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Argument essay opposing view

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In Defense of Homework: Is There Such a Thing as Too Much? As a middle school and high school teacher, I assigned a lot of essay, homework to my students. And though writers such as Alfie Kohn, author of The Homework Myth , make sound arguments against it -- particularly the drill-and-kill variety -- I stand behind the homework I gave. Why? In the twelve years I taught in low-income urban and rural schools, I saw my students extend their skills, their understanding of their communities, and their sense of writing cover for jobs, themselves when given well-crafted take-home assignments. Essay View. My long-term goals for my students, and the skills I thought they'd need to reach those goals, drove what homework I assigned. I wanted all my students to have the opportunity to attend college, to carry a lust for learning into adulthood, to have engaging employment, and to build meaningful relationships. To do so, they needed to adopt some learning behaviors -- to engage intellectually outside of class, access resources, read independently, write and ntic du travail, revise, and work with others. Ideally, students have meaningful after-school internships where they would apply classroom learning, build independence, and foster relationships with peers and adults. Because we're not living that ideal, I believe the right homework can help.

My students didn't have instant access to an academic network, so often I required them to identify and use community resources: They got library cards. They identified tutoring centers. Opposing View. They frequently found appropriate adults and peers to engage and edit their writing. These assignments helped combat their teacher fatigue and required that they stretch beyond their comfort zones to ask bosses, older cousins, or former teachers for academic help. To be honest, some of these assignments mattered to ian lowe quarterly reaction me but were hardly the standards-based activities my administrators looked for during class hours; homework sometimes allowed me to address my standards, not just California's.

Metacognitive assignments also proved particularly effective. Students completed logs describing their thought processes during independent reading. Argument Essay View. Or, building on quarterly essay, reading strategies I'd teach in argument essay opposing view class, they'd revisit chunks of ian lowe quarterly essay time, text at home, recording their questions, connections, and predictions. Later sharing these responses with their peers, students made meaning of text together (often while I took roll!) and I quickly assessed what needed reteaching. The more metacognitive strategies I taught, the argument opposing view more freedom students had with homework; by year's end students picked strategies from a huge toolbox to help them grapple with that night's text. Students overwhelmingly reported that metacognition, much of which has to be done independently, built their reading confidence and skills.

Perhaps the most motivating and challenging homework? Oral history projects. Students interviewed family members about immigration and migration, transcribed tape, created and revised narratives, and published their work. In the process, they didn't just address hard-to-cover standards, participate in organic grammar exercises, and writing, handle equipment; more importantly, they connected with adults in their lives, learned about history (their own, each others', and California's), and started to see themselves as the essay view community's storytellers. All these results came from the interviews, which took place in claims kitchens and opposing view, family rooms across San Francisco. These assignments worked for my students, and necessarily took place outside of school. Even simple journal responses to literature, letters to me, or bringing in found poetry gave students a chance at ian lowe essay time, personal expression otherwise impossible in essay opposing view large classes.

And when the assignment was right, students were active rather than passive, making connections between one day of class and the next, not waiting for their teacher to provide the next show. As with most conversations about education, we can't separate the question of homework from questions of equity. I'm not arguing that thoughtfully created homework levels the playing field -- affluent families surely assist and statement for childhood obesity, prod more than struggling ones. Argument Opposing View. But I worry about the outcome if every U.S. school were to embrace Kohn's radical query: What if we just didn't assign homework at all? While middle- and upper-class families still took vacations, paid for tutoring, and enrolled kids in music classes and language schools, would children from families with less social capital have even fewer learning opportunities to quarterly reaction time help them in school? Even if we wanted to, in the end, most teachers won't experiment with Kohn's imaginings and ban all homework. In our No Child Left Behind era of scripted curricula and argument opposing view, diminished teacher creativity, few instructors have the autonomy to essay make such decisions on their own.

What the anti-homework camp does, though, is remind us that there are different types of homework and that those differences are significant. Argument Opposing. Teachers who read Kohn's argument against homework probably will, as I have, revisit what homework they assign and why. Kohn does for teachers what good homework should do for kids -- he gets us reflecting on experiences, thinking about obesity, practice, and opposing, talking to et organisation du travail dissertation each other about the meaning of argument essay view, our work. Ian Lowe Quarterly Reaction. Lisa Morehouse taught secondary English for twelve years in San Francisco and argument opposing, rural Georgia. She is organ paper now a public-radio journalist and an education consultant.

Competency-Based Learning: Developing Mastery of Skills and Content. Brain-Based Strategies to Reduce Test Stress. Sharing the Depth of Knowledge Wheel With Students. Test Prep Doesn’t Have to Be Overwhelming. Comments (15) Sign in or register to comment Follow Subscribe to comments via RSS. This is my third year of teaching and I don't assign written homework. I have a large number of students who are being raised by argument view grandparents or are from organ research single parent homes. These students either have no one to help them or their parent doesn't have time after work. Our school has a policy on assigning homework. If homework is necessary, then no more than 15 minutes per subject per night.

This is good. An earlier post discussed a student having 4 hours of homework. This is ridiculous. I'm in 6th grade, and argument essay view, homework is UNBELIEVIBLE! The first few weeks, I had NO time to go out and play with my friends or watch tv. I even have tons of homework on writing cover for jobs, the weekends! Homework to me is like teaching somebody something they learned and the already understand it again. Homework just gets in the way of everything I do. If somebody asks me if they want me to opposing come over their house or watch a movie, I can't because I still have homework.

I guess it's something you need to have. I'm in a debate about homework currently for debate club. I'm arguing that people should have homework, but I need more reasons why. A Good Thesis Obesity. If you want to help me out just post a comment on argument essay, why there should be homework. Also feel free to talk about why kids shouldnt have homework because I LOVE a good debate. Thanks!

Also I am a middle school student so that's why its sooo hard to ian lowe quarterly time argue in view the defense of homework since every night it practically ruins my social life. Spontaneous. but anyway thanks again! Lisa, your argument is enthusiastic but fails to view persuade. You have listed benefits as though they apply across the board, without an appropriate critique, which does not reflect reality. What if they didn't understand the work in between spontaneous generation class and then you offer them homework that is another step beyond what already confounds them? Hrm. It sounds like a good idea for some students but a bad idea for others.

It is so hard to comment on homework. Argument View. I can see how some students do not need homework. They are responsible and participate many after school activities. Paper. I have found (I am a high school teacher) that most students who are responsible and participate in opposing after school activities complete their homework on a regular basis. Completing homework teaches those students to manage their time. Adults looking back at students who are doing homework often forget that learning to manage multiple tasks took practice. Many students who do not do homework assignments are unorganized and in thesis statement most cases have little parental pressure to essay complete homework. For Jobs. This is not always the case. We get thrown off by the highly unusual case of a student who does not do work amid constant parental pressure. For the students who do not care and parental pressure is non-existant, there is argument opposing no helping these students with current school resources and thesis claims, under current law.

Students who complete their homework surpass students who do not. It would be easier to not give homework. As a teacher I can see that students who complete their homework are better prepared for the lesson the next day. Argument. Those students get better grades on tests. Students who do not do homework are not less prepared and do poorly on tests.

This pattern is pervasive as students who complete homework continue to excel academically past students who do not. This compounds over time leading to the disparity of thesis claims, student readiness for college by 12th grade. So, should we hold back students who are ready and opposing view, willing to between spontaneous complete homework that would help them with organization while also helping them to retain and argument, apply content knowledge so students who are unwilling do not get left behind? I teach on the college level, which I admit is quite different than normal public schools. There is a good deal of reading in these classes. I found that when I just assigned readings without formal homework, class discussions were dull. Even with reading guides to help students identify the more important info for the class, students didn't seem to have picked up on thesis claims, the info. I was never sure if they read the material or not. I believe that students learn better when they work with the material more actively. I am not in argument essay a position to ditch the textbooks entirely.

However, I now give homework assignments that ask the students to ian lowe essay time DO something with the material they are reading- to reflect, relate, clarify, synthesize, apply. Argument Opposing View. I probably spend more time devising the HW than my students take to a good thesis statement obesity do it.:) But I think it enables them to have more of a grasp on argument opposing view, the material. We can then take that material and discuss it, further apply it and even do some fun activities based on it in class. Organ Research Paper. It is really an interesting information that i could not thought about this topics before this.Teachers have the responsibility to help for argument essay concentrating and interacting with their corresponding subjects. The problem I believe is more fundamental as both writers, Alfie Kohn and the author above accept , IN PRINCIPLE, that being in difference between generation an educational institution is actually, healthy, and opposing view, worthwhile. Says who? They are both trying to rectify in their own way a symptom of between, education, which is not designed to stimulate but to control and inculcate with the need to be productive for the dominant economic system. That's the problem and the arrogance of such people that humans need a passion for learning is complete veracity. Capacity and desire to essay view learn is inherent in the species, we've been doing it for millions of years as an writing cover for jobs, evolving organism. To tell us that we need somebody to stand in front of argument essay view, us and show us how to live is BS and a waste of time and energy. Don't believe these people who would have you turn out letter for jobs as imbeciles to continue the carnage and destruction.

What they believe they know is not worth knowing.

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navsea business plan As used in this subpart “Alaska Native Corporation (ANC)” means any Regional Corporation, Village Corporation, Urban Corporation, or Group Corporation organized under the laws of the State of Alaska in accordance with the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, as amended (43 U.S.C. 1601, et seq .) and essay view which is between spontaneous, considered a minority and economically disadvantaged concern under the criteria at argument essay opposing, 43 U.S.C. 1626(e)(1). This definition also includes ANC direct and indirect subsidiary corporations, joint ventures, and partnerships that meet the requirements of 43 U.S.C. Ian Lowe Quarterly Reaction! 1626(e)(2). “Commercial plan” means a subcontracting plan (including goals) that covers the offeror’s fiscal year and that applies to the entire production of commercial items sold by view either the entire company or a portion thereof ( e.g., division, plant, or product line). “Electronic Subcontracting Reporting System (eSRS)” means the et organisation Governmentwide, electronic, web-based system for small business subcontracting program reporting.

“Failure to make a good faith effort to comply with the argument essay opposing view subcontracting plan” means willful or intentional failure to perform in accordance with the letter requirements of the subcontracting plan, or willful or intentional action to frustrate the essay opposing view plan. “Indian tribe” means any Indian tribe, band, group, pueblo, or community, including native villages and native groups (including corporations organized by Kenai, Juneau, Sitka, and Kodiak) as defined in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C.A. 1601 et seq .), that is recognized by the Federal Government as eligible for services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs in accordance with 25 U.S.C. 1452(c). This definition also includes Indian-owned economic enterprises that meet the requirements of 25 U.S.C. Thesis Statement For Childhood! 1452(e). “Individual subcontracting plan” means a subcontracting plan that covers the entire contract period (including option periods), applies to a specific contract, and has goals that are based on argument essay the offeror’s planned subcontracting in support of the ian lowe essay specific contract, except that indirect costs incurred for common or joint purposes may be allocated on a prorated basis to the contract. “Master subcontracting plan” means a subcontracting plan that contains all the required elements of an individual subcontracting plan, except goals, and opposing may be incorporated into individual subcontracting plans, provided the master subcontracting plan has been approved. “Reduced payment” means a payment that is for less than the amount agreed upon in a subcontract in accordance with its terms and conditions, for supplies and services for which the Government has paid the thesis claims warrant prime contractor.

“Subcontract” means any agreement (other than one involving an employer-employee relationship) entered into by a Government prime contractor or subcontractor calling for supplies and/or services required for performance of the contract, contract modification, or subcontract. “Total contract dollars” means the final anticipated dollar value, including the dollar value of all options. “Untimely payment” means a payment to a subcontractor that is more than 90 days past due under the terms and conditions of a subcontract for supplies and services for which the Government has paid the prime contractor. Any contractor receiving a contract with a value greater than the simplified acquisition threshold must agree in the contract that small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns will have the maximum practicable opportunity to participate in contract performance consistent with its efficient performance. Essay Opposing View! It is further the policy of the United States that its prime contractors establish procedures to ensure the timely payment of amounts due pursuant to organ research the terms of argument view, their subcontracts with small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns. (a) Except as stated in cover letter for jobs, paragraph (b) of this section, section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) imposes the following requirements regarding subcontracting with small businesses and small business subcontracting plans: (1) In negotiated acquisitions, each solicitation of offers to argument essay perform a contract that is cover for jobs, expected to exceed $700,000 ($1.5 million for construction) and that has subcontracting possibilities, shall require the argument essay view apparently successful offeror to submit an letter for jobs, acceptable subcontracting plan. If the apparently successful offeror fails to negotiate a subcontracting plan acceptable to argument essay view the contracting officer within the time limit prescribed by the contracting officer, the offeror will be ineligible for spontaneous generation award. (2) In sealed bidding acquisitions, each invitation for bids to argument essay opposing perform a contract that is expected to exceed $700,000 ($1.5 million for construction) and reaction that has subcontracting possibilities, shall require the essay view bidder selected for award to submit a subcontracting plan.

If the selected bidder fails to submit a plan within the thesis claims time limit prescribed by argument the contracting officer, the bidder will be ineligible for ntic award. (3) Each contract modification that causes the value of a contract without a subcontracting plan to exceed $700,000 ($1.5 million for construction), shall require the contractor to argument submit a subcontracting plan for the contract, if the contracting officer determines that subcontracting opportunities exist. (b) Subcontracting plans (see paragraphs (a)(1) and (2) of this section) are not required (1) From small business concerns; (2) For personal services contracts; (3) For contracts or contract modifications that will be performed entirely outside of the claims warrant United States and its outlying areas; or. (4) For modifications that are within the scope of the contract and the contract does not contain the clause at 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. (c) As stated in 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(8), any contractor or subcontractor failing to comply in good faith with the requirements of the subcontracting plan is in material breach of argument, its contract. Ntic Du Travail Dissertation! Further, 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)(F) directs that a contractor’s failure to make a good faith effort to argument view comply with the requirements of the thesis subcontracting plan shall result in argument opposing, the imposition of liquidated damages. (d) As authorized by 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(11), certain costs incurred by research paper a mentor firm in providing developmental assistance to a protege firm under the Department of essay opposing, Defense Pilot Mentor-Protege Program, may be credited as if they were subcontract awards to a protege firm for the purpose of determining whether the mentor firm attains the applicable goals under any subcontracting plan entered into with any executive agency. However, the mentor-protege agreement must have been approved by organ research paper the Director, Small Business Programs of the opposing cognizant DoD military department or defense agency, before developmental assistance costs may be credited against subcontract goals.

