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, , - , , , . Examle? Poet Playwright Essayist Novelist Danny. List of poets - Wikipedia This is a list of notable poets . Essay On The Imagery Of Ted Hughes? Contents : Top; 0–9; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q American experimental novelist , punk poet , playwright , essayist , postmodernist and sex-positive feminist writer .. Examle? (born 1940), American poet , and playwright; Arun Budhathoki (born 1986), Nepalese poet (aka Daniel Song) Daniel David Moses - Wikipedia Daniel David Moses (born February 18, 1952) is a First Nations poet and playwright from of names essay He has worked as an examle independent artist since 1979 as a poet , playwright , dramaturge, editor, essayist , teacher, and writer -in-residence with institutions List of Uruguayan writers - Wikipedia A list of the pillowman, notable Uruguayan writers : This list is incomplete; you can help by essay examle expanding it. Essays? Julio Herrera y Reissig, 1875-1910, poet , playwright , essayist . Juana de Ibarbourou Daniel Vidart, 1920-present, anthropologist, historian, Paysandu. List of Welsh writers - Wikipedia List of Welsh writers is an incomplete alphabetical list of essay examle, writers from proffesion for women Wales. It includes writers in all literary genres, writing in English, Welsh, Latin, or any other language. Description as a writer precedes other occupations. . W), essayist , children's writer and essay examle, minister; Gareth Alban Davies (1926–2009, EW), poet , scholar List of Czech writers - Wikipedia Below is an alphabetical list of photography, Czech writers . Contents. A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W; X; Y; Z. A[edit]. Daniel Adam z Veleslavina (1546–1599), lexicographer, publisher, translator Vaclav Dusek (born 1944), novelist . Examle? Viktor Dyk (1877–1931), poet , prose writer , playwright and politician Dan Schneider ( writer ) - Wikipedia Dan Schneider (born 1965) is an American poet and critic of literature and essay photography politics, film, who runs the Schneider followed this by essay examle quoting from an essay Bly once wrote on between essay photography politics Robert Lowell, in which Bly talked about the examle younger generation needing to descriptive essay List of essay examle, Russian-language writers - Wikipedia This is ode on a grecian urn critical essays a list of authors who have written works of examle, prose and poetry in the Russian language. . Semyon Babayevsky (1909–2000), novelist and short story writer , Golden Star Chavalier; Isaak Babel poet , essayist and meaning essay, translator; Nikolai Bazhin (1843–1908), writer , journalist and critic, The History of One People's.

List of English writers - Wikipedia. Essay? List of English writers lists writers in English, born or raised in England who already have A seminal work added to a writer's entry should also have a Wikipedia page. This is a . Dikran Kouyoumdjian, 1895–1956), essayist , playwright and novelist ; John Arlott (1914–1991), cricket writer and commentator; Robert Armin (c. Descriptive Of A? WRITERS DATABASE WRITERS WHO ARVON HAS WORKED Dan created and examle, was lead writer on the 36 part BBC radio drama series . Abdourahman A. Essay On The Imagery Of Ted Hughes? Waberi is novelist , essayist , poet , academic and short-story writer . Famous Writers - Biography Online Biographies of famous writers , authors, poets and playwrights . Swift was a prominent satirist, essayist and author . Essay? Wrote novels , The Mill on descriptive ring the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and essay examle, Daniel Deronda (1876). IMDb: Biopics of Writers , Poets and Playwright - a list by ursulahemard 19 Jul 2011 Voltaire was a prolific writer , producing works in almost every literary form including plays , poetry , novels , essays , and historical and scientific English Authors of the Renaissance - Cn Here is a brief list of the descriptive essay major authors, playwrights , and poets of the English Renaissance. Tyndale, William (1492?-1536), translator, tract writer --New Testament (trans.). (1561-1626), philosopher, essayist --New Atlantis; 'The Advancement of Learning, Essays . Daniel , Samuel (1562-1619), poet --Defence of Ryme. Library Booklists and Bibliographies: Literary Births - April 1 Mar 2016 English journalist, essayist , political tract writer , and novelist Daniel Defoe (died this date 1731; birthdate unknown, in essay, 1660?

1661? 1659?) Mexico's Finest Contemporary Writers : Tracing a Cultural Renaissance 17 May 2017 Poet , playwright , and novelist , Carmen Boullosa's thoughtful and eclectic works such as Leaving Tabasco . Novelist and essayist , Volpi is descriptive ring a writer synonymous with the infamous 'Crack Manifesto', a collection Daniel Sada. Essay? The MEDIA OBJECTS | EXHIBIT.A - Dan Murrell images 2011 Welcome to Exhibit A. An exhibition of new work from Hugh Tisdale and Dan Exhibit A/13 Wilde, Oscar / 1854-1900 / playwright , novelist , essayist , poet . Eyes Photography Politics? Famous Poets from Sweden | List of Top Swedish Poets - Ranker. Johan August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright , novelist , poet , essayist and Dan Andersson is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Poets from Sweden Authors - 20th century poets and examle, novelists - The British Library Find out more about the greatest authors of the ode on urn critical 20th century, including Woolf, Orwell, Hughes, Carter and Kureishi. Writers - Spartacus Educational Main Index page of writers , novelists , poets , playwrights and essayist in the 18th, 19th and 20th Century.

Toni Morrison - Editor, Writer , Playwright , Literary Critic - Biography 28 Apr 2017 Toni Morrison's novels are known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue and examle, Editor, Writer , Playwright , Literary Critic(1931–) outlawed languages flourishing underground, essayists ' questions . Ten years later, the book was turned into a movie starring Oprah Winfrey, Thandie Newton and Danny Glover. Writers , Poets and essay of ted, Philosophers, Andalucia | Southern Spain Novelist , essayist , and essay, correspondent, 1899 - 1961. More Javier Sierra. An exclusive interview with Javier Sierra, Spain?s rival to Dan Brown. More . Jose Maria Blanco Crespo.

Writer , philosopher, and imagery, well known theologian 1775 – 1881.

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HBS Class of 2017 MBA Application Essay, Resume, and App Form. In this post I will be analyzing the optional essay question and key components of the HBS Application for the Class of 2017 as indicated by the optional MBA essay topic: You’re applying to examle, Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores, and what your recommenders have to for women, say about essay, you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? I did not get this post up in time for ode on R1 as I was too busy working with clients on essay, their HBS R1 applications, but better late than never! SORRY ABOUT THE FORMATTING ISSUES BELOW. For Women! I WILL ADDRESS THEM AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. My comprehensive service clients have been admitted to the regular HBS for essay examle the Classes of essay imagery of ted, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, and essay, 2005. My clients’ results and testimonials can be found here.

In addition to providing comprehensive application consulting on HBS, I regularly help additional candidates with HBS interview preparation. I have worked with a large number of applicants from the pillowman essay Canada, Europe, India, Japan, other parts of Asia, and essay, the United States on HBS application. I think that this range of experience has helped me understand the many possible ways of essay imagery of ted hughes, making an examle, effective application to HBS. My best HBS client results were the best ever for the Class of 2016. Photography Politics! I had six clients admitted from examle five different counties. Essay Of A Ring! Their backgrounds and essay, essays varied greatly. In fact, one one of a grecian, them actually contributed his or her essay to The Unofficial Harvard Business School Essay Book, which made me really happy . I can’t tell you which one.

I do highly recommend reading this book because it will give you a really good idea about the examle range of possible answers and dispel any myths about needing to submit something that is professionally written. I would also recommend the of names essay old book that contained HBS admits essays. Examle! That collection is still a good read for eyes photography understanding how to put together an examle, MBA essay though the descriptive specific questions are no longer being asked by HBS. Examle! Combined, both books are really great guides for someone looking to see sample successful MBA essays. Ode On A Grecian Essays! Beyond those essay books, a piece of absolutely required reading for HBS admissions is Poets Quants’ John Byrne’s interview with Dee Leopold, Managing Director of MBA Admissions and Financial Aid at Harvard Business School. Examle! If you are looking for one article to give you overall insight into ode on urn critical essays how HBS makes admissions decisions, John Byrne has done an examle, exceptional job of urn critical, asking Dee Leopold the right questions. I will quote from that interview below. Note: Application related content is taken from the online application. Instructions: Please provide a current resume or CV.

Ideally, this would be about examle, 1-2 pages in essay length, but we’re not going to make a fuss if yours happens to examle, be longer than that.” The resume has always been an important part of any HBS application. For Women! You can find a resume template I have linked to on my blog here. That resume template can also simply serve as a checklist for what to include. Examle! While many schools prefer a one-page resume, HBS really does not care. Depending on a client’s background, I will recommend 1 or 2 pages.

I think it best to essay imagery, think of a resume as a record of examle, accomplishment. If you have sufficient accomplishments, 2 pages is fine. Ode On Essays! Some applicants try to a use an MBA student’s recruitment resume format as the basis for their own resume, but I generally don’t consider this a good idea as such resumes serve a very different purpose. An MBA resume should really designed to focus on you overall, that is examle, your academic, professional, and ring, personal accomplishments and key facts. A recruiting resume is meant for a different kind of examle, audience, recruiters, and typically focuses on a much more narrow range of information.

When I first start working comprehensively with any client, whether they are applying to HBS or not, I always start with the resume for a couple of reasons: 1. It is a great way for a grecian essays any applicant to summarize the most important information about them and their accomplishments. It sometimes helps applicants actually remind themselves of what they have done. 2. For me, it is a way I learn about a client so that I can better understand their background. One key thing to remember about examle, what you include on your resume: Anything that is there, just like any component of the urn critical application, may become the essay examle basis for a HBS interview question. Meaning! Therefore if you don’t want to examle, talk about it and eyes, don’t need to write about it, leave it off the resume.

While not mentioned in examle the HBS essay question, there is also an Employment Section of the application that provides space for you to discuss two positions in detail including providing brief descriptions of your professional accomplishments and challenges. To some extent this information will overlap with the resume. This is essay photography, nothing to worry about. That said the challenge question in particular is very possibly something you would not be covering in your resume. Stanford has a similar detailed employment section in their application, which they seriously. I assume HBS does as well, so just as with the resume, make sure your answers in the application are as effective as possible. Don’t treat it like some form you do at the last minute. First, keep in examle mind that a dmissions officers read transcripts and are trained to a grecian urn critical essays, know what they are reading. Examle! They don’t just look at GPA (If your school calculates it). If there is something really bad on the pillowman, your transcript (a fail, a withdrawal, etc) or odd, you really do want to explain it in the additional section or, in some cases, in the essay. Essay! If is just a C and you have no specific excuse, don’t bother trying to explain it.

If your academic performance varied greatly from year to meaning essay, year (or semester to semester), was there a reason for it? Is it one that you want to provide? I don’t recommend discussing how you became depressed after your boy/girl friend broke up with you, but, if, for example, you were taking a major leadership position in essay a student organization, running a start-up, working a lot to pay for school, doing major research, or playing a varsity sport, you do have a topic worth discussing. Finally, If neither your transcript, GMAT/GRE, or resume indicate that you have solid quantitative skills, you should explain why you do if you can. For Women! The proper place to provide that explanation is in the additional section or the essay. Given HBS’ instructions on this, I do highly recommend including your best extracurricular activities with perhaps 2 out of 3 being focused on college/university activities, unless you have some particularly impressive post college/university activities, where I might see including only essay examle, 1 activity from college/university.

If you have done nothing impressive extracurricular-wise after graduating and have 3 good activities from proffesion for women university, feel free to just use use this section for those activities. If you did nothing but study during college or university and essay, really have no activities, hopefully you have three post-college things to include. If you have any activities that are directly relevant to your professional goals or to your personal story and essay, you really want to examle, emphasize them, use this space accordingly. Proffesion For Women! While I would surely emphasize the most impressive activities in terms of leadership or engagement, if you need to focus on personal interests that were not group focused (running for essay example) because you simply don’t anything better, put it here. Activities that show you are well-rounded, civically engaged, artistic, athletic are all possibilities here. Keep in mind that extracurricular activities can (and usually should) also be fully accounted for on the resume and given the fact that you can submit a two-page resume, there is no reason that can’t account for an activity.

Also, if you are not using the space for of names anything else, the 500 character additional information section could be used. Instructions: Were you on the Dean’s List? Did your apple pie win a blue ribbon at examle, the state fair? Tell us about it here. List any distinctions, honors, and awards (academic, military, extracurricular, professional, community) in order of importance to essay, you (i.e., list the most important first).

You may list up to three awards. For some applicants this section is really easy to essay, fill out the pillowman essay because they have won a number of awards, distinctions, or honors and essay examle, just need to ode on, prioritize them. Essay Examle! Other candidates will freak out about this section because they never won anything that they think fits. While, it is sometimes really the case that I will have perfectly great applicant who has nothing to report in this section, most applicants are actually likely to have something. HBS is a grecian, not asking you a narrow question here, so think broadly. INTENDED POST-MBA CAREER GOALS. (This is essay examle, found on the Employment page of the application) “Intended Post-MBA Career Goals. Briefly tell us more about your career aspirations: Instructions: Please only add additional information here if you need to essay eyes photography, clarify any information provided in the other sections of examle, your application. This is not meant to be used as an additional essay.

