plot twist essays because resumes are the first impression that will be made on your possible future employer. Agents. They introduce you, even before you introduce yourself. So it is clear that your resume has to be absolutely up to the mark. For that, you don#8217;t only companies, need good content but also good layout and design. These well formatted resumes will make writing a much easier task verses starting from agents scratch. Itís important to grade case study have your resume stand out from the job competition. These resume templates outline occupation skills and job experiences so an employer can see, at a glance, how you can contribute to the their company.
If you follow the agents, link by clicking the title above, you will find 7 beautiful Word resume templates. Below Iím sharing two of my favorites. Standard free CV Templates with a Flow Short design as the main graphical element for the template for you to download for free. This download contains multiple resume templates for Microsoft Word, including a general resume and a student resume. The resumes are designed using both a table format and an outline format. They can be used to create chronological or functional resumes.
Each template provides structure, examples and tips so that you don#8217;t have to start from argument scratch when creating your resume. When writing your resume, remember to book agents follow the resume companies, #8220;5 C#8217;s of Resume Writing#8221;: Be convincing, concise, clear, consistent, and clean. This is an agents unconventionally modern design. I think it is ideal for professionals of all industries that related to communication such as designing, writing, social media management, brand identity, marketing and similar other jobs. This Microsoft word template has the best use of typography.
I have never seen a resume template use typography so beautifully. This is another one of those modern kind of design. These days, two-columned resumes are pretty trendy because they can contain loads of content on a single page. This resume template reminds me of old WordPress. So if you are a web developer, you might want to use this one. Many Shades of Every Free CV Template for Microsoft Word. You can use there free word CV resume templates for all your personal and proposal, professional needs.
Download them by agents, clicking on of Moral Argument the download links on agents the page, and history, open the downloaded file in your favorite writing software and modify it to agents reflect your own career profile. This website offers almost a dozen free word resume templates. Iím listing two of gcse coursework help, my favorites, you can check out the rest by going to the link. This is book a unique resume template. It has that star rating system that enables to describe your expertise level in various kinds of skills in resume companies, a very effective, yet quick way. This is a classic themed resume design that can ever hardly fail to impress the interviewer. This design shows that you are a serious professional. The good thing about such designs is that they put a lot of emphasis on your content and nothing else. Agents. This is quite a congested design that contains loads and loads of data one page.
You should only use this template if you have loads to say about you but you wanna keep your resume to one page. Note: in design industry, congested resumes are not popular. So if you are a designer, I#8217;d suggest you don#8217;t use this template. As the name suggest, this resume is designed for people with a lot of experience to show. Gcse History Coursework Help. This is book agents a congested resume design, it will not look beautiful if some parts are left empty. This is a beautiful classic themed template. I love this design but I just have one problem, I feel that this template is not that memorable . Otherwise, it is one of my favorites in this collection.
This simple and free Word template is included in this list not because of its design but because of what the concept and structure of a comprehensive CV should be. Coursework. In fact, the chronological resume template is the most traditional resume format. Book. Employers prefer this resume template so try to use it even if it means you have to iron out resume a few problems such as unemployment in your work history. Word Resume Templates from agents Microsoft. These are resume templates designed by none other than Microsoft itself. These are resume templates made by Microsoft itself. You can download these .dotx files and use them as templates in Microsoft word. You can open this file like any other routine .doc file in Word. Essays. Set of 3 pages for a free word resume template for the entry level. This is agents a resume designed for newcomers. The entry level guys who are starting their career.
Another set of 3 pages for a free word resume template . This resume is gcse coursework help designed for intermediate level professionals, containing three different aspects of pages. Convey your work experience to a potential employer with this blue line design template which features your work experience in chronological order. Emphasize your education with this formal resume template that includes an book agents artfully designed header and Argument, a Quick Parts menu to book agents add a photo to your resume. A modern resume template with an attractive color scheme and an indented resume body; includes a Quick Parts menu to select a header with or without a photo. A basic resume template with an oversized font and a shadowed border; includes a Quick Parts menu to add a photo to ms thesis your resume. In this resume template your contact information is printed down the book, right side of the page, inscribed in white text against an orange column.
This basic resume template has a serene color scheme and gcse, includes a Quick Parts menu to agents select a header with or without photo. This resume template is resume companies framed by a light gray border and highlights your work experience; includes a Quick Parts menu to select a header with or without photo. This resume template has a trio-colored header, is framed with a black border and includes a Quick Parts menu to book add a photo to your resume. Microsoft Word Templates#8230; not exactly resumes. Of Moral. These are Microsoft Word templates that are handy but they are not exactly resume templates. Accompany your unsolicited resume with this job application letter template which lists your strengths and conveys your desire to work. Employees wishing to recommend a friend or colleague for a job with your company can use this form template to submit the candidate#8217;s resume to the Human Resources department or hiring manager. Agents. Customize the template to an example of Moral Argument match your company#8217;s referral program policies.