A list of between generation, approved agreements may be obtained at http://www.acq.osd.mil/osbp/mentor_protege/. 19.703 Eligibility requirements for participating in essay, the program. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, to be eligible as a subcontractor under the claims program, a concern must represent itself as a small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, or women-owned small business concern. (1) To represent itself as a small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, or women-owned small business concern, a concern must meet the argument opposing appropriate definition (see 2.101 and 19.001). For subcontracting purposes, a concern is small if it does not exceed the size standard for the NAICS code that the writing letter prime contractor determines best describes the product or service being acquired by the subcontract. (2)(i) The prime contractor may accept a subcontractor’s written representations of essay opposing, its size and socioeconomic status as a small business, small disadvantaged business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, or a women-owned small business, if the claims subcontractor represents that the size and socioeconomic status representation with its offer are current, accurate, and complete as of the essay date of the offer for between spontaneous the subcontracts; or. (ii) The prime contractor may accept a subcontractor’s representation of its size and socioeconomic status as a small business, small disadvantaged business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, or a women-owned small business in the System for Award Management (SAM) if (A) The subcontractor is registered in SAM; and. (B) The subcontractor represents that the size and socioeconomic status representations made in SAM are current, accurate and complete as of the date of the argument view offer for the subcontract.

(iii) The prime contractor may not require the research paper use of argument essay opposing, SAM for the purposes of representing size or socioeconomic status in connection with a subcontract. (iv) In accordance with 13 CFR 121.411, 124.1015, 125.29, 126.900, and 127.700, a prime contractor acting in good faith is not liable for misrepresentations made by its subcontractors regarding the subcontractor’s size or socioeconomic status. (b) The contractor, the contracting officer, or any other interested party can challenge a subcontractor’s size status representation by filing a protest, in accordance with 13 CFR 121.1001 through 121.1008. (c)(1) In accordance with 43 U.S.C. 1626, the following procedures apply: (i) Subcontracts awarded to an ANC or Indian tribe shall be counted towards the subcontracting goals for small business and ntic du travail dissertation small disadvantaged business (SDB) concerns, regardless of the essay opposing view size or Small Business Administration certification status of the ANC or Indian tribe. (ii) Where one or more subcontractors are in the subcontract tier between the prime contractor and the ANC or Indian tribe, the between ANC or Indian tribe shall designate the essay opposing appropriate contractor(s) to count the subcontract towards its small business and small disadvantaged business subcontracting goals. (A) In most cases, the appropriate contractor is the contractor that awarded the subcontract to the ANC or Indian tribe. (B) If the ANC or Indian tribe designates more than one contractor to count the subcontract toward its goals, the organ research paper ANC or Indian tribe shall designate only a portion of the total subcontract award to argument opposing view each contractor. The sum of the amounts designated to various contractors cannot exceed the total value of the subcontract. (C) The ANC or Indian tribe shall give a copy of the written designation to ian lowe quarterly essay the contracting officer, the argument essay opposing view prime contractor, and ian lowe time the subcontractors in between the prime contractor and the ANC or Indian tribe within 30 days of the date of the argument view subcontract award. (D) If the contracting officer does not receive a copy of the ANC's or the Indian tribe’s written designation within 30 days of the claims warrant subcontract award, the contractor that awarded the subcontract to the ANC or Indian tribe will be considered the designated contractor.

(2) A contractor acting in good faith may rely on argument opposing view the written representation of an ANC or an Indian tribe as to thesis warrant the status of the ANC or Indian tribe unless an essay, interested party challenges its status or the contracting officer has independent reason to question its status. In the research paper event of a challenge of a representation of an ANC or Indian tribe, the interested parties shall follow the procedures at 26.103(b) through (e). (d)(1) The contractor shall confirm that a subcontractor representing itself as a HUBZone small business concern is certified by essay opposing SBA as a HUBZone small business concern by thesis obesity accessing the System for Award Management database or by essay opposing view contacting the SBA. Options for contacting the SBA include (i) HUBZone small business database search application web page at http://dsbs.sba.gov/dsbs/dsp_searchhubzone.cfm; (ii) In writing to the U.S. Small Business Administration, 409 3rd Street, SW., Washington DC 20416; or. (2) Protests challenging the socioeconomic status of a HUBZone small business concern must be filed in accordance with 13 CFR 126.801. (e) The contracting officer or the a good thesis obesity SBA may protest the disadvantaged status of a proposed subcontractor.

Protests challenging a subcontractor’s small disadvantaged business representation must be filed in accordance with 13 CFR 124.1007 through 124.1014. Argument Opposing View! Other interested parties may submit information to the contracting officer or the SBA in research paper, an effort to persuade the contracting officer or the argument opposing view SBA to initiate a protest. Such protests, in order to be considered timely, must be submitted to the SBA prior to completion of du travail, performance by the intended subcontractor. 19.704 Subcontracting plan requirements. (a) Each subcontracting plan required under 19.702(a)(1), (2), and (3) shall include (1) Separate percentage goals for using small business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business (including ANCs and argument essay view Indian tribes) and women-owned small business concerns as subcontractors; (2) A statement of the total dollars planned to be subcontracted and a statement of the total dollars planned to be subcontracted to small business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business (including ANCs and for jobs Indian tribes) and women-owned small business concerns, as a percentage of total subcontract dollars. For individual subcontracting plans only, a contracting officer may require the opposing goals referenced in paragraph (a)(1) of quarterly essay reaction time, this section to be calculated as a percentage of total contract dollars, in addition to the goals established as a percentage of opposing, total subcontract dollars; (3) A description of the cover for jobs principal types of supplies and services to be subcontracted and an identification of types of supplies or services planned for subcontracting to small business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), and women-owned small business concerns; (4) A description of the method used to develop the subcontracting goals; (5) A description of the method used to opposing identify potential sources for solicitation purposes; (6) A statement as to whether or not the offeror included indirect costs in establishing subcontracting goals, and organ research a description of the method used to determine the proportionate share of indirect costs to argument opposing be incurred with small business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business (including ANCs and Indian tribes), and women-owned small business concerns; (7) The name of an individual employed by the offeror who will administer the offeror’s subcontracting program, and a description of the duties of the individual; (8) A description of the efforts the cover letter for jobs offeror will make to ensure that small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns have an equitable opportunity to compete for subcontracts; (9) Assurances that the offeror will include the clause at 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns (see 19.708(a)), in all subcontracts that offer further subcon- tracting opportunities, and that the argument essay opposing view offeror will require all subcontractors (except small business concerns) that receive subcontracts in for childhood, excess of $700,000 ($1.5 million for essay construction) to adopt a plan that complies with the requirements of the a good statement for childhood clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan (see 19.708(b)); (10) Assurances that the offeror will (i) Cooperate in any studies or surveys as may be required; (ii) Submit periodic reports so that the Government can determine the extent of argument essay opposing view, compliance by the offeror with the subcontracting plan; (iii) After November 30, 2017, include subcontracting data for a good statement each order when reporting subcontracting achievements for essay indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contracts intended for use by multiple agencies; (iv) Submit the Individual Subcontract Report (ISR), and the Summary Subcontract Report (SSR) using the Electronic Subcontracting Reporting System (eSRS) (http://www.esrs.gov), following the for jobs instructions in the eSRS. (A) The ISR shall be submitted semi-annually during contract performance for the periods ending March 31 and September 30. A report is argument essay opposing view, also required for each contract within 30 days of contract completion. Reports are due 30 days after the close of each reporting period, unless otherwise directed by the contracting officer. Paper! Reports are required when due, regardless of whether there has been any subcontracting activity since the inception of the contract or the previous reporting period.

When a contracting officer rejects an ISR, the contractor is argument essay opposing, required to submit a revised ISR within 30 days of receiving the notice of the difference between spontaneous ISR rejection. (B) The SSR shall be submitted annually by October 30 for the twelve-month period ending September 30. When an SSR is essay, rejected, the contractor is required to submit a revised SSR within 30 days of receiving the notice of SSR rejection; (v) Ensure that its subcontractors with subcontracting plans agree to submit the ISR and/or the SSR using the eSRS; (vi) Provide its prime contract number, its unique entity identifier and the e-mail address of the offeror’s official responsible for acknowledging receipt of or rejecting the ISRs to ntic et organisation dissertation all first-tier subcontractors with subcontracting plans so they can enter this information into essay the eSRS when submitting their ISRs; and. (vii) Require that each subcontractor with a subcontracting plan provide the prime contract number, its own unique entity identifier, and the e-mail address of the subcontractor’s official responsible for acknowledging receipt of or rejecting the ISRs, to its subcontractors with subcontracting plans; (11) A description of the types of records that will be maintained concerning procedures adopted to comply with the requirements and goals in the plan, including establishing source lists; and a description of the offeror’s efforts to locate small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns and to award subcontracts to them; (12) Assurances that the offeror will make a good faith effort to acquire articles, equipment, supplies, services, or materials, or obtain the performance of construction work from the small business concerns that the offeror used in preparing the bid or proposal, in the same or greater scope, amount, and quality used in preparing and submitting the bid or proposal. Responding to a request for a quote does not constitute use in preparing a bid or proposal. An offeror used a small business concern in writing cover letter for jobs, preparing the argument essay opposing view bid or proposal if (i) The offeror identifies the statement obesity small business concern as a subcontractor in the bid or proposal or associated small business subcontracting plan, to furnish certain supplies or perform a portion of the contract; or. (ii) The offeror used the small business concern’s pricing or cost information or technical expertise in preparing the bid or proposal, where there is written evidence of an intent or understanding that the small business concern will be awarded a subcontract for the related work if the offeror is awarded the contract; (13) Assurances that the contractor will provide the contracting officer with a written explanation if the contractor fails to acquire articles, equipment, supplies, services or materials or obtain the performance of argument essay view, construction work as described in (a)(12) of this section. This written explanation will be submitted to the contracting officer within 30 days of contract completion; (14) Assurances that the contractor will not prohibit a subcontractor from discussing with the contracting officer any material matter pertaining to quarterly reaction payment to or utilization of a subcontractor; and. (15) Assurances that the argument essay opposing offeror will pay its small business subcontractors on time and in accordance with the terms and conditions of the subcontract, and notify the time contracting officer if the offeror pays a reduced or an essay, untimely payment to a small business subcontractor (see 52.242-5). (b) Contractors may establish, on thesis for childhood a plant or division-wide basis, a master subcontracting plan (see 19.701) that contains all the elements required by the clause at essay opposing, 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan, except goals.

Master subcontracting plans shall be effective for ian lowe quarterly time a 3-year period after approval by the contracting officer; however, it is incumbent upon contractors to maintain and update master subcontracting plans. Changes required to update master subcontracting plans are not effective until approved by essay view the contracting officer. A master plan, when incorporated in warrant, an individual plan, shall apply to that contract throughout the life of the contract. (c) For multiyear contracts or contracts containing options, the cumulative value of the opposing view basic contract and all options is considered in determining whether a subcontracting plan is cover letter, necessary. If a subcontracting plan is necessary and the offeror is submitting an individual subcontracting plan, the individual subcontracting plan shall contain all the elements required by opposing view paragraph (a) of this section and shall contain separate statements and goals based on total subcontract dollars for the basic contract and for each option. (d) A commercial plan (as defined in 19.701) is the preferred type of subcontracting plan for contractors furnishing commercial items. Reaction Time! Once a contractor’s commercial plan has been approved, the Government shall not require another subcontracting plan from the same contractor while the plan remains in argument essay view, effect, as long as the product or service being provided by the contractor continues to meet the definition of a commercial item.

The contractor shall (1) Submit the quarterly essay commercial plan to either the first contracting officer awarding a contract subject to the plan during the contractor’s fiscal year, or, if the contractor has ongoing contracts with commercial plans, to the contracting officer responsible for the contract with the essay latest completion date. The contracting officer shall negotiate the commercial plan for the Government. The approved commercial plan shall remain in writing cover, effect during the contractor’s fiscal year for all Government contracts in opposing view, effect during that period; (2) Submit a new commercial plan, 30 working days before the end of the Contractor’s fiscal year, to the contracting officer responsible for the uncompleted Government contract with the ntic du travail dissertation latest completion date. The contractor must provide to each contracting officer responsible for an ongoing contract subject to the plan, the identity of the contracting officer that will be negotiating the new plan; (3) When the new commercial plan is approved, provide a copy of the argument essay view approved plan to each contracting officer responsible for an ongoing contract that is subject to the plan; and. (4) Comply with the reporting requirements stated in paragraph (a)(10) of this section by cover letter for jobs submitting one SSR in eSRS, for all contracts covered by its commercial plan. This report will be acknowledged or rejected in eSRS by the contracting officer who approved the plan. The report shall be submitted within 30 days after the end of the Government’s fiscal year. 19.705 Responsibilities of the contracting officer under the subcontracting assistance program. (a) The contracting officer may encourage the development of increased subcontracting opportunities in negotiated acquisition by providing monetary incentives such as payments based on actual subcontracting achievement or award-fee contracting (see the clause at 52.219-10, Incentive Subcontracting Program, and 19.708(c)). Essay Opposing View! When using any contractual incentive provision based upon rewarding the claims warrant contractor monetarily for exceeding goals in the subcontracting plan, the contracting officer must ensure that (a) the goals are realistic and (b) any rewards for exceeding the argument opposing view goals are commensurate with the efforts the contractor would not have otherwise expended.

Incentive provisions should normally be negotiated after reaching final agreement with the contractor on the subcontracting plan. (b)(1) Except where a contractor has a commercial plan, the contracting officer shall require a subcontracting plan for each indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract (including task or delivery order contracts, FSS, GWACs, and MACs), when the estimated value of the research contract meets the subcontracting plan thresholds at 19.702(a)(1) and small business subcontracting opportunities exist. (2) Contracting officers placing orders may establish small business subcontracting goals for argument essay opposing each order. Establishing goals shall not be in the form of a good for childhood obesity, a new subcontracting plan as a contract may not have more than one plan (19.705-2(e)). 19.705-2 Determining the need for a subcontracting plan. The contracting officer shall take the following actions to determine whether a proposed contractual action requires a subcontracting plan: (a)(1) Determine whether the proposed total contract dollars will exceed the subcontracting plan threshold in view, 19.702(a). (2) Determine whether a proposed modification will cause the total contract dollars to cover letter for jobs exceed the subcontracting plan threshold (see 19.702(a)).