Please limit your additional information to the space in this section. We’ll know you’ll be tempted, but please don’t send us any additional materials (e.g., additional recommendations, work portfolios). On The Of Ted Hughes! To be fair to all applicants, extra materials won’t be considered. Here it is — the essay examle moment you’ve been waiting for! Time to do your essay! (If you want to, that is. Believe it or not, the essay is optional.) The essay question is:

You’re applying to Harvard Business School. We can see your resume, academic transcripts, extracurricular activities, awards, post-MBA career goals, test scores, and what your recommenders have to say about you. What else would you like us to know as we consider your candidacy? Use your judgment as to how much to tell us. We don’t have a “right answer” or “correct length” in mind. We review all the elements of your written application to descriptive of a, decide who moves forward to the interview stage.

Upload your Word or PDF document below. Essay! As far as format goes, use a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial in a size that won’t hurt our (rapidly aging) eyes. No need to repeat the question above unless you want to.” If you read the Harbus essay collection, you will see that applicants handled this essay in a variety of the pillowman, ways last year. Four Ways HBS Evaluates Applicants. My objective when working with each of my clients is to help them identify the best content in essay their essays, resume, interview and other application components to ode on a grecian urn critical, show fit for essay examle each school they apply to.

My approach is to ode on a grecian essays, understand the audience that is essay examle, being communicated to because the only objective of your application is to communicate effectively to your audience, the for women admissions committee. The following summarizes what HBS is essay examle, looking for in terms of three stated values (Habit of Leadership, Analytical Aptitude and Appetite, and Engaged Community Citizenship) plus Diversity and the possible places where you can demonstrate these in between eyes photography politics your initial application (Interview and post-interview not considered below): These four core ways that HBS evaluates applicants need to be communicated in your application and one or more of them should be used in your essay. In addition to examle, those four elements (which are discussed in descriptive ring detail below), other possible common topics for inclusion here would be: -Your wider post-MBA career vision that you could not explain in the 500 character answer on the Employment page. Some applicants will not touch on this topic at all in their essays. -Why you want an MBA in essay general? Again, some will address this, others will not. Urn Critical Essays! Since there is examle, no place in for women the application to indicate this otherwise, it would reasonable to explain your rationale for essay examle doing an MBA, whether you state this in general and/or terms of HBS in particular is your choice, but my bias is certainly for being HBS specific. -Why HBS? I don’t think one has to necessarily write in proffesion for women detail about why you want to go to HBS, but providing your overall rationale for why you want to go HBS now is certainly reasonable.

If your career vision is something you are writing about and examle, there are particular aspects of HBS that really relate to it, feel free to mention them. For a discussion of career vision, why an essay, MBA? or how to explain why you want to attend a particular program, see my analysis of the Stanford essays. If you are a reapplying to HBS, I do recommend addressing that issue either in the essay or, if you only need a brief amount of words, in the Additional Information section. If you are reapplicant, please see here. It is usually the case that ones tries to show growth since the examle last application. Whatever form(s) this growth takes, you might need a brief amount of the pillowman, word count or significant word count. Examle! Common topics: 1. Essay! Changes in career goals since the previous application. Feel free to alter your goals, just explain why.

2. Essay! Why you are a better candidate now. The Pillowman Essay! This could be everything from a career change to increased GMAT scores to improved English ability to examle, taking courses to overcome an academic weakness to hughes, a valuable extracurricular activity. The mission of HBS is to educate leaders. I have worked with clients from Canada, France, India, Japan, UK, and US who were admitted to HBS. Examle! They had a diversity of educational, extracurricular, and professional backgrounds, but were united by one thing: In one or more aspects of imagery, their lives, they demonstrated this habit of leadership.

HBS takes a very broad view of what they are looking for: HBS does not explicitly ask you to show your potential for leadership in examle this essay, but it may very well be something you decide to of ted hughes, write about. Leadership is no easy thing. Nor is it always obvious. Essay! If you leadership is fully obvious from meaning resume, than perhaps your essay not discuss it, but the worst possible thing is to conceive of examle, leadership as simple formal responsibility or a title because this conveys nothing about the person in that position. While some applicants will have held formal leadership positions, many will not. Formal leadership positions are great to write about if they involve the applicant actually having significant impact, making a difficult decision, being a visionary, showing creativity, or otherwise going beyond their formal responsibility, but the urn critical essays same is essay examle, true for those showing leadership without having a formal title. If you are having difficulty really understanding leadership, one great place to the pillowman essay, read about leadership, and business in general, is Harvard Business School Working Knowledge. Also, if you have not done so, I suggest reading relevant essays in 65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays: With Analysis by the Staff of the Harbus, The Harvard Business School Newspaper. Reading these essays should help you to understand the examle great diversity of topics that are possible and not only in terms of leadership. Some clients I have worked with have never really considered themselves as leaders.

I think it is on the imagery of ted hughes, critical that if you are applying to HBS that you have idea about what kind of leader you are. While there are number of ways to describe leadership, I particularly like this formulation of leadership types that INSEAD Professor Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries has used in one of his Harvard Business Review blog posts (Disclosure I am a student in essay examle an INSEAD program that he co-directs): I have previously suggested that applicants who are having difficulty really understanding leadership find out descriptive essay of a ring what kind of leader they are by taking this quiz based on Lewin’s classic framework. While leadership is more complicated than Lewin’s framework, the quiz is a great way to get you started thinking about yourself, a key part of answering any leadership essay question effectively. However I think the 8 archetypes above provide a much better guide for those who both have extensive leadership experience and those who think they lack it. Think of these 8 archetypes as aspirational images of examle, certain kinds of leader. You may fit into more than one category. You may find you don’t feel like you are really good at any of the above in comparison to the descriptions above, but that is OK because you are trying to identify your potential even if it seems based on relatively little “objective evidence.” If leadership is not obvious from your resume or likely to be a topic your recommenders will focus on, you should certainly consider how you show your leadership potential.

I have never worked with anyone who could not demonstrate potential in at least one of the categories above. Some types of leadership experiences that make for effective essays: -A time you convinced someone or some group. -A time you lead others. -A time you demonstrated courage. -A time you made a difficult decision. -A time you were innovative. -A time you formulated and executed a strategy or tactics.

-A time you turned around a situation, overcame an obstacle. -A time reformed something. -A time you changed something. -A time you effectively negotiated with someone. -A time created something. -A time you managed or organized something. -A time you mentored or coached someone. While “Engaged Community Citizenship” might take the form of for women, leadership, it is quite distinct: So much of our MBA experience – including the examle case method, section life, and student-organized events – requires the active collaboration of the essay ring entire HBS community. Examle! That’s why we look for students who exhibit the highest ethical standards and respect for others, and can make positive contributions to essay imagery of ted, the MBA Program. Examle! The right candidates must be eager to share their experiences, support their colleagues, and teach as well as learn from their peers.

HBS and other MBA programs are looking for students who will make a contribution. This really makes sense because of the collaborative nature of essay, MBA education. Essay! While professors play an important role in the classroom, students learn from on the imagery of ted each other on a continuous basis both inside and outside of essay, class. An MBA education is very much one based on relationship building. One of the chief functions of an MBA admissions committee is to descriptive essay, select people who will be good classmates. The director and the rest of the committee have done their job properly if they have selected students who can work well together, learn from essay each other, and if these students become alumni who value the relationships they initially formed at meaning of names, business school. Essay! Given that two of the major takeaways from an HBS education are the ode on relationships that a student forms during the program and access to the alumni network, HBS is looking for candidates who will fully engage with others. Engagement in a community may take many different forms.

Over the years, I have found the following types of activities to examle, be very effective for descriptive essay MBA applications: -Volunteer or social activities at work, whether it is essay examle, actually organizing them or participating in them. -Volunteer or social activities at school, whether it is actually organizing them or participating in them. -Volunteer or social activities outside of work or school, whether it is actually organizing them or participating in them. -A volunteer activity related to your post-MBA goals. -A volunteer activity that allowed for the development of for women, leadership and/or teamwork experience.

-A volunteer activity that put you in contact with people who are quite different from you in terms of nationality, income level, and/or educational background. -An international volunteer or social activity. -Active involvement in an alumni organization. -Active participation in a sports team. -Active political involvement (Not just voting or knowledge of politics, but actual activities) -Participation in an orchestra, band or other musical group. -Participation in drama or dance. -Organizing trips or other activities for a group of friends. -Serving as the leader, organizer, or active member of a team-based educational activity such as a seminar, project, or overseas trip.

The above are just some possibilities. Some people will no doubt worry that they lack extracurricular activities to demonstrate such community citizenship, but in my experience there is always some way to demonstrate this. Part of my job is to essay, help my clients identify such activities and communicate about them effectively. Proffesion! If you have demonstrated extensive community citizenship in your resume, you may very well not need to write about in essay the HBS essay, but you might still find that explaining your motivation for such activities is something you want to convey to essay of ted hughes, HBS. For those with limited objective resume content in this area, if there is an effective way to essay, get some positive aspect of your community citizenship into the essay, do so. HBS is a highly competitive and essay, challenging academic environment. It is not for anyone. “Analytical Aptitude And Appetite,” what can more generally be thought of as academic potential, will be very easy for some candidates to demonstrate without ever writing an essay on the topic.

You must demonstrate your analytical intelligence somewhere in your application. Yes, a solid GPA and GMAT are enough for that purpose, but if you think your academic record and GMAT are weak, I do suggest demonstrating your high analytical aptitude and appetite in essay your essay. Also, whether you address your analytical abilities in your essay, for essay on the imagery of ted hughes most applicants, it would also be very useful to have one or more recommenders discussing this. Some effective ways to demonstrate analytical intelligence include the following: -Solving a complex problem at work, school, or elsewhere. -Discussing the successful completion of complex analytical tasks. -Breaking down a complex problem that you solved and communicating it a very brief and clear way. – Demonstrating great personal insight into ones weaknesses, failures, and/or mistakes. -Showing the ability to learn from weaknesses, failures, and/or mistakes. -Showing the ability to learn and master something highly complex. -Demonstrating a high level of examle, creativity. Those with truly outstanding academic background and urn critical, test scores need to likely focus less attention on this area.

If you think you have weaknesses in this area, consider how to examle, use the essay to mitigate them. A Grecian Urn Critical Essays! The above list provides some effective ways to do that. This overall intention to create a highly diverse class significantly impacts HBS admissions’ decisions. The critical thing is that you demonstrate why you are unique and how you will add to the diversity of the class. In your essay you need to show what makes you stand out. Especially if you think your academic, personal, professional, and/or extracurricular experiences are not inherently unique, it is very important that your essay demonstrates what makes you stand out. Some ways of demonstrating diversity that my clients have used successfully include the following: -Being the first person or kind of person to do something. -Being the youngest person to do do something.

-Making an original contribution to something. -Having an unusual family, academic, personal, or professional background. -Unusual skills or talents. -Extensive international experience. -Receiving prestigious awards or scholarships.

Keep in mind that diversity is a matter of interpretation and presentation and it is each applicant’s responsibility to examle, best demonstrate how they will add value to essay on the, their classmates. One of my jobs as a consultant is essay examle, always help my clients identify ways that make them distinct even if they think they are not special. I operate on the assumption that everyone is imagery of ted, unique. So far I have discussed topic selection. I think it is useful to think about the essay examle actual structure for the pillowman an effective essay. Essay! When it comes to telling stories, which is on the imagery of ted, what the two essays for HBS require you to do, I think it is most important to think about your audience. You are not writing these essays for yourself, you are writing them to convince your audience.

How to convince them? The following grid connects the parts of an essay (the first column) to three core aspects of writing an effective essay. Examle! The table should help you see the relationship between the meaning essay components of a story and what I would consider to be three major questions to ask about any story. What actions did you take?Action Step 1: The grid above is based on the following assumptions, which I consider to be basic for writing effective essays: Your reader must understand you. HBS emphasizes this in the essay instructions: Just answer the question in clear language that those of essay, us who don’t know your world can understand. Provide a clear interpretation of what you have done. Write in simple language, even about complex things. Of A! Assume your reader has a basic business background, but don’t assume any expertise.

Cause-effect relationships should not be merely implied where possible. Showing your actual action steps is critical. A full explanation might be impossible because of word count, but if you tell things in sequence, it usually provides that explanation. You reader must believe you. Essay! If your reader is not convinced by your story, you are dead. I am all in favor of telling the meaning essay best version of a story that you can, provided it is also believable. Bad self-marketing is frequently based on lies that can be seen through. I have met many admissions officers and while not all of them were brilliant, all the good ones had finely tuned “bullshit detectors.” If your essays have a seemingly tenuous relationship with reality, you are likely to be setting yourself up for a ding. Your reader must be engaged.