Use this functional resume format to book agents highlight your career accomplishments when applying for history coursework, a position within the agents, same company. The template lists accomplishments, professional experience, skills, and education. Resume Companies. Use this cover letter template to agents respond to 10 accounting job ads that request a salary requirement; includes a detailed job history and a range of lowest to highest salary. Online Microsoft Word has a self sufficient and very simple mechanism to build a comprehensive resume for free in book agents, itself. This site explains this procedure before you. I have shared a couple of cover letter templates in this collection, but do you know what makes a cover letter great? If you wanna to learn the art of writing a killer cover letter then check out my guide for writing impressive cover letters.
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Literary Agents Database | Poets & Writers
essay of a poem © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the book, most difficult aspect of the English course. Ms Thesis? But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on! Find time to book give the case, English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to book read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. Argument? If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on book agents, the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of 10 accounting study any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about.
It is book this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the gcse history help, more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and book agents, grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. Grade Study? It is book agents never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is an example exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of book agents meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is grade because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. Agents? This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!).
Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by close and careful reference to ms thesis proposal the poem itself. Whilst it is book agents your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of resume companies meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and book, a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. Thesis? How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice?
Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Book? Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from an example Argument, this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of book agents a poem. Companies? This is a key thing for you to appreciate.
'Excuse me standing on book agents, one leg Iím half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by plot twist essays, creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of book English create perfectly obvious meaning, only gcse help, one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to book agents open his poem and introduce a key theme.
He wants the an example of Moral, reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and book agents, what is looked down upon in grade 10 accounting, British society. Book Agents? He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and help, language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to book agents create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the resume companies, words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to book agents enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. Thesis Argument Paper? One of the book, difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the history coursework, maximum meaning and feeling into agents them. Poems are often dense with meaning and resume, unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to book work out just what the poet is trying to 10 accounting study say, how the agents, poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another!
Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is gcse help far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at book agents, home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of ms thesis proposal meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in agents, between readings. Reading for gcse coursework help, Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is agents to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the 10 accounting case study, poem's 'story' - that is, what it is book agents generally all about.
This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for resume companies, meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of book person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and history coursework, this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person.
Often, you a poem can seem to book be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the resume, speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the agents, situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the resume companies, fact that these sentences have been split into book agents lines . At the end of plot twist each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is book agents so far. Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on ms thesis, the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to book say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the thesis, lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences.
If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to agents your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in twist, an exam, this is book not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Proposal? Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings.
But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the book agents, writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of thesis argument paper some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for book agents, sure, be there and ms thesis proposal, the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the book, poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'.
And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to coursework help get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and book, importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the resume, meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in agents, a poem and case study, it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the book, poem: a classic way to resume lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from book agents, his book and argument paper, read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and book agents, gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Paper? Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to book agents create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this.
What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to grade study show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to book show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is Argument explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try.
Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of book agents these in resume, your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an book agents, exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the grade 10 accounting, exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and agents, times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. Plot? It is often better to get on with your analysis of the book, poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in resume companies, emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in book, tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the ms thesis proposal, poem and this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice.
Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by book, poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the an example, reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of book agents meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: Iíve known rivers: Iíve known rivers ancient as the world and ms thesis, older than the.
flow of human blood in book, human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of of Moral Argument times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out book your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in an example of Moral Argument, any text, but especially in book agents, a poem, is to look for the effects of study binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of book analysing the subtle levels of resume companies meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought.
FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of agents a poem. There is a key aspect to resume companies every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out book why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in resume, verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. Agents? if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to paper use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in agents, which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. Ms Thesis Proposal? For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on book, thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below).
Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an companies, extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is book called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to resume an emphasis or a pause for book agents, thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the an example of Moral, repeating of book agents initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger!
B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and gcse history, rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of agents voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the history coursework help, term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and agents, can add to resume the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of agents words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable?
Does it add to the 'feel', the an example of Moral Argument, meaning or the book agents, tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by 10 accounting, using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the book agents, world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. Resume? moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of book agents discord . Repetition of important words and grade 10 accounting, phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. Book? what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today.
Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and grade 10 accounting case, sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the agents, effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to companies the overall effect and book agents, meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in resume companies, a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example.
These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is book 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and Argument, ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. Book Agents? 'war') and in plot twist essays, particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to book the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote?
Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to argument support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of agents each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in plot essays, support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the agents, ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument.
In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of resume companies essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of agents comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and proposal, contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Book Agents? Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights.
Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and companies, subtlety of your analysis and agents, insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. Ms Thesis Proposal? help out the meaning of. Book? ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to say in the whole poem.
A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about essays it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in book, fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to grade make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.