(b) Determine whether subcontracting possibilities exist by considering relevant factors such as (1) Whether firms engaged in argument essay view, the business of a good thesis obesity, furnishing the types of items to opposing view be acquired customarily contract for performance of thesis warrant, part of the work or maintain sufficient in-house capability to argument essay view perform the work; and. (2) Whether there are likely to be product prequalification requirements. (3) Whether the firm can acquire any portion of the work with minimal or no disruption to performance (with consideration given to the time remaining until contract completion), and at fair market value, when a determination is made in accordance with paragraph (a)(2). (c) If it is determined that there are no subcontracting possibilities, the determination shall include a detailed rationale, be approved at a level above the contracting officer, and placed in the contract file. (d) In solicitations for negotiated acquisitions, the contracting officer may require the ian lowe time submission of opposing, subcontracting plans with initial offers, or at any other time prior to award.

In determining when subcontracting plans should be required, as well as when and with whom plans should be negotiated, the ntic et organisation dissertation contracting officer must consider the integrity of the competitive process, the goal of affording maximum practicable opportunity for small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and argument view women-owned small business concerns to participate, and the burden placed on offerors. (e) A contract may not have more than one subcontracting plan. However, a contracting officer may establish separate subcontracting goals for each order under an indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract (19.705-1(b)(2)). When a contract modification exceeds the quarterly essay time subcontracting plan threshold (see 19.702(a)) or an opposing view, option is exercised, the thesis for childhood obesity goals of an existing subcontracting plan shall be amended to argument essay reflect any new subcontracting opportunities not envisioned at the time of contract award. These goal changes do not apply retroactively. (f) If a subcontracting plan has been added to the contract due to a modification (see 19.702(a)(3)) or a size re-representation (see 19.301-2(e)), the between spontaneous generation subcontracting goals apply from the essay opposing view date of claims, incorporation of the subcontracting plan into the contract and the contractor’s achievements must be reported on the ISR (or the argument SF-294, if applicable) on a cumulative basis from the date of incorporation of the subcontracting plan into a good thesis statement for childhood obesity the contract. 19.705-3 Preparing the solicitation.

The contracting officer shall provide the argument essay view Small Business Administration's (SBA’s) procurement center representative (or, if a procurement center representative is statement obesity, not assigned, see 19.402(a)) a reasonable period of opposing view, time to review any solicitation requiring submission of a subcontracting plan and to submit advisory findings before the solicitation is issued. 19.705-4 Reviewing the thesis for childhood obesity subcontracting plan. The contracting officer shall review the subcontracting plan for opposing adequacy, ensuring that the required information, goals, and a good statement assurances are included (see 19.704). (a) No detailed standards apply to every subcontracting plan. Instead, the contracting officer shall consider each plan in terms of the circumstances of the argument essay particular acquisition, including (1) Previous involvement of small business concerns as prime contractors or subcontractors in organ, similar acquisitions; (2) Proven methods of involving small business concerns as subcontractors in similar acquisitions; and. (3) The relative success of methods the contractor intends to use to argument essay opposing meet the goals and requirements of the plan, as evidenced by records maintained by essay contractors. (b) If, under a sealed bid solicitation, a bidder submits a plan that does not cover each of the 15 required elements (see 19.704), the contracting officer shall advise the bidder of the deficiency and request submission of a revised plan by a specific date. If the bidder does not submit a plan that incorporates the required elements within the time allotted, the bidder shall be ineligible for award. If the plan, although responsive, evidences the essay opposing bidder’s intention not to comply with its obligations under the clause at ntic et organisation du travail, 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, the contracting officer may find the essay bidder nonresponsible. (c) In negotiated acquisitions, the difference between generation contracting officer shall determine whether the plan is acceptable based on the negotiation of view, each of the ntic 15 elements of the plan (see 19.704).

Subcontracting goals should be set at a level that the parties reasonably expect can result from the offeror expending good faith efforts to use small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business subcontractors to the maximum practicable extent. The contracting officer shall take particular care to ensure that the offeror has not submitted unreasonably low goals to minimize exposure to liquidated damages and to avoid the essay opposing view administrative burden of difference between, substantiating good faith efforts. Additionally, particular attention should be paid to argument essay view the identification of steps that, if taken, would be considered a good faith effort. No goal should be negotiated upward if it is apparent that a higher goal will significantly increase the Government’s cost or seriously impede the organ paper attainment of acquisition objectives. An incentive subcontracting clause (see 52.219-10, Incentive Subcontracting Program), may be used when additional and unique contract effort, such as providing technical assistance, could significantly increase subcontract awards to small business, small disadvantaged business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, or women-owned small business concerns.

(d) In determining the acceptability of a proposed subcontracting plan, the contracting officer should take the argument opposing following actions: (1) Obtain information available from the cognizant contract administration office, as provided for in 19.706(a), and evaluate the offeror’s past performance in warrant, awarding subcontracts for the same or similar products or services to small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and essay women-owned small business concerns. If information is claims warrant, not available on a specific type of product or service, evaluate the offeror’s overall past performance and consider the performance of other contractors on similar efforts. (2) In accordance with 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)(F)(iii), ensure that the goals offered are attainable in relation to (i) The subcontracting opportunities available to essay opposing the contractor, commensurate with the efficient and economical performance of the contract; (ii) The pool of eligible subcontractors available to fulfill the subcontracting opportunities; and. (iii) The actual performance of organ research paper, such contractor in fulfilling the essay opposing subcontracting goals specified in prior plans. (3) Ensure that the subcontracting goals are consistent with the offeror’s certified cost or pricing data or data other than certified cost or pricing data.

(4) Evaluate the offeror’s make-or-buy policy or program to ensure that it does not conflict with the offeror’s proposed subcontracting plan and paper is in the Government’s interest. If the contract involves products or services that are particularly specialized or not generally available in the commercial market, consider the offeror’s current capacity to perform the argument essay opposing view work and the possibility of difference spontaneous, reduced subcontracting opportunities. (5) Evaluate subcontracting potential, considering the offeror’s make-or-buy policies or programs, the argument opposing nature of the supplies or services to be subcontracted, the known availability of small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns in quarterly essay reaction time, the geographical area where the work will be performed, and the potential contractor’s long-standing contractual relationship with its suppliers. (6) Advise the offeror of essay opposing view, available sources of claims warrant, information on potential small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business subcontractors, as well as any specific concerns known to be potential subcontractors. If the essay opposing offeror’s proposed goals are questionable, the contracting officer must emphasize that the information should be used to develop realistic and acceptable goals. (7) Obtain advice and recommendations from the SBA procurement center representative (or, if a procurement center representative is not assigned, see 19.402(a)) and the agency small business specialist. 19.705-5 Awards involving subcontracting plans. (a) In making an award that requires a subcontracting plan, the contracting officer shall be responsible for the following: (1) Consider the difference generation contractor’s compliance with the subcontracting plans submitted on previous contracts as a factor in determining contractor responsibility. (2) Assure that a subcontracting plan was submitted when required. (3) Notify the SBA procurement center representative (or, if a procurement center representative is not assigned, see 19.402(a)) of the argument essay opposing opportunity to review the difference between proposed contract (including the plan and supporting documentation). The notice shall be issued in sufficient time to opposing provide the representative a reasonable time to review the material and submit advisory recommendations to the contracting officer.

Failure of the representative to writing letter respond in argument, a reasonable period of time shall not delay contract award. (4) Determine any fee that may be payable if an incentive is used in conjunction with the subcontracting plan. (5) Ensure that an acceptable plan is incorporated into and made a material part of the contract. (b) Letter contracts and similar undefinitized instruments, which would otherwise meet the requirements of thesis for childhood obesity, 19.702(a)(1) and (2), shall contain at least a preliminary basic plan addressing the requirements of 19.704 and in such cases require the negotiation of the final plan within 90 days after award or before definitization, whichever occurs first. 19.705-6 Postaward responsibilities of the contracting officer.

After a contract or contract modification containing a subcontracting plan is awarded or an existing subcontracting plan is essay view, amended, the difference spontaneous generation contracting officer shall do the following: (a) Notify the SBA of the award by opposing sending a copy of the award document to the Area Director, Office of Government Contracting, in thesis warrant, the SBA area office where the view contract will be performed. (b) Forward a copy of each commercial plan and any associated approvals to the Area Director, Office of thesis warrant, Government Contracting, in the SBA area office where the contractor’s headquarters is located. (c) Give to the SBA procurement center representative (or, if a procurement center representative is argument opposing, not assigned, see 19.402(a)) a copy of (1) Any subcontracting plan submitted in difference between spontaneous generation, response to a sealed bid solicitation; and. (2) The final negotiated subcontracting plan that was incorporated into a negotiated contract or contract modification. (d) Notify the SBA procurement center representative (or, if a procurement center representative is not assigned, see 19.402(a)) of the opportunity to review subcontracting plans in connection with contract modifications. (e) Forward a copy of each plan, or a determination that there is no requirement for a subcontracting plan, to the cognizant contract administration office. (f) Monitor the opposing view prime contractor’s compliance with its subcontracting plan, to include the following: (1) Ensure that subcontracting reports are submitted into the eSRS within 30 days after the thesis statement obesity report ending date ( e.g ., by October 30th for the fiscal year ended September 30th). (2) Review ISRs, and where applicable, SSRs, in argument essay opposing view, eSRS within 60 days of the report ending date ( e.g ., by November 30th for a report submitted for the fiscal year ended September 30th). (3) Either acknowledge receipt of or reject the reports in accordance with subpart 19.7, 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan, and the eSRS instructions (www.esrs.gov).

(i) The authority to acknowledge or reject SSRs for commercial plans resides with the contracting officer who approved the commercial plan. (ii) If a report is rejected, the et organisation contracting officer must provide an explanation for the rejection to allow the prime contractor the opportunity to respond specifically to argument essay opposing view identified deficiencies. (g) Evaluate the prime contractor’s compliance with its subcontracting plan, to include the difference between spontaneous generation following: (1) Assess whether the prime contractor made a good faith effort to comply with its small business subcontracting plan (see 13 CFR 125.3(d)(3)). (2) Assess the prime contractor’s written explanation concerning the prime contractor's failure to use a small business concern in view, the performance of the contract in difference spontaneous generation, the same scope, amount, and opposing view quality used in organ research paper, preparing and submitting the bid or proposal, if applicable. (h) Initiate action to assess liquidated damages in accordance with 19.705-7 upon argument a recommendation by the administrative contracting officer or receipt of other reliable evidence to research paper indicate that such action is warranted. (i) Take action to enforce the essay opposing terms of the contract upon receipt of a good thesis statement, a notice under 19.706(f). (j) Acknowledge receipt of essay view, or reject the ISR and the SSR in the eSRS. Acknowledging receipt does not mean acceptance or approval of the report.

The report shall be rejected if it is not adequately completed, for instance, if there are errors, omissions, or incomplete data. Failure to quarterly essay reaction time meet the goals of the subcontracting plan is not a valid reason for rejecting the report. (a) Maximum practicable utilization of small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns as subcontractors in Government contracts is a matter of national interest with both social and economic benefits. When a contractor fails to argument essay opposing view make a good faith effort to comply with a subcontracting plan, these objectives are not achieved, and 15 U.S.C. 637(d)(4)(F) directs that liquidated damages shall be paid by claims the contractor. (b) The amount of argument view, damages attributable to the contractor’s failure to comply shall be an letter, amount equal to the actual dollar amount by which the view contractor failed to achieve each subcontracting goal. (c) If, at completion of the basic contract or any option, or in the case of a commercial plan, at the close of the fiscal year for research which the plan is applicable, a contractor has failed to meet its subcontracting goals, the contracting officer shall review all available information for an indication that the contractor has not made a good faith effort to comply with the plan. If no such indication is found, the contracting officer shall document the file accordingly. If the contracting officer decides in accordance with paragraph (d) of view, this subsection that the warrant contractor failed to make a good faith effort to comply with its subcontracting plan, the contracting officer shall give the argument contractor written notice specifying the failure, advising the essay time contractor of the possibility that the contractor may have to pay to the Government liquidated damages, and providing a period of 15 working days (or longer period as necessary) within which to respond.

The notice shall give the contractor an opportunity to demonstrate what good faith efforts have been made before the argument essay opposing contracting officer issues the final decision, and shall further state that failure of the contractor to respond may be taken as an admission that no valid explanation exists. (d) In determining whether a contractor failed to make a good faith effort to comply with its subcontracting plan, a contracting officer must look to the totality of the contractor’s actions, consistent with the information and assurances provided in its plan. The fact that the contractor failed to meet its subcontracting goals does not, in and of itself, constitute a failure to letter make a good faith effort. For example, notwithstanding a contractor’s diligent effort to identify and solicit offers from small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns, factors such as unavailability of anticipated sources or unreasonable prices may frustrate achievement of the essay view contractor’s goals. However, when considered in the context of the statement for childhood obesity contractor’s total effort in accordance with its plan, the following, though not all inclusive, may be considered as indicators of a failure to make a good faith effort: a failure to attempt to identify, contact, solicit, or consider for view contract award small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, or women-owned small business concerns; a failure to designate and maintain a company official to administer the subcontracting program and monitor and enforce compliance with the plan; a failure to submit the ISR, or the SSR, using the eSRS, or as provided in agency regulations; a failure to maintain records or otherwise demonstrate procedures adopted to a good obesity comply with the plan; or the adoption of company policies or procedures that have as their objectives the frustration of the objectives of the plan. (e) If, after consideration of all the pertinent data, the opposing view contracting officer finds that the contractor failed to make a good faith effort to comply with its subcontracting plan, the contracting officer shall issue a final decision to the contractor to that effect and require the payment of spontaneous, liquidated damages in an amount stated. The contracting officer’s final decision shall state that the contractor has the right to appeal under the clause in the contract entitled Disputes. (f) With respect to commercial plans approved under the clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan, the contracting officer that approved the plan shall (1) Perform the functions of the contracting officer under this subsection on behalf of all agencies with contracts covered by essay opposing view the commercial plan; (2) Determine whether or not the goals in a good for childhood, the commercial plan were achieved and, if they were not achieved, review all available information for an indication that the opposing view contractor has not made a good faith effort to comply with the plan, and document the results of the review; (3) If a determination is made to assess liquidated damages, in order to calculate and assess the amount of damages, the contracting officer shall ask the contractor to provide (i) Contract numbers for the Government contracts subject to the plan; (ii) The total Government sales during the contractor’s fiscal year; and. (iii) The amount of payments made under the Government contracts subject to that plan that contributed to the contractor’s total sales during the contractor’s fiscal year; and. (4) When appropriate, assess liquidated damages on the Government’s behalf, based on the pro rata share of subcontracting attributable to organ the Government contracts. For example: The contractor’s total actual sales were $50 million and its actual subcontracting was $20 million.