If a reader does not become interested in what they reading, there is a problem. The problem may be that the essay is simply generic or it might be the way a story is being told is boring or it maybe a lack of passion in essay examle the writing. Whatever the case, it needs fixing. One of my roles as a consultant is to coach my clients on writing essays that will be engaging. You must sell your reader on your high potential for admission. Between Photography! Great essays don’t just need to be believable and interesting, they have to be convincing. You are trying to get admissions to take a specific action after they read your file: admit you or invite you for an interview. Thus, essays must convince them to take action, they have to examle, see why you should be admitted. I help my understand how to do this and give very specific advice on how to do so. Your reader should be interpreting your essay the between eyes way you intend.

In writing there is always room for misinterpretation. Essay! If you have not effectively interpreted yourself, there is always the possibility that your reader will draw opposite conclusions from what you intended. I help my clients make sure that they understand and correct for all such negative interpretations. My final point is that HBS is looking for people who want to be leaders, not mere managers. They are looking for people who will use their “one precious and wild life” to achieve great things, not those who will be satisfied at a grecian urn critical, being mediocrities.

If you can’t show the potential for that now, when will you?

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the examle integration of systems and people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and meaning certain behavior. The users who participate in essay, the business process have roles and privileges to perform tasks in the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at various levels. This chapter contains the following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for essay, the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in essay examle, examples throughout this chapter. Descriptive Essay. SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the workflow wizard can be deployed and run in 10.1.3.1.0. However, you must use the old worklist URL to access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to edit 10.1.2-based workflows. To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the essay task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Workflow services enable you to interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and services within an essay eyes politics, end-to-end process flow. As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. The process assigns a task to essay a user or role and waits for a response. The users act on essay eyes photography politics the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Examle. Figure 15-1 High-Level View of the pillowman, Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the essay examle status of the task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the urn critical tasks, or work items, assigned to or of interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the task settings specified with the essay examle Human Task editor. routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on those tasks. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for essay, roles or groups; for example, round-robin, least-busy, and so on. Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the business process and assigning the examle tasks to imagery of ted hughes users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of task history information for auditing, extending workflows to include other workflows, and essay examle the ability to archive and purge task details based on descriptive essay of a specified policies. Support for creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and restrict default system actions. Specify callback classes on task status. JSP-based forms for viewing and updating task details. Essay. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Ode On. Participant types#x2014;consists of examle, single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of approvers, FYI assignees, and external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from essay eyes photography politics, Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and LDAP. The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to roles and link an organizational hierarchy to a role model for authorization. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to users, roles, or groups. Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and essay role provisioning. Identity Service for essay ring, identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and SMS) Ability to customize content of examle, notifications for proffesion, different types of tasks. Perform actions on tasks through e-mail. Notification Service for notification service concepts. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. View tasks based on user or role ability to perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Essay. Ability to filter tasks in worklist view based on various criteria. Ability to acquire and check out shared tasks. Meaning Essay. Support for custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to selected worklist views to essay examle other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and politics audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an order, as shown in essay, Figure 15-2. requested items. Approval and essay rejection is a two-step process involving an initial approver and the manager of the initial approver. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Once a user belonging to the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to this user's manager for final approval. Essay. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for instructions on designing an essay eyes politics, order approval business process to approve or reject an order. 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-3 shows the following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and persistence of tasks. In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to essay update a task, complete a task, escalate and reassign tasks, and so on. The task service is used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to for women users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to users and groups when the state of the task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to route, escalate, and reassign the task. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in the form of the routing slip. Task Query Service. The task query service queries tasks for examle, a user based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to proffesion for women retrieve metadata information related to a task. The identity service is examle a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. The notification service delivers notifications with the specified content to the specified user to any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from Workflow Services for essay, more information. User Metadata Service. The user metadata service manages metadata related to workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of essay, task payload flex field mappings. Essay On The Imagery Hughes. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-4 shows the interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Using workflow services is demonstrated in the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and examle OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. A Grecian. A vacation request process may start with getting the vacation details from essay examle, a user and imagery of ted hughes then routing the request to their manager for approval. User details and essay the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is described in the pillowman essay, the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to a User or Role from a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the examle Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. Essay Photography. For example, consider a loan request that is part of the loan approval flow. Essay Examle. The loan request may first be assigned to a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and accepts the loan, the the pillowman loan may be routed further through multiple levels of management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is described in the LoanDemoPlus sample. Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and Routing Policies. See Participant Types in Workflow Services for the various flow types supported by essay examle workflow services. You can use these types as building blocks to create complex workflows. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. Meaning Of Names. However, if the user does not act on essay it in ode on a grecian urn critical essays, a certain time, the task may expire and in turn be escalated to the manager for further action. Essay Examle. As part of the the pillowman essay escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from one reportee to another to balance the load between various task assignees. All tasks defined in examle, BPEL have an associated expiration date. Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in Figure 15-7. Between Essay Photography. For example, consider a support call, which is part of the HelpDeskServiceRequest process. A high-priority task may be assigned to essay examle a certain user and if the user does not respond in the pillowman essay, two days, then the task is routed to the manager for essay examle, further action. Figure 15-7 Escalation and Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A user may decide to have another user perform tasks on their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the descriptive Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. Essay Examle. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of between essay eyes photography, their reports while the manager is on vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the task. Another example of automatic routing is to allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on examle a round robin basis or assign tasks to the individual with the lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and Proxy Support. Proffesion For Women. It is often required that one user be provided with access to part of another user's worklist. For example, an executive decides to provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to their secretary. Work queues allow you to create a custom view to group a subset of tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and essay examle so on). These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on the task owner's behalf. For example, in the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in essay ring, Figure 15-8. Essay Examle. A worklist consists of tasks assigned to the user as well as the groups to which they belong. A task may also include forms and attachments in essay, addition to other task details such as history, comments, and examle approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to act on between essay politics tasks as well as get productivity reports. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and extended based on the specific needs of an application. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about worklist functionality and examle the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A Grecian Essays. Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. Essay. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in previous releases as workflow patterns). A Grecian. You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on the participant type. Essay Examle. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Descriptive. Management Chain#x2014;used to essay examle route tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. Sequential list of approvers (extension of a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. This type is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is the pillowman essay sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. External Routing Service #x2014;used to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from Other Workflows. You can have situations where you need to continue a previous workflow task in essay examle, the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to include the task history, comments, and a grecian urn critical attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. The modeling process consists of essay examle, creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of these modeling tasks and provides references to specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to essay eyes photography define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. Essay Examle. This information is saved to ode on urn critical essays a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. 15.5.2 Associate the Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. You associate the .task file that consists of the essay human task settings with a BPEL process. Association is essay made with a human task activity that you drag and drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and map the task parameter that carries the input data to a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the scope and global task variables names (instead of accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. When association is essay complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. You generate the for women layout of the task display form used for displaying the task header, body (task payload), and footer details at examle run time in the pillowman essay, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to examle specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and on the imagery hughes so on. When human task creation is complete, the examle following folder and file are created: A folder with the the pillowman human task name you specify in essay, the Human Task Name field in Accessing the proffesion for women Human Task Editor is created under the Integration Content folder of essay examle, your BPEL process in the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in the pillowman, the human task name folder. You can re-edit the examle settings in this file at any time by double-clicking it in the Application Navigator . Essay On The. This reopens the .task file in the Human Task editor. This section contains the following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. When you are ready to begin creation of a human task, the Human Task editor can be accessed in several ways in Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. Essay. This method enables you to create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Right-click your BPEL process in the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of between essay eyes photography, a human task activity. Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and essay examle drop a Human Task activity into ode on essays your BPEL process. Essay. The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to the right of the between essay eyes Task Definition field. Essay. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. Essay. 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for using these main sections of the Human Task editor to create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Essay. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and politics Owner. Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the essay examle Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the task title, task priority, task outcomes, and task owner. Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Meaning Essay. Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Essay Examle. Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of a task. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the possible actions to perform during run time. Proffesion For Women. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. Enter a custom outcome. The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to be displayed in a different language in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for more information about internationalization. Examle. Click the flashlight icon to the pillowman essay the right of the Outcomes field. The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for tasks. APPROVE and REJECT are selected by default. Examle. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in the Custom Outcomes field. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selections display in the Outcomes field. The seeded and custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the meaning of names essay group vote participant type. 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. Examle. The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in a switch activity. If you perform the essay on the imagery following tasks: Drag and drop a human task activity into the design window. Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. Expand the human task activity. Note that the custom outcomes do not initially display in the switch activity. Essay. As a workaround, perform the following steps: Click the human task activity to display the Human Task window. Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to account for the custom outcomes. The Pillowman Essay. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the BPEL process in the A pplication Navigator . Select Create Human Task Definition . Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into examle the design window and associate it with this human task definition file. Open the ring switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes appear. Examle. The task owner can view the the pillowman tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to the system user bpeladmin if not specified. The task owner can also be specified in the Advanced tab of the examle Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for specifying the a grecian urn critical essays task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the User Directory. Task owners can be selected by browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and so on) that is configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Essay. Click the essay of a first icon to the right of the Owner field to display the Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and so on. Clicking Lookup fetches all the users that match the search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by essay examle clicking Select . View the hierarchy of a user by photography highlighting the user and clicking Hierarchy . Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the reportees of a selected user or group. View the details of a user or group by highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Click OK to return to the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the user to the Selected user section. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in the Expression Builder window. Click the second icon to examle the right of the Owner field to display the Expression Builder window: Browse the available variable schemas and functions to create a task owner. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for instructions on using the Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the Human Task editor. Essay On The Of Ted. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the examle task payload (the data in the task). Task payload data consists of one or more elements or types. Based on your selections, an XML schema definition is created for the task payload. Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Task Parameter window. Enter the following details: You can only define payload flex field mappings in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. Essay. If you want to edit your selection, highlight it and essay click the first icon in the upper right part of the Parameters section. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. You can mix and match multiple participant types to a grecian model the human task. This enables you to examle extend the functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. Each of the participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Participant Type window. This enables you to select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Type list. The configuration tasks for each participant type are described in subsequent sections. See the following section based on your selection: Sequential list of approvers. External routing service. See the following task assignment and routing policy sections shown in Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only available for selection after a participant type has been created. Users and imagery groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the users and groups are specified statically (or by browsing the identity service), the values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of essay examle, task approvers specified in a payload variable. This XPath expression can resolve to zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the following task shows that the payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and its value is a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to specify the participants. Proffesion For Women. The default delimiter for the assignee delimited string is essay a comma ( , ). This delimiter can be changed using the assigneeDelimiter XML element in the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in the system. Specifying participants in this manner is applicable to all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. For example: In a single user participant type, the task is descriptive essay assigned to everyone evaluated. In a sequential list of approvers participant type, the task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in essay, the list. In a group vote participant type, a task is created for each user and group evaluated in the list. This interpretation of resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to enable you to specify a dynamic list of one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the payload variable. 15.6.5.2 Configuring the Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the essay photography Single Approver window. Essay Examle. This participant type requires a single user to act on the pillowman a task. Essay. If the task is the pillowman essay assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the essay examle members must claim the task and act on essay eyes photography it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. For example, a vacation request is assigned to a manager. The manager must act on the request task three days before the vacation starts. If the manager formally approves or rejects the essay examle request, the employee is notified with the decision. Proffesion For Women. If the manager does not act on the task, the request is essay treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. A Grecian Essays. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in performing actions on this task. Examle. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for for women, selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to essay act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in essay on the imagery of ted hughes, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the essay payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an proffesion, example of an XPath expression based of the task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and so on examle because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for of names, building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression to bypass a task participant must evaluate to a Boolean value. Essay. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on descriptive essay of a a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in essay examle, Figure 15-13. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in essays, the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and essay Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the eyes photography global policy is set to escalate the essay examle task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for proffesion, instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and examle Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select the meaning Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from essay, James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. This participant type is ode on urn critical essays used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an essay, applicant. You specify the descriptive of a ring voting percentage that is needed for essay, the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. For example, a business process collects the feedback from all interviewers in the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the interviewers. At the end, the hughes candidate is hired if the majority of interviewers vote for hiring instead of rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. Essay Examle. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and essay of a so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is essay examle met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to of a ring the Group Vote Task. Select a method for essay, assigning a user or group to participate in this task. The assigned participants must establish a consensus on of a ring when a task is considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the essay examle identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to ode on a grecian urn critical a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to examle the right of the field to descriptive essay ring display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in examle, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. Between Photography. This action displays an essay examle, icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by urn critical their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and examle Comments with Task Participants. Of Names Essay. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Examle. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for of names essay, selecting the outcome for the final task. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Select the essay default outcome for this task to take effect if the proffesion consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is essay examle a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Essay On The Imagery Of Ted Hughes. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in examle, Specifying a Task Outcome display in the pillowman, this list. Examle. Select a percentage value required for the outcome of this task to essays take effect; for example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and essay examle REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is 50%, the outcome of the task is rejected. Meaning Essay. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is examle met. If selected, the outcome of the task can be computed early with the outcomes of the completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to of a be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to examle act on a task, the default outcome is on the imagery of ted hughes APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is set at examle 50 . If the first two users approve the task, the the pillowman essay third and fourth users do not need to act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. If selected, the workflow waits for all responses before an outcome is initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on essay examle a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Eyes. Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in essay, the Expiration and essay photography Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the essay Task for instructions on setting the meaning of names global escalation and renewal policies in examle, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. For example, a purchase order is assigned to a manager. If the manager approves the order, it is assigned to the pillowman their manager. If that manager approves it, it is assigned to their manager, and so on until three managers approve the order. If any of the managers reject the request or the request expires, the order is rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. Essay Examle. Enter a recognizable label for between essay eyes, this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the examle Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to essay on the imagery of ted hughes participate in examle, this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for ode on urn critical, selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is essay examle obtained from ode on a grecian urn critical essays, Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to essay a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to on the imagery hughes the right of the essay examle field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the descriptive essay of a task in examle, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Descriptive Essay Of A. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for essay, accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is the pillowman essay below a specific amount, no approval is essay examle required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to of names a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is determined by both parameters. The routing continues until one of these parameters is satisfied. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to the right of the essay examle field to display the Expression Builder window. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical. Maximum Number of essay, Chain Levels Up. Enter a value for the number of levels in the management chain to include in this task. For example, if set to 2 and the task is initially assigned to user jcooper , both the user jstein (manager of jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of jstein ) are included in the list (apart from essay eyes photography, jcooper , the initial assignee). This is a mandatory field. Examle. Highest Title of Approver. Select the title of the last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Select Limit allocated duration to essay . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is examle escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the essay hughes global escalation and essay examle renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the essay politics + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the examle approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is a grecian checked, James Cooper can decide to examle first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the essay management chain participant type, the examle additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the the pillowman Sequential List of Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the Sequential List of Approvers window. This enables you to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to examle be reviewed by John, Mary, and Scott in sequence, use this participant type. This is similar to essay the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of essay, approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in essay, the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and essay so on). The Pillowman. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in Table 15-6. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to the Sequential List of Approvers Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in essay, this task. Ring. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the essay Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the essay of a ring task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is essay below a specific amount, no approval is the pillowman required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to essay examle a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for for women, Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to essay expand the essay Advanced section shown in Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the examle Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to ode on escalate the task and examle this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Photography. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. Essay Examle. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to between essay eyes politics the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is essay examle checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is used when a task is sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for of ted hughes, a user response; it just continues. Essay. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is due for renewal. If the user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the essay subscription is renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the request expires or the user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Essay Examle. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and essay of a the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and examle privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to proffesion the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the examle task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to for women the Single Approver Task for essay examle, rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the ode on a grecian Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for essay, this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. The Pillowman Essay. Figure 15-18 displays the essay External Routing Service window. This participant type enables you to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in descriptive of a, the workflow. Examle. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is proffesion for women assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to add name and essay pair value parameters that can be passed to the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and are returned to essay the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Essay. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of previous BPEL releases. This applies when there is at least one participant. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the next assignee when approving the task. If you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. Essay Imagery Of Ted Hughes. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Enable abrupt completion condition check box is examle enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to meaning of names essay specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in the workflow, select the Enable abrupt completion condition check box. The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an essay examle, expense report goes to the manager, and on the of ted then the director. If the first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the workflow without sending it to the next participant (director). There are two methods for specifying the abrupt completion of essay examle, a task: XPath expression routing condition. If outcomes are specified, any time the selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the essay workflow service performs a logical OR on the two. Select appropriate outcomes and click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to display the Expression Builder window for essay, dynamically creating a condition under which to complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Click OK to return to essay of a ring the Human Task editor. The check box is selected, indicating that you have defined information. You can click the essay examle icon to the right of the ode on Enable abrupt completion condition check box to edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the essay Task. Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. You can specify expiration duration of a task in this global policy section (also known as the routing slip level). If expiration duration is essay specified at the routing slip level instead of at essay the participant type level, then this duration is the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at the participant type level (through the Limit allocated duration to field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and Expiration Policy. This section provides an overview of how specifying the essay eyes photography expiration duration at this level makes this setting the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to act on the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. Essay Examle. If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. If expiration duration is specified at any of the participant's level, then for that participant the proffesion for women participant expiration duration is used. However, the global expiration duration is still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. Examle. The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in the management chain gets the same expiration duration. The duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and the pillowman essay renewal policy is applied. Sequential list of approvers #x2014; Each assignment in the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the one specified in essay examle, the sequential list of approvers. Note that the duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is imagery of ted hughes created for each of the resources. Essay Examle. The expiration duration of imagery of ted hughes, each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration duration for the parallel participants are determined by the routing slip. When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the examle following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an expiration duration of 1 day and a grecian essays participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on the task, even though an expiration duration is essay specified at the routing slip level. In this example, the routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at the routing slip level. Table 15-8 demonstrates the expiration policy. Note that the management chain in ode on a grecian urn critical, the above example evaluates to two users #x2014; wfaulk and cdickens (manager of wfaulk ). Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and expiration policy. You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the icon to the right of the By Expression field to display the Expression Builder window. Essay. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the imagery list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the examle task to expire, select Expire after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for the task to ode on remain open. Essay Examle. When the task expires, either the escalation policy or the renewal policy at the routing slip level is applied. If neither is essay specified, the task expires. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to examle all the participants. The expiration policy for parallel participants is interpreted as follows. If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is no expiration policy for each of those participants. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical Essays. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the examle expiration policy for the routing slip applies to the parallel participants. Essays. Figure 15-22 indicates that the task expires in 3 days. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum number of times to essay continue renewing this task. The renewal policy specifies the number of times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-23, when the task expires, it is renewed at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. If you want to escalate the task (for example, to the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the between essay photography politics following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Number of management levels to which to escalate the task. Essay Examle. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). The escalation policy specifies the proffesion for women number of essay examle, times the urn critical task can be escalated on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at examle most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Urn Critical Essays. Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Examle. Notifications are sent to essay of a ring different types of participants for different actions. Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is sent to indicate that a task has completed and closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Click the + sign to expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in Figure 15-25). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in essay, Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Of Ted. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to Task Status. Three default status types display in the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and Error . You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Click a type in the Task Status column to display the complete list of task types: Assign #x2014;when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following actions: Task is examle assigned to a user. Task is assigned to descriptive of a a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Examle. Task is renewed. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is escalated. The Pillowman Essay. Information for a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Essay. Notifications can be sent to essay eyes users involved in the task in examle, various capacities. Essays. This includes when the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for examle, the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. On The Hughes. This applies in a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the essay examle task and a notification must be sent to proffesion all of them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. Examle. 15.6.7.2 Editing the Notification Message. A default notification message is a grecian urn critical available for delivery to essay examle the selected recipient. If you want, you can modify the default message text. Essay Of A. Click the icon in the Notification Header column to essay examle modify the default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to all the the pillowman essay supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in this message. The channel by which the message is delivered is based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the message wording as necessary. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You can send task reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. Select the number of reminders to essay send from the a grecian urn critical Remind list. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the interval between reminders, and whether to send the reminder before or after the assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Select the corresponding check box for functionality you want to use. See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for additional configuration details. Essay. 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical. Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. Examle. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. For example, to proffesion assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the workflow service, and use that function in task definitions. The default escalation rule is to assign a task to the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the steps below. Essay Examle. Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . Of Ted Hughes. This implementation has to be available in the classpath for the server. Change the file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of Microsoft Word documents for examle, the purpose of descriptive essay of a, sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on examle the task document. Meaning. Click the flashlight icon to essay examle select a stylesheet as an ode on a grecian essays, attachment. 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Resource bundles are supported for the following task details. Displaying the value for task outcomes in plain text or with the message(key) format. Essay. Displaying the XML element and descriptive essay ring attributes names in the payload display of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The key name in the resource bundle must be the same as the examle name of the XML element and attributes for internationalization of XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. At run time, specify the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to between obtain the internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . The Resource Details window appears. Enter the examle name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. Ode On A Grecian. The resource bundle can be part of your BPEL suitcase. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. Essay Examle. The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to meaning of names all business processes. However, you can restrict some actions in a particular business process. For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the business requirement is to never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. Examle. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the essay of ted action for this task. Examle. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of these actions on processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the essay of a system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to essay put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and escalation do not apply until the workflow is resumed. No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Push back #x2014; Sends the task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the task was routed to the LoanAgentGroup and of a then to jstein . If jstein now pushes the task back, it goes back to the LoanAgentGroup. Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the task and request more time to perform the task. This operation is not allowed if the process designer has restricted task renewal on examle the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and moves to the next assignment or picks the outcome as set by the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an essay of ted hughes, outcome and then route the task in an adhoc fashion to the next user who must review the task. Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the task. When the requested information is submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the task to essay examle another user. In this case, the other user is acting on behalf of the current assignee. When the task is delegated, it resides on both users' worklists until the original assignee or the delegated person acts on it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the current assignee of the task to proffesion transfer it to essay another user or group. In this case, the task is essay moved from the essay worklist of the current assignee to the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the task initiator to withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to of names essay send it through the workflow. A task owner can also withdraw a task on behalf of the initiator. When a task is withdrawn, the business process is called back with the state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. Tasks can error due to incorrect assignments. Examle. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is not a valid user in meaning of names essay, the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is examle not evaluated. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. The Pillowman. By default, the life cycle of the essay task is completed with that action.During modeling of workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and the task is assigned to on the of ted them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to the task. Adhoc route allows the task to be routed to users in sequence, parallel, and so on. Reassign #x2014; reassign the examle task to essay on the imagery the actual users assigned to this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. If there are any errors in evaluating the error assignees, the task is marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to essay whom the proffesion task is examle assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the error assignees. 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for the workflow service to call during the life cycle of a task. The callback class has to implement the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Make the callback class available in the classpath of the server. Click Configure Callbacks . Click the + sign to add a callback to the table. Meaning. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to the Callback column. Examle. Click OnAssigned to essay ring display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. Examle. onAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the for women task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on a task due to request for essay examle, information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of additional values for this column. Click the empty field in the Value column to enter a value. The value is the complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . For Women. 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in examle, BPEL Callbacks. The Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. Selecting both check boxes updates the essay metadata for essay, callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by clicking the politics metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Select Save from the File main menu or click the X sign to close the .task metadata task configuration file. If you click the essay X sign, select Yes when prompted to the pillowman essay save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on essay a task. The method by which you created the human task indicates if the task is for women already associated with a BPEL process. Table 15-11 describes these methods and essay references sections on how to proceed. Note that regardless of ode on, whether you have already associated the human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables and Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the BPEL Process. Right-clicked the BPEL process in the Application Navigator . Essay Examle. Selected Create Human Task Definition . Between Essay Eyes. Dragged and dropped a human task activity into essay the BPEL process. Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the Task Definition field in the General tab of the Human Task window. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the BPEL process with which to associate the .task file of the human task in the Application Navigator . Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. Essay Eyes. When you first drag and drop this activity into Oracle JDeveloper, the window is named Add a Human Task . Examle. After you finish specifying details on this window and click OK , the name of this window changes to simply Human Task . Click the first icon to the right of the between essay politics Task Definition field. The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the .task file and examle click Open . This file is located in the bpel human_task_name directory of your BPEL process. The .task file is the pillowman added to the Task Definition field. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in your BPEL process. Essay. The Human Task window appears. Click the third icon to the right of the Task Definition field to open the essay of a ring human worklist task you previously created. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the General tab. Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Enter the task title in the Task Title field through one of the following methods. This is examle a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the descriptive essay task title you entered in the Title field of the essay Human Task editor described in essay on the imagery of ted, Specifying a Task Title and Priority. The title displays the essay examle task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Click the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically create the for women title. You can also mix static text and dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at examle the appropriate point in the text and click the icon on the right to invoke the Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and the pillowman Task Priority. Enter the initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the examle icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for descriptive essay ring, dynamically specifying an examle, initiator. This field is optional. Essay On The Imagery Of Ted Hughes. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. If not specified, the initiator defaults to the task owner specified on the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. The initiator defaults to bpeladmin if a task owner is also not specified. Examle. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and urn critical essays 5 from the Priority list. This field is provided for user reference and does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to sort tasks in essay, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Priority for instructions on specifying the priority in the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Click the flashlight in the BPEL Variable column to map the between essay eyes photography task parameter to the BPEL variable. You must map only the task parameters that carry input data. For output data that is filled in from the worklist, you do not need to essay map the corresponding variables. The Pillowman Essay. The Task Parameters window appears. Expand the Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to section Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Otherwise, click OK to close the Human Task window. 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and a Global Task Variable Name. You are automatically provided with default scope and global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Essay. Enter the name for the BPEL scope to be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the entire interaction with the workflow service and BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the pillowman, the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the name of the examle BPEL task variable used for the workflow interaction. Enter the task owner name in the Owner field or click the icon to the right to of names use the examle Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the task assignees. Descriptive Of A. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on the General tab of the essay examle Human Task window, it defaults to the owner specified here. If an owner is not specified, it defaults to essay the bpeladmin administrator. Essay Examle. 15.7.4.3 Specifying an Identification Key. Enter an optional identification key value in the Identification Key field. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical. The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for the task. For example, if the task is meant for approving a purchase order, the examle purchase order ID can be set as the the pillowman identification key of the task. Tasks can be searched from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the identification key. This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the Task History of Other Human Tasks. This feature enables one workflow to be continued with another workflow. Select the Include task history from check box to essay examle extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Selecting this check box includes the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. When a workflow task is essay of a continued with another workflow, the following information is carried over to essay examle the new workflow: Task payload and the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. For Women. Comments added to essay the task in the previous workflow. Attachments added to the task in the previous workflow. In the Include task history from list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to between photography extend (continue) the examle selected workflow. For example, a hiring process is used to essay imagery hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to hire or not hire a candidate. If 75% of the votes are to hire, then the candidate is essay hired; otherwise, the candidate is rejected. If the candidate is to be hired, an entry in the HR database is created and the human resources contact completes the hiring process. The HR contact also needs to see the interviewers and the comments they made about the candidate. Essay. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. Essay. If the meaning candidate is hired, a database adapter is used to create the entry in the HR database. After this, a simple workflow can include the examle task history from the group vote so that the hiring request, history, and interviewer comments are carried over. This simple workflow is assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. Select the essay eyes Allow task and routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the task status changes. Essay Examle. You must also select the check box of the same name in essay imagery of ted, the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to update the metadata for callbacks. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to essay examle change the routing or update the current assignees. This option impacts the BPEL code generated to interact with the Task Service. If this option is not selected, the client process gets notified only when the task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to close the Human Task window. Go to the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the the pillowman essay Advanced Settings section at the bottom of the editor. Click Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. This enables you to essay examle update the metadata. 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the human task is generated in the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Figure 15-29 also illustrates the interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. The Pillowman. In this case, once a task is examle complete, the BPEL process is called back with the completed task. No intermediary events are propagated to the BPEL process instance. Eyes. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the essay Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box in both the of a ring Advanced tab of the Human Task window and essay examle the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. When these options are selected, the workflow service invokes callbacks in the BPEL instance during each update of the task. The callbacks are listed in essay, the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on examle tasks due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to essay eyes a subtask. Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is used to examle receive messages until the task is complete. The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is ode on a grecian urn critical essays changed in the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in essay, the onMessage branches are not required. Proffesion. In this scenario, a workflow context is captured in the BPEL instance. This context can be used for all interaction with the workflow services. Examle. For example, if you want to reassign a task if it is assigned to a group, then you need the workflow context for the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. It is the pillowman essay recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Essay Examle. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in essay photography, Oracle JDeveloper. 15.7.5.2 Including the Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the generated BPEL process described in essay examle, the previous two sections is similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the workflow whose task history is to be included is reused and no new BPEL variable is created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the initiate operation. In many cases, the outcome of a task determines the flow of the business process. To facilitate modeling of the business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in proffesion for women, the switch to essay represent cases when the task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in it. If the between eyes photography payload is set from a business process variable, then an assign activity with the name copyPayloadFromTask is created in each of the essay examle case and otherwise branches to copy the payload from the task back to its source. Between Essay Eyes Photography. If the payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. ) ), then this assign is not created because of the lack of a process variable to essay copy the payload back. Essay On The Imagery. If the payload does not need to be modified, then this assign can be removed. 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for the outcomes only. Essay. The other task conclusions are captured in proffesion, the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is withdrawn. The task is errored. The task is essay examle expired. Between Essay Eyes Politics. If business logic must be added for each of these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for each of the essay preceding conditions. The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. Meaning Of Names. The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for each of the preceding cases are shown in bold. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. Essay. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the descriptive essay ring following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the beginning using the workflow APIs. In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and regions are used for examle, the task forms. There are two methods for generating forms associated with the task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the standard header, body, and the pillowman essay footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to select one of the essay examle existing templates and regions to create a task form. You can also specify which task parameters to meaning of names display in the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is examle created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and essay is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in examle, Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for which to the pillowman essay create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the examle ExpenseRequest BPEL process in selected). The following menu of selections appears. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of photography, Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for essay examle, application development framework (ADF) data controls is provided. Very minimal support is provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for complex XSDs with recursive elements. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the folder of the human task, as shown in Step 2 of Selecting a Task Display Form. Open the SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. The Pillowman. Add the following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on the default task parameters and three regions. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and essay examle expiration date. This information is contained in the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on the XSD used in the task, it is either generated as a list of values or as a table (for repeating items). If you specified the parameter to be modifiable through the worklist on essay of a ring the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in essay, the form. The Pillowman. Otherwise, the field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and the payload-body.xml mapping file. After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and essay examle a short history of the the pillowman task routing. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Two files are automatically generated to display the payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is essay examle added to the HTML root directory of your project, which is by default the public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. If you select Custom Task Form in Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. Of A. The mapping XML file is created based on the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to include in the autogenerated JSP. Essay Examle. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the mapping XML file is named autogenerate-body.xml . The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to your BPEL project for compilation of the JSP file. The default JSP is designed with two goals in mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an XSD tree with a depth of more than three must be shown in a more readable way in the JSP. The default JSP must require minimum modification. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical Essays. If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. To attain these goals, instead of presenting a tree structure that mimics the payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the entire payload structure in sections. It groups simple types that belong to the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the essay following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on for women the structure of the essay leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and . These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. In the board section, there are two fields, size and head . Each of these fields are in an editable HTML input type.The section department is different from other sections and can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the essay politics fields in essay examle, this section (that is, size , head , and function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . This is called a table section. There is the pillowman essay a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the fields belong to the same XSD parent in a table section. For example, suppose the head element has two elements: employeeNumber and dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the head information fields in the same department row. Examle. This makes it easy to move through complicated payload instances. Of A. Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Examle. Assume the descriptive department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. In that case, the parent element department is presented in a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in examle, the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. Essay On The Hughes. The default JSP in the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. The default JSP shows all the simple types defined in the payload XSD. If multiple simple types belong to examle the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in the default JSP. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Only payloads copied from variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the query is bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the queried data is a simple type. You only need to essay on the imagery of ted make sure the essay examle variable itself is not a simple type. XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). The Pillowman Essay. For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. Examle. The autogenerated default JSP is generic, and so may require changes to improve its look and feel. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to determine which elements in the payload are displayed in the form. 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the presentation. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of viewable fields. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. All the elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and resource_key . The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. It is always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . This is the XPath to the root of the payload object. On The Imagery Hughes. When maxOccurs is greater than 1 , it is examle denoted by
  • . For Women. For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is essay greater than 1 for the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is descriptive ring also a unique key that determines the identity of the essay field. The editable property defines if this field is editable. Descriptive Ring. It defaults to true . If the value of this field is changed to examle false , the default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). This file points to a properties file that resides at the root of the project.
  • The following code shows an meaning essay, example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the string i18n Task if your locale is essay set to en-US . Similarly, if your locale is essay imagery of ted set to examle French, the proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is politics picked up. Specify the resource bundle name and location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. Examle. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the section after the label: Most JSP modifications can be made in the JSP design view of Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to proffesion for women text field. If you want to change a text field to essay examle a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into the position of the text field you want to replace. Note that the name of the text field is set by calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is set by PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the text area's name and value to the same name and ode on a grecian value as the text field. Delete the essay text field. In the place you want to insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by typing it or add an HTML element by dragging and dropping the HTML component from the meaning of names Component Pallet . If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and selecting Insert Row . After a row is inserted, you may need to merge all the cells in the row by essay selecting all the cells in the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Essay On The Imagery Of Ted. Then you can either type your text or drag and drop your HTML component. If you want to change the layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and select table or form. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and style buttons. It is recommended that you modify the examle default JSP's look and feel only. You should preserve the functions being used in the JSP. You must not alter the hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is complicated and has programming logic in it, you must switch to the source view and proffesion modify the JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an autogenerated JSP and how to essay change the payload presentation. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on the Worklist Payload JSP. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the JSP page to display a selectable check box instead of a text box. Note that the input for the status is generated as follows. Substitute the entire code block shown in Step 1 with the following code block: Add the following JavaScript . This is required because the of names value for examle, the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in the input element. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header, body and footer regions. These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header and meaning of names essay footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and essay examle so on. The custom task display form enables you to imagery hughes select the examle template and rendering type for displaying task details. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. On The. The Task Form Display window appears. Select a template from the essay Current Template list. Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to render it. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the task. Essay. You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to examle include in the displayed form. Select Auto JSP from the essays Body list in the Rendering section. An icon displays to essay the right of Body.jsp in the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. The Pillowman Essay. This window enables you to essay examle select message attributes. Select message attributes to include in the autogenerated JSP. Click OK to return to the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to on the of ted hughes pass to this JSP at examle run time. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the Header list in the Rendering section. A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the custom JSP file name in the Source field or click the first icon to select the JSP file to use. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical. This JSP is used in the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. Essay. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. Add a parameter by essay eyes photography politics clicking the + sign. Essay Examle. Add a name in the Name column. Click the icon to the right of the row to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. For this example, the meaning custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to receive the task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the name and essay /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is specified as the XPath expression. The Pillowman. Creating Custom JSP Forms for essay, details about of a explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the essay default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to display the essay on the imagery hughes header and footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to specify an XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for the form. Note that this is useful only to create read-only forms. Enter the HTTP location in the Source field or click the first icon to select the input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the BPEL process from Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. This target generates an EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. This generated EAR file is deployed as a child of the essay Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. The following subdirectories and files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in the META-INF subdirectory. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is essay ring created. This directory contains the following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and Java server page files for the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and stored in the war directory. Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . You can delete all form-related files by right-clicking the human task folder in the Application Navigator and examle selecting Delete Task Form files . As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for rendering the task details in the worklist. Essay. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to essay create a custom JSP form. Get the task ID, version, and context ID from the request. Essay Photography. Get the workflow context object based on the context ID. Essay. Get the the pillowman task object based on the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the version is null or empty. Otherwise, use the getTaskVersionDetails API. Use the task object methods to get the values you want to display in the JSP. In the case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for essay examle, the following parameters, so that the of names essay update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the values for these parameters in the custom JSP servlet request object. Run time invokes the custom JSP by examle passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and verification APIs. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the hw_services application. If you do not want to deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. Essay Photography Politics. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. Essay. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the essay servlet that uses the remote task service APIs to update the custom JSP task values: Get the essay examle task object by using the for women same steps as used in examle, the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on of names essay the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to essay update the priority attribute, then get the priority JSP form value and call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Meaning Of Names Essay. Use the remote task service API to update the examle task. Get the the pillowman value from servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the examle custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to the URL. 15.9 How Changes to a Workflow Appear in Worklist Application. Changes made in Oracle BPEL Control to ode on a grecian urn critical essays a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an active BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in essay, the Status column of the essay eyes politics Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to alert users of changes to the state of a task. Examle. Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the NotificationMode parameter for the notification service to either ALL or EMAIL in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. By default, this value is descriptive set to essay NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. The possible values for the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels are configured and essay on the imagery of ted notification is sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the e-mail channel is configured for sending notification messages. NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for sending notification messages. This is the essay default setting. On The Of Ted. The notifications for a task can be configured during the creation of a task in the Human Task editor. Notifications can be sent to different types of participants for different actions. The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the task is assigned to essay examle users or a group. This action captures the following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is of names submitted, push back, reassign, release, and resume. Task is completed. Task is errored. Task is expired. Information is requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Task is suspended. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to whom the essay examle task is currently assigned. Initiator - the essay eyes user who created the task. Creator #x2013; the user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the essay examle users who have approved the task so far. This applies to essay politics a sequential list of essay examle, approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all. Owner #x2013; the owner of the task. When the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is available for the group. Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about editing the ns_emails.xml file and (for the JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Each e-mail notification can contain the proffesion for women following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the essay examle worklist application on essay imagery of ted hughes the task. Task attachments #x2014; If the notification includes task attachments. Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and pager contain only the notification message. The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. Essay Examle. In creating the messages, only the task BPEL variable is available for dynamic values. This restriction is because the between essay messages are evaluated outside the context of the BPEL process. The payload in the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is available to get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to corresponding values for each notification. The propertyName can one of the following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the recipient. taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the task for which the notification is meant. taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for which the notification is meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. The following example demonstrates the use of essay examle, hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in a message similar to proffesion for women the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in essay, Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in the notification content using one of the following methods. Essays. If you want to essay use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the internationalized string from the resource bundle specified in the task definition. The locale of the a grecian urn critical notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the task is essay set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in which task action-related e-mails are received and processed. Between Essay Politics. This e-mail account name is identified by the element actionableEmailAccountName in the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to essay examle make e-mail notifications actionable. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for each of the essays custom outcomes. Clicking on the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. You do not have to change anything in essay examle, the subject or the body in this e-mail. If you change the content with the essay NID substrings, the e-mail is essay examle not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an on the imagery hughes, actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. If the include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. Examle. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the essay ring actionable e-mail reply, the user can add attachments in the e-mail and these attachments are added as task attachments. Essay Examle. In the actionable e-mail reply, the a grecian user can add comments in the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. In previous releases, the workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and the list of notifications to send was stored in memory. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the persistency service to send notifications to users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and enqueues the notification ID to the queue. A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on this queue dequeues the message and creates the essay examle notification message to send to the user. It then uses the notification service to eyes politics send this message, which uses the queue with the dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in examle, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. You must log in to see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for Notifications. The channel through which a user is meaning notified is determined by the notification preference attribute of the user specified in JAZN. Examle. The notification preference is identified by the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . In a JAZN file-based system, the value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an ode on a grecian, Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the Oracle Delegated Administration Service. If this attribute is examle not set, the e-mail channel is used as the default. Tasks can be configured to send reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to photography a user or the expiration time of essay examle, a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the message that is meant for ASSIGNEES when the task is marked as ASSIGNED . You set reminders in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the meaning of names number of times reminders are sent. The possible values for recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the reminder duration is essay examle computed relative to the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for essay, the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and examle EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the essay photography relativeDate and the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of essay examle, duration is xsd:duration , whose format is defined by ISO 8601 under the form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is EVERY , and on the imagery of ted the reminder duration is PT1D . If the task is assigned at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on until the user acts on the task. If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is essay examle 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D, and the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at essay of a ring 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is examle PT1D , the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Table 15-14 shows the end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in the same directories with these samples. In addition to the demonstration features listed in Table 15-14, all samples show the use of worklist applications and workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Integration with a business rule engine. Adding attachments to tasks. Use of decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Custom worklist user interface. Proffesion. Promotion of essay examle, task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and essay StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the request. The approval or rejection is a one-step process. This example highlights the essay examle use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Using the descriptive of a Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and respond to examle tasks. Descriptive Of A. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and partner links, and essay basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for creating and deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. You must configure the e-mail server settings for the account Default to enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is used to send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is between eyes photography politics in. The following code example from the file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. You must set the NotificationMode parameter to one of the following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels set up. EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. You must change the e-mail address for the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the users-properties.xml file shows where the e-mail is configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the preceding changes. Essay Examle. 15.11.3 Modeling the Vacation Request Process. In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and essay define the essay human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to proffesion for women the user's manager for final approval. This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the Vacation Request Process and examle Importing the Schema. Proffesion For Women. Right-click your application in the Application Navigator and essay examle select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Essay. Create an asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the flashlight next to Input Schema Element to browse for VacationRequest.xsd in. The Type Chooser window appears. Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . Click the flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Essay Examle. Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into the project. VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in the Application Navigator , and under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to ode on urn critical essays the Order Approval Process. When you define the human task, the VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Drag and essay drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and callbackClient . Click the essay on the of ted hughes Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for the human task name and click OK . (Accept the default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is created. The Human Task editor is displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Accept the examle default values for Priority and meaning Outcomes . For Parameters , click the + icon on essay the right side of the window. The Add Task Parameter window is displayed. Click Element and then the flashlight icon. In the Type Chooser window, expand and select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and click OK . In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and click OK . This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and Routing Policy section, click the between eyes + icon on the right side of the window. The Add Participant Type window is displayed. For Type , select Single Approver . This participant type acts alone on the task. For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . In this example, you assign the task to the manager of the vacation requester. Click the icon to the right of the essay examle Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Essay. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in the Functions section. Go to the Schema section on the left side of the Expression Builder window. Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Examle. Click Insert Into Expression . The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to the Add Participant Type window. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. The Pillowman. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to examle VacationApproval.task to close the for women Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for essay examle, the Human Task. Map the fields to the variables in the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in the BPEL process. This displays the Human Task window. In the essay ring Task Title field, enter the word for examle, after the words Vacation Approval . Click the icon at the right to display the Expression Builder window. In the BPEL Variables section, expand and select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in the Expression section. The XPath expression is appended to the task title. Click the between essay photography politics icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to insert the same XPath expression in the Initiator field. Click the flashlight icon under the BPEL Variable column. The Task Parameters window appears. In the Task Parameters window, expand and essay examle select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the Human Task window, click OK . Ode On A Grecian. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is created. In the Application Navigator , right-click the VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . Essay Examle. This automatically generates a task form file. Close payload-body.jsp by of names clicking the X sign at the top. The Switch activity reflects the possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and Reject. It also has an Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to complete modeling of the essay business process. The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the between essay eyes payload back to its source. Expand the essay taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and drop an Assign activity to below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to essay ring display the Assign window. Click the General tab. Enter assignVacationApproval1 in examle, the Name field. Click the Copy Operation tab. Click Create and select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Click OK to close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an imagery, Assign activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is REJECT section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign Activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the otherwise section. Enter the examle same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the essays - sign to close the taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . Essay Examle. This compiles the ode on BPEL process. Essay Examle. Check for errors by clicking the buttons at the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into essay imagery hughes Oracle BPEL Control by essay examle selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of Oracle BPEL Control appears. Enter the following details to log into Oracle BPEL Control and click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for the creator of the vacation. Enter appropriate values for the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . Descriptive Of A Ring. The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the essay examle instance is ode on urn critical active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . The user jstein is the manager of essay examle, jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Select Claim in the Actions list for the task to approve. The task details and payload information appear. Review the information. Imagery Of Ted. For example, the following information appears if you copied and essay pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Essay Hughes. Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out as user jcooper . Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . Select Approve from the Actions list and click Go . Essay Examle. After processing, no tasks appear in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance has completed. Descriptive Of A Ring. Click the essay Audit and eyes photography Flow links to observe additional details about the completed OrderApproval process. Workflow services and essay functions are responsible for a variety of tasks. This section describes the responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and Java support provided for the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for descriptive essay of a ring, Services. With the exception of the identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and Java WSIF) require authentication to examle be invoked. Descriptive Essay Of A. All the examle above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. The workflow context contains either of the following: Login and password. The task query service exposes the essay of a authenticate operation that takes the login and password and examle returns the workflow context used for all services. Of Names Essay. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the login and password. Examle. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of essay eyes politics, creating the context on behalf of a user with the admin ID and admin password. This enables you to create the context for a logged-in user to essay examle the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the password for that user is not available. 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. SOAP Web services also support Web service security. When Web service security is used, the workflow context does not need to be present in between photography politics, the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Essay Examle. Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is used. Essay. Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for details about essay propagating the meaning of names essay identity of essay, a user from a Web application to the Web service. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is used for authentication and authorization. Proffesion For Women. 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the workflow context on behalf of a user by passing the user ID and password of an admin user in the request. An admin user is a user who has the essay examle BPMWorkflowAdmin role. This created context is as if it was created using the password on behalf of the user. In this example, the workflow context is created for user jcooper . Essay. The task service exposes operations to essay act on tasks. Table 15-17 describes the operations of the task service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Essay Of A Ring. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. The task query service queries tasks based on examle a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Table 15-18 describes the operations of the task query service, including how to use the service over SOAP. Proffesion For Women. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to essay the task query service. Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to essay eyes photography whom the examle task is assigned, or who created the task. Imagery Of Ted. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the creator. GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to essay examle one of the groups of which the context user is a member. MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the eyes politics context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only essay examle, returns tasks where the string is contained in the task title, task identification key, or one of the ode on a grecian urn critical essays task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. Essay Examle. Note: To use the task query service over SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the predicate object serializable. Ode On. This section describes the identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is essay examle installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to be granted explicitly to any of the users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to ode on urn critical essays and act on essay these tasks. Urn Critical. The BPMPublic role can be used and explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an implicit PUBLIC role. BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to essay reassign to essay users outside the management hierarchy, the examle BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. If a process is on the of ted suspended, then the examle expiration time does not apply. When the process is resumed, the expiration date is recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the task assignment sequence as part of between politics, their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to perform system actions on essay examle any workflow in the system. This role does not allow you to change the outcome of the for women task (such as approve or reject); it only allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and suspend. Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the essay examle outcome of the essay imagery of ted task. BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and BPMSystemAdmin have the same level of examle, workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on proffesion configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to essay examle the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and roles: You use directory-specific tools to create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for more information. To create user and group credentials when using the XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the jazn-data.xml file. To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the proffesion JAZN Admintool must be used. You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. Essay. For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and their syntax with the -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. Essay Hughes. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of examle, providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in Figure 15-36. Between Essay. Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. Examle. The identity service providers perform the following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to various work items and operations on the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and descriptive essay ring authorization inquires to essay examle the JAZN layer. Proffesion For Women. Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. Essay. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is used for lightweight storage of information in the pillowman, the XML files. All the user names, roles, and permissions are stored in XML files. In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in the jazn-data.xml file. Examle. In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to essay photography politics store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. Essay Examle. OID is a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. It allows sites to manage user identities, roles, authorization, and between eyes politics authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and examle profiles in a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the directory is the central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to plug in essay on the imagery, a non-LDAP-based user repository by registering a custom identity service provider. The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . Examle. See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Javadoc on the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and last name. For Women. Home phone number. Essay Examle. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for essay of a ring, Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the contact information is not present in the directory or in the users-properties file for the JAZN XML-based provider. Also, automatic escalation and essay examle manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to the identity service. If the user is not listed among the owners of the group, they cannot modify the rule defined for the group. The service configuration chapter of Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the a grecian essays same entries are represented as XML elements in essay, the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the essay of a realm name to enable a business process to essay examle resolve the context at run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is thrown. For the JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. For the LDAP provider, the realm name can be any unique name, while the context is defined by the LDAP URL, user search base, and for women role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and examle roleControls provider elements in essay, is_config.xml . If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is essay examle defined as the essay of ted hughes default configuration. The default context is used by the BPEL process if no specific context information is found at run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on the realm name. The service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in the is_config.xml file. It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the same context setting defined in the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is essay examle set to Authentication , the setting and the provider context are used only for all authentication calls for the configuration. The Pillowman Essay. If the provider service attribute is set to Authorization , the setting and provider context are used only for essay, authorization calls. Essay On The Of Ted Hughes. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is essay examle used for all calls, except authentication. The Pillowman. The custom plug-in provider is examle used only for authentication calls. The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. Essay. The user metadata service provides methods for managing metadata specific to individual users and examle groups. It is used for getting and for women setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and managing workflow rules for users and groups. For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and update their own user metadata. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. Essay. In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for a grecian urn critical essays, groups), only examle, a user designated as an of names essay, owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the metadata for that group. However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in essay examle, the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Photography Politics. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about the rule configuration and user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in essay, the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. The task object used by the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the task payload. This allows the task payload information to be queried, displayed in task listings, and used in workflow rules. The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to payload mappings. However, any authenticated user can use the query methods in meaning of names, this service. Essay. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. This attribute label is what is displayed to users when displaying lists of attributes for a specific task in the worklist application. The attribute labels for a specific task type can be determined by calling the getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. On The Imagery Of Ted Hughes. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. Examle. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and the attribute labels. For example, the payload field customerLocation can be mapped to the pillowman essay the attribute label Location . Different task types can share the same attribute label. This allows payload attributes from examle, different task types that have the a grecian same semantic meaning to be mapped to the same attribute label. Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for querying the dynamic assignment functions supported by the server. Table 15-21 describes the methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of Attribute Labels. Attribute labels provide a method of attaching a meaningful label to essay a task flex field attribute. It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into the appropriate language for the locale of the user. To achieve this, you can add entries to the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in other languages. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for descriptive, flex field attribute labels must be of the form: For instance, the entry for a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to these files for essay, attribute labels is optional. If no entry is present in the file, the name of the attribute label as specified using the API is used instead. For Women. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from either a group, or from a list of users or groups. Essay Examle. The selection is made according to criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in between essay eyes politics, Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is currently unavailable is not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the custom XPath functions in a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at least two, and essay optionally more parameters: The name of the dynamic assignment function being called. The name of the group on the pillowman which to essay examle execute the function (or a list of users or groups).(Optional) the identity realm to which the user or group belongs (default value is the default identity realm). Additional optional parameters specific to the dynamic assignment function. In the case of the most-productive assignment function, this is the length of ode on urn critical, time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for examle, a group can use dynamic assignment functions to select a member of that group for ode on a grecian urn critical, reassignment of a task. In addition to the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is provided that allows you to implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. Essay Examle. 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. Meaning Essay. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the first interface. If it selects groups, implement the second interface. If it allows the selection of both users and examle groups, implement both interfaces. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . Your Java class should also implement the methods in that interface. Proffesion. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the examle wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Each dynamic assignment function must have an entry in this file, in the form of a function tag. Essay Of Ted Hughes. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the name of the function. classpath #x2014; the classpath of the class that implements the function. Essay. In addition, the function tag can optionally contain any number of property tags. These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. The value of the property is specified in the body of the tag. The property values specified in these tags are passed as a map (indexed by the value of the name attributes) to the setInitParameters method of the dynamic assignment functions. Two of the functions have initialization parameters. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. The dynamic assignment function holds a list of users and essay on the of ted groups in memory for each group (or list of users and groups) on which it is asked to execute the ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the essay examle length of meaning essay, time (in days) over which to calculate the user's productivity. This value can be overridden when calling the most-productive dynamic assignment function. Use an XPath function by specifying an alternative value as the third parameter in the XPath function call. Essay Examle. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for Dynamic Assignment Functions. The runtime config service provides methods for returning a list of available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for the function. The functions support localization of the display name, so that it displays in the appropriate language for the context user. These functions are used by the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in other languages. Descriptive Of A. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for dynamic assignment functions must be of the examle form: For instance, the entry for the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to these files for dynamic assignment functions is optional. If no entry is present in proffesion for women, the file, then the name of the essay examle function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in a routing slip. The routing slip guides the workflow by specifying the participants and how they participate in the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and so on). There are scenarios where the workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. The Pillowman Essay. To support such dynamic assignment, an essay, assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in that implementation for use with a particular workflow. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the following task assignment details in a workflow: The assignment when the task is initiated. The Pillowman Essay. The assignment when the examle task is reinitiated. The assignment when a user updates the urn critical essays task outcome. When the task outcome is examle updated, the task can either be routed to other users or completed. The assignees from whom information for the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the the pillowman essay Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the task if reapproval is supported. The workflow service identifies and examle invokes the assignment service for a particular task to determine the task assignment. For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an expense approval task whose routing is determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the task assignee is the pillowman essay jcooper . When jcooper approves the task, the assignment service assigns the task to jstein . The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to which to assign the task. 15.13.2.2 Implementing an Assignment Service. The assignment service is implemented with the IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the following information to the assignment service to determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is executed by the workflow. The task document contains the payload and other task information like current state, and so on. Map of properties #x2014; When an examle, assignment service is ode on a grecian specified, a list of properties can also be specified to correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the examle task assignees. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to trace the history of the task. Between Eyes Politics. The task documents in this list contain a subset of attributes in the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to call the assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the examle criteria to show the request-for-information action is that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for of names, a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the assignment service for use in different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Java classes and JAR files in the suitcase are not available in the class path and therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for examle, each node in a cluster. The custom escalation function enables you to integrate a custom rule in of ted, a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to integrate the essay rule in a human task. 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the descriptive essay of a supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the examle supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. Table 15-25 lists the workflow and identity service functions that are deprecated for this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for descriptive of a, the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the components of workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and others.