The Government’s total payments under contracts subject to argument the plan contributing to the contractor’s total sales were $5 million, which accounted for 10 percent of the contractor’s total sales. Therefore, the pro rata share of subcontracting attributable to thesis the Government contracts would be 10 percent of $20 million, or $2 million. To continue the opposing example, if the contractor failed to achieve its small business goal by 1 percent, the liquidated damages would be calculated as 1 percent of $2 million, or $20,000. The contracting officer shall make similar calculations for each category of small business where the contractor failed to achieve its goal and the sum of the dollars for all of the categories equals the amount of the liquidated damages to writing for jobs be assessed. A copy of the contracting officer’s final decision assessing liquidated damages shall be provided to other contracting officers with contracts subject to the commercial plan. (g) Liquidated damages shall be in opposing, addition to any other remedies that Government may have. (h) Every contracting officer with a contract that is claims, subject to a commercial plan shall include in the contract file a copy of the approved plan and a copy of the final decision assessing liquidating damages, if applicable. 19.706 Responsibilities of the cognizant administrative contracting officer.

The administrative contracting officer is essay, responsible for assisting in evaluating subcontracting plans, and for difference spontaneous monitoring, evaluating, and argument essay documenting contractor performance under the clause prescribed in 19.708(b) and any subcontracting plan included in the contract. The contract administration office shall provide the necessary information and advice to support the contracting officer, as appropriate, by writing cover letter furnishing (a) Documentation on argument essay opposing view the contractor’s performance and compliance with subcontracting plans under previous contracts; (b) Information on the extent to which the contractor is meeting the plan’s goals for subcontracting with eligible small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns; (c) Information on whether the contractor’s efforts to ensure the participation of organ research paper, small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and opposing women-owned small business concerns are in accordance with its subcontracting plan; (d) Information on thesis claims warrant whether the contractor is requiring its subcontractors to essay opposing view adopt similar subcontracting plans; (e) Immediate notice if, during performance, the contractor is failing to meet its commitments under the clause prescribed in 19.708(b) or the subcontracting plan; (f) Immediate notice and rationale if, during performance, the contractor is failing to thesis statement for childhood comply in argument essay view, good faith with the subcontracting plan; and. (g) Immediate notice that performance under a contract is complete, that the goals were or were not met, and, if not met, whether there is any indication of a lack of a good faith effort to comply with the subcontracting plan. 19.707 The Small Business Administration’s role in carrying out the program. (a) Under the program, the SBA may (1) Assist both Government agencies and contractors in carrying out their responsibilities with regard to subcontracting plans; (2) Review (within 5 working days) any solicitation that meets the dollar threshold in ntic et organisation dissertation, 19.702(a)(1) or (2) before the argument essay opposing view solicitation is writing cover, issued; (3) Review (within 5 working days) before execution any negotiated contractual document requiring a subcontracting plan, including the plan itself, and view submit recommendations to the contracting officer, which shall be advisory in nature; and. (4) Evaluate compliance with subcontracting plans, either on a contract-by-contract basis, or, in the case of contractors having multiple contracts, on thesis warrant an aggregate basis. (b) The SBA is not authorized to (1) Prescribe the extent to which any contractor or subcontractor shall subcontract, (2) Specify concerns to which subcontracts will be awarded, or. (3) Exercise any authority regarding the argument opposing administration of individual prime contracts or subcontracts.

(a) Insert the clause at for jobs, 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, in opposing, solicitations and contracts when the contract amount is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold unless (1) A personal services contract is contemplated (see 37.104); or. (2) The contract, together with all of its subcontracts, will be performed entirely outside of the United States and claims its outlying areas. (b)(1) Insert the clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan, in solicitations and contracts that offer subcontracting possibilities, are expected to exceed $700,000 ($1.5 million for essay opposing view construction of any public facility), and are required to include the clause at 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, unless the acquisition is ian lowe quarterly, set aside or is to be accomplished under the argument essay 8(a) program. Research! When (i) Contracting by sealed bidding rather than by negotiation, the contracting officer shall use the clause with its Alternate I; (ii) Contracting by essay opposing view negotiation, and subcontracting plans are required with initial proposals as provided for in 19.705-2(d), the time contracting officer shall use the essay opposing view clause with its Alternate II; (iii) The contract action will not be reported in the Federal Procurement Data System pursuant to 4.606(c)(5), or (c)(6), the essay time contracting officer shall use the clause with its Alternate III; or. (iv) Incorporating a subcontracting plan due to argument essay a modification as provided for in 19.702(a)(3), the contracting officer shall use the difference spontaneous clause with its Alternate IV.

(2) Insert the clause at 52.219-16, Liquidated DamagesSubcontracting Plan, in argument opposing, all solicitations and contracts containing the clause at organ, 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan, or the clause with its Alternate I, II, III, or IV. (c)(1) The contracting officer may, when contracting by negotiation, insert in solicitations and contracts a clause substantially the same as the clause at 52.219-10, Incentive Subcontracting Program, when a subcontracting plan is required (see 19.702), and view inclusion of a monetary incentive is, in ntic et organisation dissertation, the judgment of the contracting officer, necessary to increase subcontracting opportunities for small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns, and is commensurate with the opposing efficient and economical performance of the contract; unless the difference spontaneous conditions in paragraph (c)(3) of this section are applicable. The contracting officer may vary the terms of the clause as specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section. (2) Various approaches may be used in the development of small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns’ subcontracting incentives. They can take many forms, from a fully quantified schedule of payments based on actual subcontract achievement to an award-fee approach employing subjective evaluation criteria (see paragraph (c)(3) of this section).

The incentive should not reward the contractor for results other than those that are attributable to the contractor’s efforts under the incentive subcontracting program. (3) As specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, the contracting officer may include small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business subcontracting as one of the factors to be considered in determining the award fee in a cost-plus-award-fee contract; in such cases, however, the contracting officer shall not use the clause at 52.219-10, Incentive Subcontracting Program.

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andromda resume Ephraim F. Sudit. ADDRESS:#9;#9;#9; 500 East 77th Street, #231. New York, New York 10162. TELEPHONE:#9; Home: (212) 249-9476. Office: (201) 648-5241. PERSONAL STATUS: Married, One Child, U.S. Citizen. AREAS OF RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONAL INTEREST: Management Accounting. Tax Accounting.

Cost-benefit Analysis. Managerial Economics. Productivity-based Management. Total Quality Management. Quality-Efficiency Relations. Cost of Quality, Productivity Measurement, Productivity Accounting. Production Decisions Under Uncertainty.

Technological Flexibility, Productivity and Cost Studies, Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures. Budgeting and Zero-Base Budgeting. Pricing and Transfer Pricing. Cost and Production Decisions in Government and Regulated Industries. Taxation of Business Entities and its Effects on Production Decisions. Negotiations and Group Decisions. Power seeking Managerial Behavior. Argument Essay! Use of Competitive Intelligence for between spontaneous generation Decision Support. Internet Accounting.

Ph.D. in argument essay, Economics, New York University , October 1973. M.B.A., Columbia University , October 1967. B.A., Hebrew University , Economics and Political Sciences, July 1966. Rutgers University, Graduate School of Management. Ian Lowe Quarterly Time! Professor of Management 1987 to date #9; Associate Professor of Management 1979 to 1987. Assistant Professor of Management 1976 to 1979. Associate Director - Business Research Center 1978-84. Argument! Associate Director - Ph.D. in Management Program 1985-87. Acting Chair, Accounting Information Systems 1987-88. Director, MBA Program in Professional Accounting 1995 to date. MBA Courses Taught: Accounting for Managers, Management Accounting.

Tax Aspects of Business Decisions Taxation of Business Entities, Financial Accounting, Management Accounting, Managerial Economics, Aggregate Economics, Interfunctional Management, Productivity-Based Management* (with Ali Dogramaci and Ali Chaudry). Ph.D. Courses Taught: Contemporary Issues in Financial Accounting*, Advanced Management Accounting*, Advanced Topics in Microeconomic Analysis* (with David Whitcomb). #9; Executive MBA Courses Taught: Managerial Economics, Management Accounting, Managerial Economics and Management Accounting (An Integrated Course), Accounting for Managers I II* (with Dan Palmon). #9;#9; Professional Accounting Program: Taxation I II (With Jay Soled). Undergraduate Accounting Program: Cost Accounting. Columbia University, Graduate School of Business, 1977-90. Visiting Professor of Business (part-time) Teaching in Executive programs. Ecole Normale Superieure , Paris, France, 1990.

Visiting Professor - Seminars on Productivity Analysis. Manhattan Institute of Management, 1984-86. Teaching Financial Management. International Paper Company, 1982-83. Teaching Executive Seminars in difference spontaneous generation, Cost Accounting.

ATT Long Lines, 1978-79. Argument Opposing View! Executive Seminars in Regulatory Economics and Accounting. State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1968-69. Instructor of Economics. Teaching: Introductory and intermediate courses in Economics.

Additive Nonhomogeneous Production Functions in Telecommunications. The Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science , Autumn 1973. Externality Production Functions. (with David K. Whitcomb) In A. S. Ntic! Lyn, ed. Theory and Measurement of Economic Externalities , New York: Academic Press, 1976. The Energy Crisis from a Game Theory Viewpoint. Argument Opposing! (with M.F.

Shakun and Y. Thesis! Kinberg). SCIMA-Journal of Management Science and Applied Cybernetics Vol. 5, Nos.1 2, 1976. Alternative Measures of Total Factor Productivity in Telecommunications. Proceedings of a Symposium on essay view Productivity , Teleglobe Canada, Montreal, May 1977. Educational Radio Program on Inflation, with W. Sodie and R. Ntic Et Organisation Du Travail! Alexander, WCTC New Brunswick , New Jersey, Spring 1978. Luigi Pasinetti's Lectures on opposing view the Theory of ian lowe reaction time Production, (a book review). Journal of Finance , September 1978. Successive Retention of Funds, Loan Profitability and Marketing Implications in Banking. (with Y. Kinberg), Journal of Banking and Finance , October 1978. Goal/Value Analysis of Mandatory Retirement in a Situational Normativism framework. (with M.F.

Shakun) Management Science , October 1978. Energy Buffer Stock Decisions in Game Situations. (with Y. Kingberg and M. F. Shakun). TIMS Studies in argument essay, the Management Science , December 10, 1978. The Roots of Our Meager Prospects. The New York Times , December 10, 1978. Economic Efficiency Measures in Retentive and Expansive Marketing of Financial Services. (with H. Thesis For Childhood Obesity! S. Jagpal), Industrial Marketing Management , December 1978. View! Production-Cost Elasticities in Product and research, Factor Markets: The Case of Telecommunications. Argument Essay Opposing View! (with D. Eldor and C. H. Shami). Journal of Economics and Business , February 1979. The Measurement of Advertising Interactions in for jobs, Sales Response Functions. (with H. S. Jagpal and H. D. Vinod).

Journal of view Advertising Research , June 1979. Telecommunications, CES Production Function: A Reply. (with D. Eldor and H. Reaction Time! D. Vinod). Applied Economics , June 1979. Total Factor Productivity and Automatic Rate Adjustment Processes in Public Utility Regulation. in Crew, M. A., ed. Argument Essay! Problems in Public Utility Economics , Lexington Books, August, 1979. Theory and Measurement of Joint Marketing Mix Affects and.

Interactions in thesis statement, Multi-product Firms. (with H. S. Jagpal). Proceedings of the American Marketing Association , August 1979. Structuring the International Marketplace for Maximum Socio-Economic Benefits from Space Industrialization. (with W. A. Good, G. S. Robinson and M. F. Shakun). International Symposium on Space Economics and Benefits , Hamburg, West Germany, September 1979. Country/Service Bundling in International Tourism: Criteria for the Selection of an Efficient Bundle Mix and Allocation of Joint Revenues. (with Y. Kinberg).

Journal of International Business Studies , Fall 1979. Incentives for essay opposing view Efficiencies in the Nationalized Industries: Beyond the 1978 White Paper. (with M. C. Crew and P. R. Kleindorfer). Ian Lowe! Journal of Industrial Affairs , Fall 1979. Hidden Economic Cost Associated with Low Job and Income Security Policy. (with Myriam Sudit). American Institute for Decision Sciences Proceedings , New Orleans, November 1977. Optimal Allocation of essay Sales Between Spot and Package Demand Uncertainty. (with Y. Kinberg and A. Rao). Management Science , September 1980. Productivity-Based Net Income Analysis. (with D. Eldor).

Omega-The International Journal of Management Science , Vol. Ian Lowe Reaction! 9, No. 6. 1981. Methodological Issues in Aggregate Productivity Analysis. (with N. Finger). In A. Dogramaci and N. Argument Opposing! Adam eds. Difference Spontaneous! Aggregate -Industry Level Productivity Analysis , Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, 1981.

Labor Market Equilibria Under Limited Liability. Essay Opposing! (with I. Brick). J ournal of Economic and Business , Volume 34, No. 1., 1982. Selective Sequential Zero Base Budgeting Procedures Based on Total Factor Productivity Indicators. (with A. Ishikawa) Management Science , May 1981. Economies of Scale in Telecommunications: A Further Reply, (with D. Eldor and H. D. Vinod). Applied Economics , June 1981. Cover Letter! Measuring Dynamic Marketing Mix Interactions Using Translog. Functions. (with H. S. Jagpal and argument essay opposing view, H. D. Vinod). Journal of Business , June 1982. Alternative Specifications of Returns to Scale and Joint Estimations of Factor Demand and Production Functions in Telecommunications. (with D. Eldor).

Review of Business and Economic Research , Fall 1982. Effectiveness Productivity and Design of Purposeful Systems: The Profit Making Case. (with M. Shakun) International Journal of General Systems , 1983, Volume 9. The Role of writing cover letter for jobs Comparative Productivity Accounting in Export. Decisions. Journal of International Business Studies , Spring/Summer 1984. The Federal Budget Deficits: What is Fair for Future Generations? New York Times , October 12, 1984. Productivity Based Management Kluwer Nijhoff Publishing, Boston, 1984. Essay View! Alternative Productivity-Based Forms of Regulation: The Case of ntic et organisation du travail Telecommunications. (with M.A.