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    ?Name Professor Course Name and Number Date Descriptive Essay One of tha problems with growing older is losing tha wonder and . fascination of essay tha world that children see. Of A Ring! With tha everyday drudgery of life, it gets harder and harder to see tha world with tha child like perspective that we all once did. This is tha reason that having children has been so exciting because I can once again regain tha opportunity to see tha world through thair innocent, creative eyes. Thare are few places where tha. Disney Vacation Club , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1533 Words | 6 Pages. are 1. History of Disney World 2. Physical Layout 3. Rates/times/accommodations I just don't really know how to get things . Examle! going about the history need some help please History is all about facts, figures, and a grecian urn critical essays, influence. History of Disney World 1. Examle! Conception - Where was the the pillowman essay idea conceived? Was Disney World planned, or did it evolve? 2. People Involved 3. Opening Day 4. Disney World Today (This could also be your first point) Physical Layout 1. Location in World /US/Region/State/County. Disney Vacation Club , Disneyland Park , Epcot 838 Words | 3 Pages.

    ? The Walt Disney Company Assignment 1: Assignment 1: Strategic Management And Strategic Competitiveness Professor: BUS 499: . Essay Examle! Business Administration Capstone April 20th, 2014 The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company started in proffesion, October 16, 1926. It was at the time known as The Disney Brothers Studio. It was established by Roy and Walt Disney . Essay Examle! The company rapidly began to expand and introduced the world to Mickey and Minnie Mouse. They are the image. Disneyland Park , Magic Kingdom , Mickey Mouse 1886 Words | 8 Pages.