Chaudry). in A. Dogramaci ed. Current Issues in Productivity , Kluwer Nijhoff Publishing, Fall, 1985. Application of Production Standards in argument essay, Complex Organizations Under Uncertainty (with S.A. Ravid). Journal of Economics and Business , Fall 1986. Competitive Intelligence and Strategic Group Decision: A New Diagnostic Tool (with B. Gilad and G. Gordon) Group Decisions and Negotiations , Vol.1 No.1, April 1992. Treatment of Intelligence Spots and Blind Spots (with B. Gilad and G. Gordon) Long Range Planning , December 1993.

Power Seeking Managers, Profitable Dividends, and cover letter, Financing Decisions. Argument Essay Opposing View! (With S.A. Ravid), Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , October 1994. Full Cost, Variable Cost and difference generation, Competitive Pricing Practices by U.S. Manufacturers (With E.S.Shim), Management Accounting , February 1995. (This paper won the Certificate of Merit Award 1993 -1994 by the Institute of Management Accounting) . Productivity Measurement in Industrial Operations European Journal of Operational Research , September 1995. RESEARCH IN PROGRESS: Efficiency, Effectiveness and Quality. Argument Opposing View! (Research Monograph). Kluwer Publishing Inc.

Accounting for Capital Inputs . (Research Monograph). Rutgers Series in Accounting, Markus Weiner Publishing Inc. (In Progress) Technological Flexibility and Productivity Measures (With Alex Kogan) (In Progress). Employee Ownership and et organisation du travail dissertation, Managerial Power (With Avri Ravid) (In Progress) Productivity, Price Uncertainty and Negotiated Prices (In Progress). Setting Production Standards Based on Partial Productivity Indexes when Explicit Aggregate Production Functions are Unknown (In Progress) Prospective Economic characteristics of Integrated Broadband Network Facilities and their Regulatory Implications. (Unpublished Paper), 1989. Simulation Internal Marketization of Corporate Decision Making as a Normative Planning Framework for Complex Organizations. (Unpublished Paper), 1977. Opposing! Guidelines for thesis warrant Productivity Based Budget Analysis, American Telephone and Telegraph Company. (proprietary) 1976. Minimal Required Policies for Safeguarding Smooth Long Term Economic Growth. (With W. G. Mellon). (Selected as the Finalist paper for argument opposing view the 1977 Mitchell Prize Competition). Patterns of between generation Telephone and Telegraph Expenditures in the U.S. View! (unpublished paper), 1974.

Bell System Productivity Study 1948-1972, American Telephone and Telegraph Co., (proprietary 1973). Decentralization of Corporate Planning, 1971 (Awarded Second Prize by the North American Society for cover Corporate Planning). Argument Essay View! PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY AT RUTGERS: Accounting Educational Change Team - 1990-95. Accounting Recruitment Committee - 1993-95. GSM By-Laws Committee - GSM, 1994-95.

Executive Committee - Graduate School Newark, 1993-95. MBA Policy Committee - GSM, 1993-94. Quarterly Essay Reaction Time! University Grievances Committee, Newark Campus, 1993-94. Faculty Workload Committee - GSM 1993-94. Scholastic Standing Committee, GSM, 1991-92. Appointments and Promotions Committee - GSM, 1984-88. Committee Chair 1987-88. Ph.D.

Executive Committee - GSM, 1984 to opposing, date. Ph.D. Policy Committee - GSM, 1984 to date. Chair, Search Committee for the Von Minden Chair in Accounting - GSM, 1987. Executive MBA Committee - GSM, 1984-85. Research Resources Committee - GSM, 1982-84. University Grievances Committee - Newark Campus, 1984. Scholastic Standing Committee - GSM, 1979-83. Library Committee - GSM, 1978- 81.

PRESENTATIONS AT PROFESSIONAL MEETINGS: A Model for Analyzing Bank Product Mix Profitability: A Case of Jointly Consumed Sets of Product.(With Y. Kinberg). Presented at the TIMS meetings , Las Vegas, November 1975. The impact of Indexation of Monetary Assets and Obligations on the Banking System: A Game Theory Approach. (With Y. Kinberg). Presented at TIMS meetings , Philadelphia, March 1976. A Model for dissertation the Promotion of Long Term Right of Use Packages in the Tourism Industry. (With Y. Kinberg). Presented at the TIMS meetings , Athens, Greece, July.

Design of Health Management Policies Based on the Use of argument essay opposing view Job and Income Security as Indication Measures of Certain Health Parameters. (With Myriam Sudit). Presented at the TIMS meetings , Athens, Greece, July 1977. Discussant in a seminar on Productivity Measurement in Regulated Industries, University of Wisconsin , Madison, Wisconsin, May 1979. Future Development of the Aerospace Transport System. Ntic Et Organisation Du Travail! (With W. A. Goods, G. S. Robinson and M. F. Argument Essay Opposing View! Shakun). Presented at the TIMS meetings , Hawaii, June 1979. Issues in Intergenerational Equity. (With W. G. Mellon). Presented at writing letter for jobs the TIMS meetings , Hawaii, June 1979. Productivity-Based Budgeting.

Presented at a seminar on Budgeting and Financial Analysis at the Faculty of Applied Economics, University of Aix-Marseille , France, April 1980. Argument Essay Opposing View! Efficiency and Effectiveness in the Design of Purposeful Systems. (With M. F. Shakun). Presented at ian lowe essay reaction TIMS/ORSA Meetings at Colorado Springs, November 1980. A revised version presented at the University of Paris-Dauphine , June 1981. The Role of Productivity Accounting in Foreign Trade Decisions on the Firm Level. Presented at a Conference on Productivity at Rutgers University , April 1981.

Effectiveness, Productivity and the Design of Purposeful Systems: The Profit Making Case. Argument Opposing View! (With M. Et Organisation Dissertation! F. Argument Opposing! Shakun). TIMS/ORSA Meeting at writing cover letter San Diego, October 1982, and at the University of Paris-Duaphine , April 1982. Alternative Productivity-Based Forms of Regulation: The case of Telecommunications. (With A. Chaudry). Presented at a Conference on Productivity, Cornell University , Ithica, New York, November 1982. Determination of Productivity Standards Under Uncertainty. (With S.A. Ravid), Presented at a Conference on Current Issues in Productivity, Rutgers University , December 1983. Determination of Profit Maximizing Standards for a Competitive Risk-Neutral Firm Under Price Uncertainty. (With S.A.

Ravid). American Accounting Association, Annual Meeting , Toronto, August 1984. Planning for Efficient and Effective Production in Decentralized Organizations under Uncertainty. TIMS/ORSA Meetings , Boston, April 29 - May 1, 1985. On the role of Managerial Power in Economic Decisions (with S.A. Ravid) TIMS/ORSA meetings , Los Angeles, April 1986. Analysis of Interdependent Efficiency Variances. (With Soong Park).

American Accounting Association (Mid Atlantic Regional Meeting) , New Brunswick, May 1986. Productivity-Based Planning Allowing for Production Interdependencies. (With Soong Park). TIMS/ORSA meetings , Miami, Florida, October 1986. Effects of Managerial Quest for argument essay Power on Production Decisions. Claims! (With S.A. Ravid). Western Economic Association Meetings , Vancouver, Canada, July 1987. Productivity-Based 'Price Cap' Regulation in argument essay opposing, Telecommunication: The Current Debate. (With A. Generation! Chaudry).

Productivity Conference, Rutgers University , December 1987. Patterns of Sharing and Usage of Business Intelligence in U.S. Corporations. (With B. Gilad and G. Argument Essay Opposing! Gordon), Rutgers Management Conference , April 1988. The Role of Managerial Power in Economics and Financial Decisions. (With S.A. Ravid). SABE Conference on Behavioral Economics , San Diego, June 1988. Use of claims Fatal Factor Productivity Analysis as a Decision Support System for Strategic Planning in Banking. (With W.G. Mellon) TIMS/ORSA meetings , Paris, July 1988. Prospective Economic Characteristics of Integrated Broadband Network Facilities and their Regulatory Implications.

Seminar on Integrated Broadband Networks, Columbia University , September 1988. Total Factor Productivity Based Decision Models TIMS/ORSA Meetings , Osaka, Japan, July 1989. Rutgers' Accounting Education Change Proposal Senior Faculty Consortium Program American Accounting Association Scottsdale, Arizona, June 1991. Essay! Productivity, Price Uncertainty, and Negotiated Prices. Atlantic Economic Conference , Philadelphia, October 1993. Full Cost, Variable Cost, and Competitive Pricing Practices by U.S. Manufacturers, (With E. S. Cover Letter! Shim), Atlantic Economic Conference , Philadelphia, October 1993. Group Decisions and argument, Negotiation in statement, Tax Planning, ORSA/TIMS Joint National Meetings , Phoenix, Arizona, November 1993.

OTHER PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES: Reviewing Papers for: Management Science, Journal of Economics and. Business, Journal of International Business. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Journal of Information Systems, IEEE Transactions, Journal of argument essay opposing view Productivity Analysis, Operations Research, European Journal of Operational Research. Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of Economics and Business , 1979-84. Associate Editor, Journal of Productivity Analysis , 1988 to Date. Member, Editorial Board, Group Decisions and Negotiations 1990 to date. Chaired a session on the Design of Purposeful Systems at the TIMS meetings in Athens, Greece, July 1977. Chaired sessions on Policy Formulations in organ, Energy Management. and Decision Models in Tourism and Travel in TIMS/ORSA. Argument Opposing! meetings in New York City. Ian Lowe Essay Reaction Time! Chaired session on Futurism in opposing, TIMS/ORSA meetings in Honolulu, Hawaii, June 1979.

Co-chaired session on Productivity in organ research paper, TIMS/ORSA meetings in Colorado Springs, Nov. 1980. Member, Committee for Visiting Lecturers, TIMS/ORSA , 1981. Co-chaired session on Productivity in TIMS/ORSA meeting in San Diego, October 1982. Management Accounting Coordinator, National Association of Accountants , 1984-90. Faculty Associate, Research Program in Telecommunications and Information Policy, Columbia University , 1984 to date. Chaired Session in Economics and Game Theory in April 1986. TIMS/ORSA meeting in Los Angeles. Evaluation of a Self-Study of the essay opposing view, Performance of Department of Economics and Accounting, Lehman College, City University of New York . American Accounting Association. A Good Statement For Childhood! American Economic Association. Essay View! The Institute of thesis claims Management Science.

AWARDS AND GRANTS: Recipient of a 1994 grant from the Center of National Automated Information Retrieval for the Rutgers Accounting Web (RAW) project (With Miklos Vasarhelyi, Alexander Kogan, and Bob Schlosser. Certificate of argument view Merit 1993 -1994 - Institute of difference between generation Management Accounting . Argument Essay! Member of a GSM accounting team who received a 1990 grant from the writing letter, Accounting Educational Change Commission to implement educational changes in Rutgers' Professional Accounting MBA Program. Merit Awards for Excellence in Teaching and Research, GSM, Rutgers University . June 1983 June 1985. Towards an Integrated Economic Theory of Limited Growth, 1977 with W. Argument Essay! G. Mellon. Selected as a finalist paper in the 1977 Mitchell prize competition for Projects on Alternatives to Growth. Second prize on difference spontaneous generation a paper titled Democratization of 1971 Corporate Planning, at the North American Society for Corporate Planning , 1971 contest of papers, Montreal Canada. VISITING RESEARCH AND CONSULTING EXPERIENCE: Columbia University - Center for Telecommunication and Information Studies , Faculty/Research Fellow, 1984 to date. Ecole Normale Superieure , Paris, France. Conducting Research on Productivity in Service Industries.

June, September 1990. Bell Communications Research , Consulting on Business Plans, Performance Measures, and Productivity Improvement and Cost Reduction Methods. 1988-90. View! American Telephone and Telegraph Company, Consulting on Cost Planning and Cost Control in Marketing, 1987. New Jersey Bell Telephone Company , Consulting on Productivity and Cost Issues.

1980-86. International Paper Company , Consulting on Cost Accounting and Productivity Issues. 1981 to 1982. University of Aix-Marseille , Research on difference between spontaneous Productivity-Based Management Practices in French Public Enterprises. 1980. American Telephone and Telegraph Company , Consulting on argument opposing Productivity, Technical Change and Market Structure Issues, Chase Manhattan Bank , Consulting on measurements and ian lowe quarterly reaction, analysis of total factor productivity in banking operations. Applications to budget analysis, 1977. Government of Israel , Systems Analysis and Cost Benefit Analysis in Public Enterprises. American Accounting Association , Writing cases in application of argument essay opposing Operation Research and Economic models and principles to thesis statement obesity, Accounting problems for a proposed. curriculum in Management Accounting, 1967.

Columbia University , Collecting and analyzing motivational marketing data in the framework of Buyer Behavior models, 1967. Hebrew University , Research Assistant, Collection and analysis of opposing view data about bargaining and formation of coalitions in local government for empirical testing of game-theoretic models, 1964-65. The Chase Manhattan Bank - The Trust Department , 1975-76. Staff Executive - Strategic Planning and Marketing (V.P. Level) Strategic Planning, Budgeting, Cost Analysis, Transfer Pricing, New Product Development. American Telephone and Telegraph Company , 1969-75, District Manager - Regulatory Research. 1974-1975. Evaluating and conducting research related to issues of competition and cross-subsidization in private line services.

Intensive work in area of network modeling. District Manager - Productivity Studies . Organ Research Paper! 1970-1974. Productivity Accounting. Essay Opposing View! Conducting productivity studies, production function and cost function studies. Research! Consulting various divisions on cost and productivity analysis. District Manager - Business Analysis. 1969-1970. Studies of the impact of macroeconomic policies on the Telecommunications Industry and the Bell System. Celanese Corporation , 1969. Cost benefit analysis of argument opposing view individual projects.

Budget analysis of corporate overhead costs.

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Examples Of Core Values Of An Organization Essays and Research Papers. ?Importance of Core Values The core values ??of a person are characteristics that define that . Essay View! person. Everyone should know clearly what are their core values ??and why they have it. The values ??of a person are formed throughout his life and suffer external influences from family, friends, teachers and the society in which that individual grew. Ntic Et Organisation Dissertation! The core values ??of people show who they really are and argument guide their choices throughout their lives. As Gandhi once said: “Your beliefs become your. English-language films , Integrity , Philosophy of life 1046 Words | 3 Pages. type of ian lowe essay organization , VISA, which now dominates financial transactions across the world with a seamless service?

Vision, mission . core values , which are aligned through all recruitment, training, controls and decision making. Opposing! Developing a vision, mission and values is the foundation for long term success. If a vision and mission is recognized by difference generation all stakeholders and argument opposing view affects every hiring, strategic decision and communication; its effect can be magic. Developing a vision, mission and values is between generation a serious. Business terms , Future , Mission statement 1717 Words | 5 Pages. Family is my most important core value . Family brings out the opposing, best and worst in each of us. As we yield to and serve others we . Ian Lowe Quarterly Essay Reaction! learn to love them and ourselves in the process.

Many of view us could never approach this form of selflessness in any other way. Thesis! I believe having my family as my core value will allow my life to be great because I have a strong support system surrounding me. My mom is a great example of someone who admires the meaning family. It has helped her through the toughest parts of argument opposing view her. 2008 albums , Family , Friendship 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of organ research Values in Organizations.

Your values are the core of what your organization is and what your organization cherishes. . Values are beliefs that manifest in how an essay opposing view, employee interacts in thesis for childhood, a workplace. Values represent an employee's most significant commitments to what he or she finds most important in life. ( Values are also known as core values and as governing values ; they all refer to the same sentiment.) Value statements are developed from your values and define how people want to behave with each other in the organization. Business , Culture , Employment 1758 Words | 6 Pages. Integrity is a character trait. It is the argument essay, willingness to do what is right even when no one is looking. Integrity is the very fiber of all . core values , without it all other core values cannot prevail. It is the cornerstone for all that is research paper moral and just in our society. It is more than simple honesty. Argument Essay Opposing! It embraces other attributes such as courage, responsibility, accountability, justice, openness, self-respect, and humility. Practically, it involves keeping commitments, being sincere, being honest. English-language films , Integrity , Morality 1217 Words | 4 Pages.

Ethics/ Core Values Professor: Charlie 10 June 2013 Recently we took an assessment in ntic et organisation, class which had . no correct or incorrect answers the purpose was to see the difference in others core values . I will discuss each scenario in length to discuss core values from my perspective as well as the authors. Core values are the fundamental beliefs of a person or organization . The core values are the guiding principles that dictate behavior and action. Core values can help people. Business ethics , Ethics , Integrity 1328 Words | 7 Pages. Fundamental Core Values If I start a new company, I would like to build 5 core values into the . business: 1. Respect each other 2. Given responsibility 3. Building trust 4. Argument View! We bring happiness and safety to difference spontaneous generation, others 5. Understanding our goal and argument opposing our mission. Let’s achieve them together. Respect Each Other When I talk about statement obesity respect each other, I mean everyone on this earth: colleagues, our customers or clients, homeless, disabled, etc. Essay Opposing! We have to respect each other in quarterly reaction, the company because.

2008 singles , 2009 singles , Core issues in argument view, ethics 921 Words | 3 Pages. Universal or Core Ethical Values Trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and citizenship ? are six . Cover! core ethical values . Using core ethical values as the basis for view ethical thinking can help detect situations where we focus so hard on upholding one value that we sacrifice another ? eg we are loyal to friends and organ paper so do not always tell the truth about essay view their actions. 1. TRUSTWORTHINESS Trustworthiness concerns a variety of behavioral qualities ? honesty, integrity, reliability. Ethics , Integrity , Morality 1434 Words | 5 Pages. CEOs Should Know About Corporate Core Values Posted by on September 4, 2012 Organizational core . Thesis Statement For Childhood Obesity! values are a primary determinant of culture, employee satisfaction and argument opposing view business performance.

This article addresses six core value topics that CEOs and business executives should know about. The Six Topics Below is the core value list: * Core values are the building blocks of organizational culture. * The process of defining, measuring, and improving core values can be an excellent vehicle for. Business ethics , Culture , Integrity 1452 Words | 5 Pages. to illuminate about core brand values of du travail one company. Core brand values helps a company to opposing view, grow in writing cover, . the market. It is argument essay opposing very important to build core brand values in order to ian lowe time, maintain competition. Big companies such as Google has developed their core brand values that other companies in the same market are not even close to give them a competition. The author is going to explain Google's core brand values to illustrate the importance of this topic. Introduction: Core Brand values are theory that explains. Company , Employment , The Core 570 Words | 5 Pages.

Leadership Values: To Articulate and Exemplify the Organization's Core Values. exemplify the argument essay opposing, organization's core values . These values must be clear, compelling, and repeated. The leader must . both walk the paper, talk and essay inspire his/her colleagues within the organization to also live these values . Values are at the core of individual, group or organizational identity. Values are relatively enduring conceptions or judgments about what is considered to writing cover for jobs, be important to an organization . Agreement between personal and argument essay opposing view organizational values result in shared values which constitute the benchmarking. Ethics , Integrity , Leader 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Core values and beliefs: Coca-Cola has the most valuable brand name in the world, and as one of the most visible companies . worldwide. The culture of it is defined by the seven core values : leadership, the courage to shape a better future; passion, Committed in heart and mind; Leverage collective genius; integrity, be real; collaboration, diversity, as inclusive as our brands; quality, what we do, we do well; and claims warrant accountability.

The central promise is to essay opposing, refresh the world in mind, body, and spirit. Coca-Cola , Culture , Human rights 904 Words | 3 Pages. Tamneicha Mcdavid Prof.Beck ENC 1101 July 30, 2009 Example Essay My Core Values As I have grown as an adult . and spontaneous generation moved further towards success in my life, I have always maintained a guided structure to achieve goals and essay tasks that challenge me. Et Organisation Dissertation! I call these my “ Core Values ”. This is a strict regimen or a belief system that I have instilled into my everyday practice to complete any task that presents itself. Although not perfected, I have found this method to be quite successful. My work ethic.

Mother , Sociology , Success 984 Words | 3 Pages. ?This assignment will discuss the core values that underpin social and health service delivery and will compare the current . health service provision with health care services at the inception of the NHS. The NHS has seven core values that aim to ensure that quality care is delivered to everyone regardless of their gender, religion, race, age, wealth or sexual orientation. These values have been developed by the general public, patients and staff, with local authorities having to develop and argument opposing view adapt. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1500 Words | 4 Pages. ARMY CORE VALUES LDRSHIP is the acronym which stands for: Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and research paper . Personal Courage LOYALTY: Bear true faith and allegiance to the US Constitution, the Army, your unit, and other soldiers.

Be loyal to the nation and argument essay opposing view its heritage. Loyalty is a two-way street: you should not expect loyalty without being prepared to give it as well. The loyalty of difference between spontaneous your people is a gift they give you when, and only when, you deserve it— when you train them well. Core issues in ethics , Courage , Ethics 941 Words | 3 Pages. Human Rights vs. Core Values The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Saint Leo University’s Core . Values are very different. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights outlines every citizen’s right to argument essay opposing, choose how they want to live.

Saint Leo University’s Core Values explain how they expect their students and spontaneous generation faculty to behave as far as the argument essay, school is involved but these values are not necessarily carried over into every-day life by du travail dissertation people. There is a big difference between given rights that. Education , French Revolution , Human rights 1033 Words | 3 Pages. ? A unique ability that a company acquires from its founders or develops and that cannot be easily imitated. Core competencies are what give a . company one or more competitive advantages, in creating and delivering value to its customers in its chosen field. Every core competency is regarded as capability but every capability is not regarded as a core competency because of opposing its: 1. Relevance: Firstly, the competence must give your customer something that strongly influences him or her to choose your. Competence , Core business , Core competency 915 Words | 3 Pages. The Significance of Core Values in Out Lives. the course of a lifetime are very much influenced by the events that we experience and du travail dissertation because of argument opposing view this, some individuals have positive core . values whereas others have more pessimistic ones. Writing Cover Letter! Nonetheless, our core values shape who we are and how we live our lives. Personally, when I think of my core values one value in particular stands out in my mind.

This value can be summarized by opposing the statement “I am not good enough or I am inadequate”. In many ways this statement is very broad and can encompass. Anger , Debut albums , High school 1126 Words | 3 Pages. Starbuck's Value Alignment BUS 475 Starbuck's Value Alignment Aligning organizational values with the . Difference Spontaneous! organization’s actual plans and actions provides a formula for argument essay success. Ian Lowe Quarterly Essay Reaction! Decisions made through the planning process are more effective if the argument view, values of the research, organization are a part of the process. The values of Starbucks are the core of argument opposing view daily operations of the organization . Oftentimes, organizational values are aligned with the personal values of the customers, defining the social responsibility. Coffee , Coffee culture , Coffeehouse 1113 Words | 4 Pages.

Learning Team A- Value Alignment Paper BUS/475- Integrated Business Topics February 4th, 2013 Jon Mitchell Learning Team A- . Value Alignment Paper **INTRO** Origins and subsequent evolution of your personal and between workplace values There are many values and ethics that go into creating a successful and profitable workplace. Opposing View! Many companies adopt their personal values into the workplace to warrant, help aide in the daily task that needs to argument essay, be completed. Adopting personal values into workplace help set. 1979 World Rally Championship season , Alignment , Ford Focus 799 Words | 3 Pages. Value of Business Organization in Society. TITLE: The value of business organization creates society. Identify, summarize and discuss arguments against business. . INSTRUCTOR: TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0. Introduction 1.1. What is business? 1.2. Forms of business 2.0.

Negative effect/impact of essay time business. 3.0. Conclusion 4.0. References 1.0. Introduction The role and impact of business organizations in any society.

Business , Business law , Company 1565 Words | 7 Pages. Core Competencies and Competitive Advantages. Core Competencies A core competency is a concept in management theory originally advocated by CK Prahalad, and essay Gary Hamel, two . A Good For Childhood Obesity! business book writers. Essay Opposing! In their view a core competency is a specific factor that a business sees as being central to between, the way it, or its employees, works. It fulfills three key criteria: 1. It is not easy for competitors to imitate. 2. It can be re-used widely for argument essay opposing many products and markets. 3. It must contribute to the end consumer's experienced benefits. C.K. Prahalad. Business , C. K. Prahalad , Core competency 1693 Words | 7 Pages.

Define Values . Critically evalutae “Allport – Vernon” Classification of values . Organ Research Paper! How values affect the argument essay, Business . processes. Values : According to writing cover, Milton Rokeach 1973, Values represent basic convictions that 'a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of argument essay opposing conduct or end-state of existence'. Value system : A hierachy based on a ranking of an individual's values in terms of thesis warrant their intensity Types of values include ethical/moral. Aesthetics , Culture , Human behavior 721 Words | 3 Pages. Values Reflection Paper By Kimberly Moore CJA 474 /Managing Criminal Justice Personnel Week One Assignment Due . January 28th, 2013 Instructor: Mark Weissmann This value reflections paper will identify my core values as an individual. It will explain how people in general acquire values and change their values also.

I will explain what values do for essay view people and to people. The value reflections paper will explain the nature and the. Culture , Family , Integrity 712 Words | 3 Pages. Developing a Values Statement: CANPO. Hsm 230 values Developing a Values Statement The steps for developing a values statement are similar to any . major planning activity. First, decide who should be involved. Leadership, board members, and at least representatives of all stakeholder groups are important in order to contribute different perspectives to the process. Organ Research Paper! Because a major challenge that human service organizations face is the “growing diversity of society,” the participation of members who represent gender, race/ethnicity. A value , Culture , Integrity 902 Words | 3 Pages. Assessing Your Organization S Value.

Assessing Your Organization’s Value Anita LaGrone COM/310 December 01.2014 Mary Lee Cunill Assessing Your Organization’s Value . Is your organization infected? Do your organization collaborates, share information, and essay view helps each other? There are so many companies that are quick to say they are invested in their employees, however if it does not show their everyday activities, the between, culture will soon reflect it. Therefore, finding the person to fit for argument essay view your organization cultural can be a challenging. Hospital , Immune system , Organization 1258 Words | 7 Pages. THE CHANGING ORGANIZATION Our world is filled with organizations . We put our children into spontaneous generation, day-care . organizations . Argument Essay Opposing! We work at for-profit or not-for-profit organizations . We rely on organizations to deliver the services we need: food, water, electricity, and sanitation. We depend on health organizations when we are sick. We use religious organizations to ian lowe quarterly, help our spiritual lives. We assume that most of argument our children’s education will be delivered by formal educational organizations . In other words. Change , Management , Non-profit organization 920 Words | 4 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Discuss whether an organization might be better considered as consisting of many . Paper! sub-cultures which are conceptually different, rather than one 'major' culture. * An introduction Culture, whether in opposing view, some organization or society, is about people.

People play a key role in culture. People create culture. Thesis Claims Warrant! And because people are individual units with different opinions, values , goals, attitudes, wants and needs but at essay view the same time they interact. Corporation , Culture , Dick Hebdige 1696 Words | 5 Pages. ? SUCCESS OF MAYBANK BERHAD MALAYSIA CORE VALUE IMPLEMENTATION Introduction on Corporote Culture . Quarterly Essay Time! Organizational culture is like the earth beneath a tree. In the soil are the nutrients, support, and water that the tree will need to grow. Essay Opposing! There are also hazards poisons, obstructions, disease, pests, and the decay of trees that did not make it. Writing Letter For Jobs! Like the essay opposing view, earth, organizational culture provides the workplace with the ian lowe, environment from opposing, which it will produce results.

Continuously building/changing. Culture , Edgar Schein , Geert Hofstede 2202 Words | 8 Pages. TUI University Alicia F. Lopez MGT 407 Module 1 Case Assignment Dr. Peggy Swigart With the shift of the industrial age to the information age came . a new era of managers that need to be in tune with what is happening in the organization and what is happening on the management levels. HR’s are sought after as the professionals that can help influence organizational strategies and also they can support top managers in accomplishing their goals. Therefore, the ian lowe quarterly reaction, focus of human resource influence. Employee benefit , Employment , Focus 1082 Words | 4 Pages. Value Chain as a Company Strategy Introduction Now a day, many companies are trying to improve their value chain in order to . use the argument essay, value chain as a strategy in the manner of meeting the quarterly, customers need and satisfaction.

One of the strategies they are using with value chain is to gain competitive advantages for rival among their competitors. Value chain actually can discover and fulfil what customers want and the identification of customer needs will hence become one of the ways to surpass their. Marketing , Microeconomics , Price 1792 Words | 6 Pages. The Impact of Core Competencies on Competitive Advantage - Essay. The Impact of Core Competencies on essay opposing, Competitive Advantage 1. Introduction Companies need to learn to manage tomorrow's opportunities as . Ntic Et Organisation! competently as they manage today's businesses.

The discovery of new competitive space is helped when a company has a class of technology generalists that can move from one discipline to another. Argument Essay Opposing! The new market development can be geared up by developing the capability to redeploy the human resources quickly from one business opportunity to thesis warrant, another. It is the top. Core business , Core competency , Management 1806 Words | 6 Pages. Core Values and Competencies for Global Education. At the opposing view, end of the lesson, the students should be able to: 1. Organ! Identify the different Core Values and Competencies for Global . Education and differentiate the issues on Globalization. 2. Explain the different issues on Globalization – the Socio Cultural, Economic and view Political Issues on Globalization. 3. Discuss how the various issues on globalization affect every individual.

II. SUBJECT MATTER A. Core Values and thesis for childhood obesity Competencies for Global Education B. Issues on argument essay opposing view, Globalization a. Socio-Cultural. Critical thinking , Culture , Education 460 Words | 3 Pages. CULTURAL VALUES AND PERSONAL ETHICS PAPER Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper Nipa Khatlawala University of Phoenix . Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper Personal, organizational, and cultural values are the basis of an thesis claims, individual's personal and professional decision-making style. These values are the key ingredients that make up our core beliefs. Values are ideas that are actions which could be right or wrong, good or bad that are the basis of human action (Tosi 2000). Personal. Business ethics , Culture , Decision making 1431 Words | 5 Pages.

Personal Values Personal values are just that; personal. Each individual’s personal values are exclusive to that . person. Opposing View! Personal values are the beliefs or standards that individuals use to evaluate and thesis warrant define actions and events throughout the opposing view, multiple domains in spontaneous generation, their lives (Hyde Weathington, 2006). Argument Essay! Although, people may share similar values , it is how they interrupt those values and ntic dissertation apply those values to their own life that makes them unique. These differences in how personal values are interpreted. Game theory , Nursing , Philosophy of argument essay opposing view life 1479 Words | 4 Pages. Core Values and Organizational Development. the core values , really influence and have an impact on organizational development ?Explain. Core . values are descriptions of the writing cover letter, work we do or the strategies we do to accomplish our goal.

Organization development (OD) is a deliberately planned effort to increase an organization's relevance and viability. The values underlie our work, how we interact with each other, and which strategies we employ to fulfill our goal. When organization development is opposing our goal, we need to put the right core values. Change management , Diesel engine , English-language films 358 Words | 2 Pages. Strength and Weakness of cover for jobs Core Compentency. ? Core competence (strengths and argument opposing weakness) Introduction In order to generation, anticipate changes in business, management should build an opposing, appropriate . Ntic Et Organisation Dissertation! strategic plan. Focusing on a company’s core competencies establishes a unique integrated system that competitors cannot replicate. By the definition as Prahalad and Hamel (1990) stated, core competency is a collective knowledge about how to combine company’s diverse resources, technologies and know-how.

As the foundation of competitive advantages for enterprise. Competence , Core business , Core competency 946 Words | 3 Pages. Values Pamela Dyer Southern New Hampshire University Policy, Law, ethics NUR480 Professor S. Butler February 26, 2015 Values . Our values define who we are. Opposing View! They are the fundamental beliefs that guide our actions and a good for childhood behavior. Argument Essay Opposing! They influence the way we interact with others and our thought process. Every day, each one of spontaneous us makes choices and argument view decisions that directly affect the way we experience each other and the way others experience us. Values , in essence are what motivates us. The values that.

Decision making , Integrity , Intrinsic value 1041 Words | 5 Pages. Define Values . Critically evaluate “Allport Vernon” classification of values . How values effect the business . processes? Values are defined as the between generation, guide or systematic information stored in an individual to decide for him/her what is right or wrong for essay view better well being. Values are a set of cover letter guidelines that inform your behavior within any given culture. Opposing View! Values form the basis of our behavior. They are the guiding principles behind our behavior and help us decide the dos and don’ts. For example if one. Behavior , Culture , Human behavior 593 Words | 3 Pages. Core Indian Values - an Advertising Perspective.

INDIAN CONSUMER: CORE VALUES We are all consumers. Everyday, we consume goods and services as individuals, families, groups . and organizations . With every passing year, the consumer has not only become smarter but also choosier with his purchase. On top of that, the organ paper, fact that the competition and the variety of products available in argument essay, the market only add to difference, the marketers’ woes. Essay! To succeed in this dynamic and increasingly complex marketing environment marketers have an urgent need to learn and anticipate. Advertising , India , Indian cuisine 1792 Words | 7 Pages. Assignment 6: Personal Values Statement Introduction I had the privilege of statement obesity taking an ethics class that asked me to list out what . values were important to me. I thought I’d share some of the argument view, things I wrote down and finish off with my personal mission statement.

This essay will give you a unique insight into what values I find to be important. What is important to thesis warrant, me? Service, integrity, and loyalty are very important to me. Service is argument view a big part of my life and allows me to ian lowe quarterly, continue to hold. Ethics , Evaluation , Moral 1547 Words | 3 Pages.

Learning Organisation Its Core Tenets. intends to understand the attributes of the learning organisation and its core tenets .For this purpose the case example of essay opposing view Tesco . is used. Ntic Et Organisation Dissertation! The advantages and disadvantages of applying these practices of Tesco in opposing, other established organsiation have been critically analyzed with the help of specific examples . What is a learning organisation? According to Peter Sange, the pioneer of the fifth discipline, learning organizations are organisation in which people continually expand their capacity to learn. Educational psychology , Human resource management , Knowledge management 1842 Words | 6 Pages.

?Name: LEAH JANE P. Essay Reaction Time! IBARRAT Subject: PED 106.2 School: WMSU ESU-Siay Professor: Evangeline S. Capitania The DepEd Vision We dream of . Argument! Filipinos who passionately love their country and whose values and competencies enable them to realize their full potential and contribute meaningfully to a good thesis statement for childhood obesity, building the argument essay opposing, nation. As a learner-centered public institution, the Department of du travail dissertation Education continuously improves itself to better serve its stakeholders. The DepEd Mission To protect and promote. Education , History of education , Learning 447 Words | 2 Pages. Value Chain Competitive Advantage. Value Chain as Competitive Advantage Unit 3 Assignment Katherine Moore GB570 Managing the argument, Value Chain Jerry Haenisch, PhD. . Kaplan University December 27, 2012 Value Chain as Competitive Advantage Industries have in the earlier years concentrated on thesis statement obesity, enhancing the supply chain activities in search of creating value . Nonetheless, optimizing these activities, only opposing can lead to operative proficiency and not structural effectiveness. Claims! Contritely, when an organization , focus on growing. Business terms , Customer , Customer service 1614 Words | 5 Pages. of a firm? Illustrate a real life example to support your arguments.

Introduction For choosing this topic for the essay ,It is because . Argument! organizational culture is the heartbeat of a firm. It determined the way the firm run and the self- value of the founder and the main value of the company ,After reading this essay people can easily under stand the two main element: management practice and innovation and risk taking. And also knowing how the et organisation du travail, way this two values bring good influence of high performance. Commitment , IKEA , Management 2341 Words | 7 Pages. Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper Without civic morality communities perish; without personal morality their survival has no . Argument Opposing View! value . Between Generation! ? Bertrand Russell, British mathematician and philosopher (1872-1970) Good, bad, right, wrong, moral, immoral. In researching a definition of values , one happens across all these terms. Opposing! So how does one decide?

How are values shaped and identified not to essay reaction time, mention adhered to? One consistent definition that could be given is: values are ideals that. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Culture 1376 Words | 5 Pages. ? Values Reflection Nestor Medina University of Phoenix CJA474/Criminal Justice Policy Analysis May 5, 2014 Duncan Fraser . Values Reflection Every individual has a set of personal values that dictates how he or she reacts to situations in life. These values can also define who he or she is as a person. Values are significant and argument essay opposing the principle shared by most people in organ, society in regard to what is essay opposing view morally right or wrong. Some examples of values are integrity, loyalty, honesty, respectful. Employment , Ethics , Individual 908 Words | 5 Pages. has great impact especially to a good statement, business managers. National culture or core culture that developed the individual before it is opposing influenced by . other factors in the environment and society is subject to change depending on how strong the influences would be. However for the individual to fit in, they have to embrace the new found culture or a new culture might have evolved combining the core values and the current society’s value . Literature Review In Kelley, MacNab and Worthle (2006) paper, they.

Anthropology , Civilization , Convergence 930 Words | 4 Pages. Lead By Example SSG Alfred J. Stringer NCOA Abstract This paper makes the argument that the examples set by leaders . Quarterly! will directly affect the actions and overall effectiveness of their organizations . View! Morality and upholding the Army Values and the basic principles of the claims, United States of America are paramount principles of character that leaders should possess. Subordinates will many times copy and opposing mirror their leaders so it is critically important for superiors to set good examples . Soldiers. Ethics , Moral , Morality 1008 Words | 3 Pages. ? Values Clarification Kristin Goodwin Southern New Hampshire University Nursing 310: Nursing Leadership Management . Claims Warrant! CoralAnn Hackett, RNC, MSN Values Clarification Values are the cornerstone of every healthcare organization . Essay Opposing View! When expressed and put into organ, action, values become the living energy of the organization (Human Science). An organization’s mission and vision statements clearly define the argument view, culture of the organization and its means to complete the defined mission. When.

Nurse , Nursing , Strategic planning 1049 Words | 3 Pages. Management and Organization (MM 2021) Individual essay Name: Kwan Ching Sze Student ID: 13084275d Tutorial group: TUT 004 . Does a strong organizational culture increase the overall performance of a firm? Illustrate a real-life example to support your arguments. Introduction According to Business Dictionary (2013) , Organizational culture refer to between spontaneous generation, the behaviors and values that contribute to argument essay opposing view, the specific social and between generation environment of argument essay a firm. Organizational. Criticism of Google , Google , Organizational culture 1837 Words | 4 Pages.

Organizational Vision and thesis warrant Visionary Organizations. Upendra Gupta 28-NOV-12 Organizational Vision amp; Visionary Organizations (Summary) Purpose of the Article: In this article authors . presents the importance of essay vision statement and framework that help any organization in cover for jobs, order to achieve successfully and view all stakeholders involved focus for writing cover targeting common goals. Argument Essay Opposing View! It also shows the importance and need of framework that’s required for organization vision. Most of the organizations focus on vision in order to fulfill their mission statement. Normally. Mission statement , Non-profit organization , Organization 1103 Words | 4 Pages. Building an Ethical Organization Jennifer Joyner HSM/230 March 19, 2011 Rachel Smith Building an Ethical . Organization The organization of Young Teen Moms is new to the community and warrant wants to reach out and provide a safe place for young moms. I take my new position as the director of the organization very seriously and want to essay, share my input and values of what I think the organization can benefit from. I also would appreciate receiving feedback from every employee on new policies. Balanced scorecard , Business ethics , Ethics 2228 Words | 7 Pages.

Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper A value is a principle, a standard, or a quality considered worthwhile or desirable. . Ethics is a system of time moral values that govern a person's conduct. Values and ethics, together, define a person. Just as individuals subscribe to argument view, values , so do organizations and businesses; an examination of any successful company would lead to the conclusion that their subscribing to a value system was the key to their success. Conversely, the examination of thesis statement obesity any unsuccessful. Business ethics , Culture , Ethics 921 Words | 3 Pages.

Common Characteristics of an Organization. Common Characteristics of an Organization COMM/350 July 9, 2012 David Sarnowski Common Characteristics of an Organization . View! Zappos.com has moved through the trenches as they have built their business. Their company is an online shoe retailer that focuses on cover, building a strong brand. By doing so Zappos.com profits were shown to be successful since they have been founded. Argument Essay Opposing View! With their success thee secret was very simple. The founder Nick Swinmurn started this business along with Tony Hsieh in 1999. Customer , Customer service , Management 1464 Words | 4 Pages. Describing the thesis for childhood, Social and Cultural Dimensions in My Organization. Describe the social and essay opposing view cultural dimensions in your organization . INTRODUCTION Social and cultural theories strive to explain how people . Research Paper! relate to argument view, each other and/or the surrounding environment.

Organizational culture represents a common perception held by the organization’s member. This was made explicit when we defined culture as a system of shared meaning. Therefore, those individuals with different backgrounds or at different levels in the organization will tend to describe the organization’s culture. Cross-cultural communication , Cultural anthropology , Culture 1975 Words | 6 Pages. The review of “The Core Competence of the Corporation” Introduction When many corporations were struggling in unstable and difference unpredictable . competitive environment in the 1990s, the proposition of the concept of core competence became the dominant framework in essay opposing view, management theory (Liu, 2006). This essay will review the article entitled “the core competence of the difference spontaneous, corporation” by argument essay opposing Prahalad and writing cover letter for jobs Hamel from three aspects.

Initially the position of the argument essay view, article will be analyzed compared with the Porter’s. Core business , Core competency , Human resource management 1859 Words | 7 Pages. Role and Function of Personnel Departments and Ways to Improve Their Strategic Value to Organizations. Evaluation of the role and function of personnel departments within organizations and discussion of ways to improve their strategic . value to the organization . Role of organ research paper HR Departments The HR model of the four HRM perspectives devised by Ulrich helps clarify the role of essay Personnel Departments (University of thesis statement obesity Sunderland 2004, p. 75). Strategic Partner As Strategic Partner the HR Department creates an appropriate organisational architecture with the target of achieving a match between factors such. Better , Human resource management , Human resources 1823 Words | 7 Pages. organizational, and cultural values affect decision making in my personal and professional life. My cultural, organizational and personal . Argument! values represent my beliefs and traditions of a good thesis statement for childhood obesity my cultural environment.

Through my research, I examined values and based them on how important they are within my personal, organizational, work, and cultural lifestyle. Based on the research, I came to the conclusion knowing the argument essay, foundational elements of individual behavior can be very rewarding. Values do not act individually. Culture , Decision making , Ethics 1053 Words | 4 Pages. Metaphors of Organizations All theories of organization and management are based on implicit images or metaphors that . persuade us to see, understand, and imagine situations in partial ways. Metaphors create insight. But they also distort.

They have strengths. But they also have limitations. Du Travail Dissertation! In creating ways of seeing, they create ways of not seeing. Hence there can be no single theory or metaphor that gives an all-purpose point of view. There can be no 'correct theory' for structuring everything.

Greek loanwords , Management , Metaphor 1235 Words | 4 Pages.

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labour resume Hazardous Child Labour in Brief. Geneva, Revised April 1998. I. WORKING CHILDREN. It is common knowledge that data on child labour are extremely scarce. The reason for this is the absence of an appropriate survey methodology for probing into the work of children which, for the most part, is a hidden phenomenon.

Consequently, the ILO designed special sample survey methodologies and experimented them in argument essay four countries. These were further refined and adopted for investigating at the national level the child labour situation in a number of countries. The child labour problem being multi-dimensional, the information sought through the specialised survey approaches involved answers to the following questions, among others: - Who are the working children and how many are there in the individual countries? - How old are they when they start to work for the first time and how do they live? - Why do they work and in research which sectors are they engaged? - What are their specific occupations and the conditions of their work? - What types of exploitation and abuse they face at argument essay view, work? - How safe are they physically and mentally at their workplace or in ian lowe reaction time their occupations? - Do they also go to school? If they do, what are the argument opposing view consequences of their non-schooling work?

And if they do not go to thesis, school, what are the reasons? - Who are their employers? Why do they use them? And how do they treat them in comparison with their adult workers? - How many children are engaged on a full time basis in housekeeping activities of a purely domestic nature in their own parents' or guardians' households thereby sacrificing their education and essay opposing view also exposing themselves to various injuries and health hazards? - Are there children who live away from their parents' or guardians' households and if so, where do they reside and what do they do?

- What are the perceptions of parents about their working children? What are those of the children themselves and their employers? Based on the findings of the experiments as well as the results of national surveys carried out a good for childhood since then using the newly developed methodologies and, also taking into account other demographic and socio-economic factors, the ILO produced estimates on the size of working children at regional and global levels which have been internationally accepted and quoted as ILO figures. Prior to that, there have only been guesstimates which ranged between 200 million and more than 400 million children working world-wide. 2. Level and distribution of working children. According to the new estimates, there are some 250 million children 5-14 years old who are toiling in economic activity in developing countries. For close to one-half of them (or 120 million), this work is carried out on a full time basis, while for the remaining one-half it is combined with schooling or other non-economic activities. Among school going children, up to one-third of the boys (33%) and argument opposing more than two-fifths (42%) of the girls are also engaged in economic activities on a part-time basis. The overall estimates of 250 million working children are exclusive of children who are engaged in regular non-economic activities, including.

those who provide services of thesis warrant, domestic nature on a full-time basis in their own parents' or guardians' households. The number of such children is argument view, relatively large (about 15%-20% of the total child population of the same age-cohort). The data so far obtained through methodological experiments and in countries where national surveys were conducted using the newly developed and tested methodologies show that more boys than girls work ¾ close to three boys to two girls, on average. It should be borne in mind, however, that the number of working girls is a good, often underestimated by statistical surveys which usually do not take into account unpaid economic activity carried out in argument essay opposing view and around the household, including household enterprises. Also more girls than boys perform full-time housework of non-economic nature - e.g., housekeeping in their own parents' household - many of them between 8-12 years old - in order to enable their parents or guardians to ntic et organisation dissertation, go to work, or to take care of essay view, sick or handicapped members in claims warrant the household. Such work is reported to be the argument opposing view main reason for about one-third of the youngsters who do not attend school - they were either never enrolled or were obliged to drop out of school because of the for jobs full-time housework. If such full-time housework were taken into account, there would be little or no variation between the sexes in the total size of working children, and the number of girls could even exceed that of boys. For obvious reasons, child labour is most prevalent in the developing regions of the globe. In absolute terms, it is Asia (excluding Japan), as the most densely populated region of the world, that has the most child workers (approximately 61% of the world's total as compared with 32 % in Africa, 7% in Latin America and the Caribbean, and argument one-fifth of writing, one per cent in Oceania excluding Australia and New Zealand). But in argument opposing view relative terms, Africa comes first in economic activity participation rate of warrant, children which is argument essay view, estimated at a little more than two children out of five (or 41%) of the total children 5-14 years old. The corresponding proportion in thesis statement Asia is around one-half of the level in Africa (i.e., more than one in opposing five children or 22%), and it is one in et organisation dissertation six (or 17%) in Latin America, and argument essay opposing view close to one in three (29%) in a good thesis statement for childhood obesity Oceania.

In all regions, more boys than girls participate in economic activity. The highest participation rate of boys is in Africa (46%) as compared with the rates in Oceania (33%), Asia (23%) and Latin America and the Caribbean (22%). The gender differential in the rates is argument essay view, greatest in Latin America (22% for essay reaction, boys to 11% for the girls), followed by Africa (46% to 37%, respectively, and the latter is also the highest participation rate of girls by region); and argument opposing Oceania (33% to 26%). The differential between boys and ian lowe essay reaction girls participation rates is smallest in Asia (23% to 20%). Participation rates of children in economic activity are much higher in rural areas than in argument essay view urban centres. Based on the surveys so far undertaken, including the experiments in the four countries, the propensity for a good for childhood, children to essay view, engage in an economic activity is on average twice as high in the rural communities. Spontaneous? However, with the rapid urbanization of most developing countries and, also with the argument essay increasing number of youngsters themselves migrating to towns and cities, the share of urban centres in the total volume of child labour would no doubt grow in the future. The vast majority of children working in rural communities are engaged in agricultural or similar activities (an average of nine out of ten children in most of the countries surveyed and more than two in every three children in thesis for childhood the others). In urban areas, child labour was found mainly in trade, services (especially domestic work) and in the manufacturing sectors. Rural children, in particular girls, tend to begin economic activity at an early age, some at 5, 6 or 7 years of age.

Survey results show that in some cases up to 20 per cent of economically active children are 5-9 years old in the rural areas and around five per cent in the urban centres. Industry and occupation. It is evident that the less developed a country is, the greater the proportion of the child population who work. Essay Opposing View? It is also clear that the more elementary the type of between spontaneous generation, economic activity or the kind of occupation that does not need specific skills, the larger the argument essay opposing view relative size of the working children in that particular industry or occupation. These factors influence the level of distribution of the total number of working children by branch of economic activity or by occupation in any specific country. As a result, the relative level of the organ research child workforce in any industry or occupation could vary widely from one country to another. For example, in Cambodia the proportion of children working in argument essay agriculture in 1996 was about 90% as compared with 65% in the Philippines.

On the other hand, the level of writing letter for jobs, working children in wholesale and retail trade, restaurants and hotels was 17% in the Philippines and 7% in Cambodia. Argument Essay View? Because of the predominance of agriculture in Cambodia, the number of children working in agriculture-related occupations was also close to 90% as compared with 75% in the Philippines. Based on a number of countries (approx. 20) for which data have been collected recently, the average level of working children in claims the different branches of economic activity and occupations are shown in the following two tables and charts: As can be seen, economic activities and occupations related to the agricultural sector are predominant in the proportion of child workers.

Although the average number of children in agricultural activities and occupations are, respectively, 70% and 74%, these ratios could be as high as 90% in the former and 95% in the latter. In both, the ratios for the girls (75% and 79%) are higher than for the boys (69% and 73%). The proportions of children working in trade, restaurants and hotels (ranging from 8% to 17% in a few instances), manufacturing (8% to argument essay opposing, 15%), and services (7%) are relatively high when compared with the ratios in the other non-agricultural sectors. Most of the former activities are performed in et organisation du travail dissertation the urban centres. Hours and Earnings. Many children work long hours every day of the argument view week. For example, some survey results show that more than half of the working children are toiling for 9 hours or more per day, with cases where up to four-fifths of them working seven days a week including work on public holidays, especially in the rural communities.

There are cases where children work 56 hours or more per du travail dissertation, week. In paid employment which is concentrated in urban centres, the number of opposing, children working long hours is smaller (about two-thirds of them) and the majority work six days a week. A large majority (around 70%) of working youngsters toil as unpaid family workers, especially in the rural areas where working girls outnumber working boys. More than four in warrant every five children (or 81%) work without pay. Most of those working as paid employees are paid much less than the prevailing rates in their localities, even when compared with the legal minimum wages, receiving only one-sixth of the minimum rate in one survey finding. Also the younger the working child, the lower the wage payment. On average, girls work longer hours than boys and are paid less than their working brothers doing the same type of work. Comparatively larger numbers of girls work as paid domestics where the pay scale is usually low.

Generally, children are not paid for overtime work although many of them work additional hours and often they are required to do so when demand for various services reaches its peak and/or due to labour shortages. Many children work during the evenings or nights as well. In one major survey, close to opposing, two-thirds (64%) of the child labour force in the agricultural sector are found to be working during these periods - three-quarters of the boys and thesis claims warrant more than two-fifths of the girls. However, in the retail trade and opposing view particularly in personal services, the proportions of the girls working in the evenings and nights are considerably greater than. those of the boys - 27% as compared with 10% in cover the former sector, and 16% against 3% in view the latter. A large number of the girls working as housemaids are often obliged to spend the night in their employer's household thereby also exposing themselves to writing cover letter for jobs, various abuses, especially sexual. II. HAZARDOUS CHILD LABOUR.

Being tender physically, children are susceptible to various work -related injuries and illnesses more than adults doing the same kind of work. Also because they are not yet matured mentally, they are less aware, even completely unaware, of the potential risks involved in their specific occupations or at the workplace itself. Essay Opposing? As a result, a large number of working children are affected by various hazards - more than two-thirds (69%) of them in some countries. Many of them suffer actual injuries or illnesses, from ian lowe time, 5% to more than 20%, some of whom stop working permanently. Recent surveys at the national level have demonstrated that a very high proportion of the argument opposing view children were physically injured or fell ill while working. Et Organisation Du Travail Dissertation? These included punctures, broken or complete loss of essay view, body parts, burns and skin disease, eye and hearing impairment, respiratory and gastro-intestinal illnesses, fever, headaches from excessive heat in between the fields or in factories. Argument Opposing View? A large majority of these children had to consult medical doctors and some had to be hospitalised. Many affected children had to a good statement, miss work for a time, with some stopping work for good.

In absolute terms, more boys than girls are affected by injuries and illnesses mainly because of the total size of working boys - (the ratio is almost three working boys to two girls). Also, since a large majority of working children are in argument opposing the rural areas engaged in agricultural activities, the number of claims warrant, injuries and opposing view illnesses related to thesis obesity, the agricultural sector is by far the largest. However, in certain specific economic activities or occupations, the argument opposing incidence of injuries and illnesses is writing cover letter for jobs, significantly higher for the working girls than for their working brothers. Also, even if the number of essay opposing view, children working in a particular industry or occupation is quite small, the warrant likelihood of work-related injuries or illnesses can be relatively very high. Therefore, such industries and view occupations should be out between of the reach of the child labour force even if allowed to work. For example, as shown in argument view Table 3 and the tables and charts below, the ntic du travail dissertation total number of youngsters who work in the agricultural sector represent more than two-thirds (70%) of the argument essay opposing total working children and, as a result of this large number, those who experience injuries and.

illnesses in the sector also account for a considerably high proportion (70%) of the organ research paper total suffered by all working children. The corresponding injury illness levels by essay view gender in the sector are approximately 76% of the total working boys and 57% of the total working girls. In contrast, the incidence of injuries and illnesses in the sector is 12% of the total children working in cover for jobs the sector, the same level for argument essay view, the boys and 16% for the girls. Although the size of child labour in mining or in construction is very small (respectively, about 1% and 2% of the total child workforce), the occurrence of injuries and illnesses is significantly high in both sectors. These two are by far the warrant worst sectors for working children, particularly for the working girls - more than one girl in every three (35%) and one boy out of four (26%) are affected by injuries and illnesses if they work in the construction sector; and if working in mining, the essay view incidence is one in every five girls (21%) and close to one boy out of eight (12%). While the total size of workers in the transport sector is also very small (less than 4% of all child workforce), about one in every five (19%) of the paper boys working in the sector suffer from work-related injuries and illnesses which is the second highest for the boys working in any other sector. In one recent large survey undertaken at the national level for probing into argument all dimensions of child labour for the age-group 5-17 years, much information was collected particularly on the health and safety aspects of working children. The results revealed that out of a total of 3.67 million economically active children in the country, more than 60 per cent (or 2.21 million) were exposed to ian lowe quarterly essay reaction, hazardous conditions which included biological (19% of all working children), chemical (26%) and environmental (51%) hazards during their work. Not only because a large majority of children work in agriculture and opposing view related activities, but also due to the hard working conditions in this sector and in mining, much of the exposure to a good statement, injuries and illness took place in argument essay opposing view the rural areas - approximately two-thirds of all exposures as compared to about one-third in a good the urban centres. Again because of their large number, most of essay view, those exposed were boys (approximately 70% of the total working boys and girls); but in relative terms, the level of exposure was close between the claims warrant two sexes - 64% of the working boys compared with 53% of the working girls. Of the total exposed children of 2.21 million, there were more than 870,000 children (39%) who suffered injuries or illnesses - divided almost.

equally: 49% of opposing, them (or 426,000 children) suffered injuries and writing cover letter the other 51% (or 444,000 children) suffered illnesses. This amounted to almost one child in every four children economically active (or 24% of argument essay opposing, 3.67 million); injuries affected close to 12% of all children engaged in economic activity and illnesses a little more than 12%. The number of boys who suffered was considerably larger than that of the girls (72% verses 28% of the total sufferers); but the ratios were closer when compared within the same sex (26% of the working boys and 19% of the girls). Close to reaction time, three-quarters (74%) of the injuries and illnesses were in the rural communities and the rest (26%) in argument essay opposing view the urban areas. Numerically, the most frequent injuries were cuts/wounds/punctures which totalled close to between spontaneous, 600,000 (or 69% of all injuries). However, there were also injuries which were much serious though their occurrences were less frequent - for example, burns (57,500, equivalent to 7% of the total injuries), dislocations/fractures/sprains (45,900, or 5%), crushing injuries (29,800, or 3%), and even amputation/loss of body parts (1,100, or one-tenth of one percent) - for essay view, a total of organ research, 134,300, equivalent to more than 15% of the total injuries and about four per cent of the argument opposing total economically active children. There were also 135,000 cases (or 16%) related to injuries such as contusions, bruises, haemoid and abrasions. Other injuries totalled 12,400. Among the illnesses reported, body aches/pains (head, neck, back, etc.) were the most frequent (518,000, representing 57% of thesis for childhood obesity, all illnesses), followed by skin diseases (190,000, or 21%). The more grave illnesses were gastro intestinal (48,100, or 5%), respiratory (47,500, or 5%), eye strain/eye sight impairment (31,300, or 4%), hearing impairment (10,100, or 1%), and unspecified illnesses (61,500, or 7%). On average, three children in argument opposing view every 100 hundred had stopped work due to the work-related injuries and/or illnesses, while approximately one-half of the writing letter working children were obliged to stop work temporarily and the remaining 46% were able to continued working despite their injuries or illnesses.

Some indicators of the extent of child labour and related variables in countries where national surveys were conducted recently (see table 7, p.15).