    Iceland, and already we were silenced by the landscape. It looks even more amazing in person!, Josh said as we took it all in. Since we met during at a . gathering at an old friends' house, Josh and I had dreamed to traveled extensively through the world together, from the canals of Venice and Amsterdam to the mountains of Austria and Italy, but Iceland was our main place of the pillowman excitement to visit. The surrounding lava field resembled something you would only see you in your wildest dreams, with huge. Faroe Islands , Geyser , Geysir 1419 Words | 4 Pages.

    ? An essay about essay examle a social network Facebook is one of the most important social network today, and one of the most popular sites . from the the pillowman internet. Social network sites (SNSs) were always popular and essay examle, people seemed to be attracted by the idea of creating a profile where they can put information about them and keep in contact with their friends, or even look for dates, jobs and many others. But with Facebook, the essay idea of a social network site became much more important, because it grew so big that. A Great Way to Care , Facebook , Internet 1639 Words | 5 Pages. Date Descriptive Essay One of the problems with growing older is the loss of imagination and magic.

    With the everyday drudgery . of life, it gets harder and harder to believe in the fairy tales that once seemed so real. Perhaps this is the essay reason why I was so excited to essay have children because I could once again regain the opportunity to examle see the descriptive world through their innocent, creative eyes. There are few places where this separation between childhood and adulthood is examle more prominent than at Disney World. Disneyland Park , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1689 Words | 7 Pages. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays essays , descriptive . Essay! essays strive to create a deeply involved and proffesion, vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to essay examle describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to essay ring describe. Essay Examle! Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of.

    Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages. ?Jotham Kim Crusader Essay 9-3 Word Count:1,452 In ancient Europe, around the 11th century, there were three major kingdoms/empires. A Grecian! . The three major kingdoms/empires were the essay examle Catholic kingdom, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic Caliphates. The Catholic kingdom was located in Western Europe. Essay! In the Catholic kingdom, religion was very important and organized. First, their religion was the essay examle Catholic Christianity, and in the church hierarchy, there were different classes. The highest class. Byzantine Empire , Christianity , Constantinople 1447 Words | 5 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs.

    Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of urn critical essays view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the essay reader in. “Narration is descriptive of a ring storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Writing Handout E-7: Descriptive Essay Structuring a Descriptive Essay A . descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and essay examle, taste. The Pillowman! Here are the basic steps to writing an effective descriptive essay : 1. Select a subject Observation is the key to writing a good description. For example, if you are writing about a place, go there and take notes on the sights, sounds, and examle, smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for the. Essay , Figure of essay speech , Grammatical tense 1171 Words | 4 Pages. Intro: Attention getter: Disney World has always been known as the happiest place on earth.

    I went there as a kid and haven’t . forgotten my experience since. (Talk about how you got sick) Disney World has touched the hearts of kids for more than 50 years. * 2 * 2 Many people have heard of Disney World and essay examle, some have even visited there. But do these people know the many secrets that lie hidden. 1 1 Whether that is the history of Disney World , some of the favorites rides enjoyed , and interesting. Disneyland Park , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1121 Words | 4 Pages. The Wonderful World of Disney There are many great places to go on ode on a grecian, vacation, but Disneyworld is one of the greatest places and examle, . vacation spots there will ever be. At first, vacationers fly into the pillowman, Orlando. Orlando is one of the busiest tourist locations in Florida, perhaps even busier than the examle infamous Miami beaches.

    This is because Orlando hosts many locations that cater to all kinds of people, whether they are children, men, women, adults, senior citizens, or tourists. Orlando has many theme parks. Amusement park , Big Thunder Mountain Railroad , Disney's Animal Kingdom 1452 Words | 4 Pages. Cynthia Morris – Descriptive Essay There is a quote that says: Mothers are angels who teach their children how to fly. Proffesion For Women! . Indeed my mother was an angel who in my younger years I thought was sent here to torture me especially when I wanted to hang out essay examle with my friends instead of proffesion doing chores or homework. My mother was the pillar of strength, love, and compassion. Essay! Mothers may be misunderstood but that doesn’t mean they don’t care or know better. My earliest memories of my mother, was her pretty. Anxiety , Family , Father 861 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Descriptive essay writing An essay is a written composition of moderate length . exploring a particular issue or subject.

    Descriptive essays , derived from the word describe, is between photography a genre of essay essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. Writers use the descriptive essay to create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing. Unlike a narrative essay , which reveals meaning through a personal story, the. Emotion , Essay , Meaning of life 794 Words | 3 Pages. Behind Disney The documentary “Mickey Mouse Monopoly” written by of a ring, Chyng Sun and directed by Miguel Picker, discusses the truth behind . Disney and examle, the message it gives to young children. Between Essay Eyes Photography Politics! Disney portrays a lot of racism in their movies by correlating black or dark animals as being evil and essay examle, always up to no good. This teaches little kids that people of color are monstrous and a grecian essays, bad people when really they're not. It's not common to see an African American or Latino as an actual person in essay examle, Disney as they. Disney Channel , Jeffrey Katzenberg , Michael Eisner 1948 Words | 5 Pages. Walt Disney World 3 Main Points points: 1. World Famous Theme Parks 2. Over 22 Beautiful Resort Hotels on . Disney Property 3. Delicious Dining experience for all guest to enjoy (INTRODUCTION) Have you ever been to Manhattan New, York, or heard about essay how large it is? Well, imagine two manhattan’s, and you still don’t compare in size of the Walt Disney World Resort.

    Located in Central Florida, the Walt Disney World resort encompasses 47 square miles, 28,000 acres, and essay examle, is located in. Disney's Hollywood Studios , Disneyland Park , Epcot 1430 Words | 4 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in 1580 when Michel de . Montaigne has published the book “Les Essais”. In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”. It was a book written because of ode on a grecian boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and consisted of individual chapters, formally unrelated to each other. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in form of essay initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides.

    Essay , Essays , Exposition 1691 Words | 5 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. Essay! We impact others by our own actions every day. Sometimes . we impact them without even realizing it. And people will impact our lives and our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on essay, something. Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more. These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages.

    Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the smell of hairspray, baby powder, and a fruity perfume. There are too many . girls in ode on essays, here, all struggling and examle, fighting for essay a space near the mirror that covers the entire back wall. It’s dim in here, but it’s a good kind of dim, almost calming. The only light is examle coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the top of the mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents don’t impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages. not know anything about descriptive essays you should certainly look for descriptive . essay examples, which you can find online, as well as at Professays.com. Why should you look for such examples? Those students with little writing experience can be somewhat puzzled by a descriptive essay . Thus, an essay example will offer much valuable information, regarding both essay form and essay, contents. The first thing you can learn is descriptive essay topics. Then you can pay attention to essay structure and essay examle, outline.

    Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 743 Words | 3 Pages. ?How to Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The first issue at between essay eyes photography politics, . hand is to examle make sure you know what type of paper you are writing. The descriptive essay is often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Discuss the assignment with your professor or teacher before you begin. Even though your descriptive essay is more personal than a standard five-paragraph or compare-contrast essay , there is still quite a bit of descriptive essay homework to be done.

    Here is essay examle a list of important rules. Emotion , Essay , Essays 1406 Words | 5 Pages. ?Icesus Holland Brenda White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is one of the most beautiful . Descriptive Of A! places in the world . Before visiting, I had only examle been to proffesion the four states, which is the stringy grassy fields, the essay forest of politics trees, the smelly white and black cows and pink curly tailed pigs. See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and examle, Arkansas. I love the the pillowman essay picture in essay, my head but it was nice to finally see something different. When my boyfriend. 1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive essay example If you are having problems with writing of of names a descriptive essay you . should certainly look for a descriptive essay example (or even maybe several examples). Essay! Descriptive essays have their distinctive features and compulsory elements.

    A writer has to develop chosen topic in essay eyes politics, such a way, so that reader have no further questions on the issue. What are these issues? These may be people, events, facts etc. Descriptive essay examples will certainly help aspiring writers compose. Emotion , Essay , Essays 738 Words | 3 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive . essay focuses on a person, place, memory, experience or an object. First, the exact thing that is to be described must be identified.

    REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for essay examle writing this kind of essay . That reason will help the writer focus his description and imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. Meaning Of Names! FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing. Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to essay examle work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of the pillowman essay your story. Examle! A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of meaning of names essay smell, hearing, see, touch, and essay, taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that.

    Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. ?FINAL DRAFT OF DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ‘NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE WRITING’ READER 2013 Name : HAPSARI C. . HANANDYA (Nanna) Student Numb. : 112012133 SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY “Tlatar” The Beautiful Sketch of eyes politics God Painting Wandering the examle beautiful place always make me feel enchanted. There are many beautiful place that God has given for us to meaning of names be used and developed as best as possible. I remember one interesting place and always makes me want to visit it for the umpteenth time. Boyolali Regency , Central Java , Existential quantification 905 Words | 3 Pages. dashing out to examle rescue someone from being hit by descriptive essay, a car. Examle! * The beauty of a leaf falling against a sky lit up by a rainbow after a sun shower. . Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical! * The cry of a baby wanting her mother to come and essay, pick her up. Ode On A Grecian Urn Critical! * * 2 Think about objects located in relation to essay examle where you were. Things to consider include: * Did your surroundings remind you of any other place in time? * What was the texture of things around you when you touched them? * What feelings. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages. English Description Essay In this essay I will describe something in my home; I have chosen to proffesion for women describe a Cheez-It box. . Many people own Cheez-It snacks in examle, their homes. The color of the meaning of names Cheez-It box is essay examle red, white, orange, yellow, and black. The front of the box has a big label reading Cheez-It.

    Above the essay label it shows the essay examle company’s name which is Sunshine. It has a picture of a little fat chef on hughes, the left of the company sunshine’s name. Examle! Directly underneath the the pillowman essay Cheez-It label it declares. Cheddar cheese , Cheese , Cheez-It 961 Words | 3 Pages. global Human Resource and business strategies (Thomas, D.C 2008). Euro Disney case will be taken as an example. Essay! This essay will . be discussing about the the pillowman business difficulties in essay, their internationalization process due to cross-cultural differences. Hofstede’s five dimension model will be used to ode on a grecian analyse and discuss about the mistakes made by Euro Disney followed by the solutions. Essay Examle! The Beginning On 12th April 1992, the the pillowman essay Walt Disney Company’s fourth theme park, Euro Disneyland opened its doors to the. Disneyland Paris , Disneyland Resort , Euro Disney S.C.A.

    2589 Words | 7 Pages. ? English 9A, Unit 2 Descriptive Portfolio Your second portfolio will be a descriptive essay . about your favorite location. You will not be focused on building characters or telling a story in this paper - Your paper will purely describe. Remember that your descriptions should use imagery and sensory details, meaning that it should appeal to the five senses. While reading your paper, I should be able to picture your location. Essay! Your favorite room of your house Your favorite location. Essay , Object-oriented programming , Sense 858 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay : Connor Donnelly 090-177 Essay #2 People are always talking about being in . those situations where time slows down to the point where a few seconds feels like a few minutes, well I didn’t exactly think that is what actually happened. Until a dreary, calm, dull spring afternoon in Briargate (located in Northern Colorado Springs), about on the imagery hughes a week after my fourteenth birthday, I decided that I was going to go down to this plentifully lush creek next to a well travelled bridge.

    While. Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . Essay Examle! would pick up our Dyno bikes and ride four blocks down to Tony’s pizzeria. If I had to think about it, Tony’s pizzeria is was and still is to a grecian essays this day an important part of essay my life. Since I have moved to Brentwood, Tony’s pizza was the one and essay of ted hughes, only place I would order pizza from. There wasn’t any other pizzeria that could top Tony’s.

    I remember the first day going to. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 885 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay About Maharajah's Feast. consider eating something like this. The man across the table grabs a squirming eel in each hand and sucks them down like wet spaghetti. Dr.

    Jones . and Captain Blumburrtt are sitting next to each other and essay examle, casually speaking to the Prime Minister about the complaints from the villagers. Descriptive Ring! The discussion starts calm but escalates, as the Prime Minister seems uncomfortable with Dr. Essay Examle! Jones' comments. The Prime Minister reassures Dr. Jones that these are just village stories and fear and folklore. He doesn't. Anxiety , Cabinet , Domestic worker 796 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is more superior to between essay photography another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative.

    I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences between the two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. | Descriptive Essay | Rough draft | | Gatewood, Jasmine | 10/12/2012 | Myself: Person Hello kitty . Essay! collection thing Homemade spaghetti food Downtown Dallas place Jasmine Gatewood English 0331.2 Ms. Essay On The Hughes! Fischel 10/12/12 Description Essay Downtown Dallas home of the essay examle dart and the pillowman essay, the drug dealers on every corner, my friends and essay examle, I used to visit regularly to have a nice chipotle dinner. When you are hear you cannot help but, visit the many food places, and between essay, cultural. Dallas , Dallas Area Rapid Transit , Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex 1433 Words | 4 Pages. ENC1101 Date: 9/17/2012 Assignment: Essay #2 - Descriptive Relaxation Destination Everybody has that one place. A . place that they run to examle in times of of names essay joy, stress, and sorrow. For some people it's a social setting, but for others, and myself included, it's a place to get away from others. A place where I can unwind, relax and essay examle, have time to myself, even though at a grecian urn critical, times some friends or family would tag along.

    The place I'm talking about is my cottage back in Canada. Three hours north of. Dock , Dune buggy , Hiking 840 Words | 3 Pages. Advertisement Essay- Disney Them Parks. subconscious thoughts of the essay audience for extended periods of the pillowman time.

    The Disney commercial, “Too Excited To Sleep” depicts two children that are . supposed to be in bed but instead are whispering about examle their expectations of the trip to Disney World they are soon to take. The mother comes in and tells them to go to sleep, to imagery hughes which one of the children responds, “We’re too excited to sleep!” The commercial continues on examle, to scenes of Disney World’s attractions and is concluded by the mother of the children asking. ABC Family , Amusement park , Britney Spears 889 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essay imagery of ted hughes essays : Exposition - gives information about . Essay Examle! various topics to the reader. Descriptive Of A Ring! Description - describes in detail characteristics and essay, traits. Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the the pillowman essay truth or falsity of examle a topic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from one person’s viewpoint. Ode On! A narrative essay uses all the story elements - a beginning and essay examle, ending, plot, characters, setting and climax - all coming together to on the complete the. A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages. Ivory Koehn 9/10/2010 Descriptive Essay Under The Raised Hand Prologue When I was a young girl learning . about examle life and between essay eyes photography politics, love, I always thought that some man would sweep me off my feet and it was my fate to examle be with him and only him. My mother was not a big fan of love and fate.

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    Has it got closer to the day before we would be leaving the excitement been building in all of examle us. Four days before we were going to leave I got the dreaded stomach flu. All I could think about was I had. Beach Cruiser , Debut albums , English-language films 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of my hair as I tried to essay comfort . myself for just a single moment. I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and essay, made my head throb.

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    The main idea should center on how well the place works relative to essay of ted hughes its intended function. The description must be. Essay , Essays , Garden 731 Words | 3 Pages. ? NIGERIA The purpose of essay this essay is to ode on a grecian describe Nigeria. Examle! Officially it is a federal constitutional republic, located in West . Of A Ring! Africa and shares land borders with the essay Republic of Benin in essay on the hughes, the west, Chad and Cameroon in essay examle, the east, and Niger in the north. The Pillowman Essay! Its coast in the south lies on essay, the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. Its three largest and proffesion for women, most influential ethnic groups are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. Africa , Benin , Niger 1819 Words | 8 Pages. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of examle essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions.

    What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for descriptive of a ring you to identify exactly what you want to essay describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of. Essay , Odor , Sun 988 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive paper Mercedez 1 How It Feels To Be in a Live Poker Tournament About five years ago I used to date this guy, . whose mother loved to go to the casino. When I first heard about her going, I just couldn’t understand why she would get so excited about going there. Proffesion For Women! She would come home and essay, say how she had the proffesion for women best time and how she got so lucky. She claimed that her son would give her luck and examle, other small things that she would do, to claim she received luck that night.

    I would just look. Card game , Game , Luck 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: Disney Video Case Disney Imagineering . Disney Imagineering Mickey Mouse is known and recognized across the globe and is connected to the Disney label that is looked upon ode on highly on essay examle, an international scale. Disney has chose licensing as a mean of international expansion because by doing this it will allow them more profitable ways to meaning of names expand their business as well as creating larger profits. Licensing also. Export , International economics , International trade 710 Words | 3 Pages. ? Walt Disney World Case Study Executive Summary The Walt Disney World . Resort is a family themed amusement park located in essay, Orlando, Florida on approximately 25,000 acres of land.

    Opening in proffesion for women, 1971, the resort now is visited by examle, an approximate amount of 17 million tourists each year. Currently, Robert A. Iger, presides over urn critical essays the resort as the CEO. With 62,000 employers, Walt Disney World is a the largest single site employer in essay, the United States, running a variety of different. Disney's Animal Kingdom , Epcot , Florida 892 Words | 4 Pages. ?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is one . of my family’s favorite things to do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, there are many places to go and the pillowman essay, sights to see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and.

    1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. English 152 Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ‘Bout My Best Friend Saige Mackenzie Polk, a . five foot girl with ten feet of essay attitude and sass. The girl that everyone knows and watches in awe as she struts down the hallways. She’s the the pillowman essay girl that succeeds with flying colors at everything she attempts, and never has a thought of essay examle giving up until she feels it is ode on a grecian good enough for examle not only herself, but every other person around. Everything about essay eyes photography politics Saige is spectacular from essay examle her. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , Friendship 976 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Examples Four types of essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and argument.

    Each type has a unique . purpose: some tell a story, some are descriptive and others prevent viewpoints. One of the proffesion best ways to better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of Essays Narrative Narration is telling a story from a certain viewpoint, and there is usually a reason for the telling. All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and essay, most importantly. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. Descriptive essay Shyla Hassett Everyone has a place where they go to a grecian urn critical essays escape all the pressures and worries of life? . ? . There is always that one spot that can soothe all your problems and troubles in times of stress. For some? ,? the woods? ,? the examle beach? ,? or the park is the essay of a ring place to go? . ? For me? ,? it’s simpler. I go to essay examle my bedroom to cure all my problems? . As I walk in the pillowman essay, I can feel the soft? ,? smooth carpet beneath my feet. I see freshly painted lavender walls with white trimming?. 2004 albums , Color , Debut albums 323 Words | 2 Pages. Respond paper to “ Construction of the Female Self: Feminist Readings of the Disney Heroine” Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, The Little . Essay! Mermaid, Beauty and The Beast, and Pocahontas are five Disney stories in which the female self is essay embedded.

    The feminist standpoint theory discus the idea of the “perfect girl” and essay, its consequences on the female’s power, relationships, selfhood, and voice. The paper we have in hand discusses the dilemma that the females face between the “perfect girl” ideology and. Disney Princess , Female , Gender 1003 Words | 2 Pages. My first Car Enc1101 March 11, 2012 Descriptive essay My first car was my first most prized possession. The Pillowman! I’d named her, . tested her out on essay, interstates, and took good care of her like she was one of my children.

    She had mirror tinted windows and was deep ocean blue that gleamed in the summer sun, she was flawless. I will never forget my first out of town drive to Tallahassee- smoothest, fastest ride ever! Had it not been for the scenery I would’ve felt like I was driving in urn critical, a race. I remember. Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. The Walt Disney Company and Assumptions. ???????????????? ???? ??????? ???? Case Study 2 ( Disney ) - Scribd www.scribd.com/doc/43082160/Case-Study-2-Disney? ?????? 7565 Assignment . Examle! – II 1. What assumptions did Disney make about the tastes and preferences of French consumers? Which of these assumptions were correct? What Assumptions Did Disney Free Essays 1 - 20 - StudyMode.com www.studymode.com/. Essay! /what-assumptions-did- disney -pag. ? ?????? ?? 20 ? - Free Essays on What Assumptions Did Disney for students. planning process and premises. American Broadcasting Company , Disneyland Paris , Disneyland Resort 432 Words | 3 Pages.

    ? Descriptive narrative Assignment September 25, 2013 A Terrible Event No one could ever imagine that such an incident could . happen. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in essay, West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to go out, as we were welcoming the New Year. Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and ode on urn critical essays, we were together almost all the essay time. Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and had a long beard. Politics! New Year’s Eve was always fun. ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anh Phan ENG 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the inspiration of my life I still remember every picture . and actions of my grandmother, a woman who loves me and sacrifices for me and essay examle, my father most. Essay Photography Politics! My father grew up in the north of Vietnam, and essay, my mom and my family in the south of Vietnam. The Pillowman! For the examle disadvantages of the pillowman long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and examle, grandfather regularly.

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    Homework, How Much Should Parents Do. The bane of my existence is homework. The sheer volume of the homework assigned, the amount of “help” that many parents give their children, to the discomfort I feel in allowing my children to do their homework themselves, all these things stress me out to no end. The last one I finally let go when I realized I was not doing my children any favors by doing their work for them, even though deep down I feel as though I am judged when my children hand in less than perfect homework assignments. The phone rings. Examle! It is the mother of one of my son’s classmates. Have ya’ll figured out between photography, math problems 3 and essay examle, 5 yet? Uh, I don’t know if my son has done finished yet.

    Well, we can’t figure out what to do. Essay Of A Ring! My husband and examle, I disagree on a grecian how to solve the problem. I was hoping you would know. And herein lies much of the problem that I see with homework. Essay Examle! The parents are doing it, not the proffesion, kids. Recently my 4th grade son had an extensive homework project that was supposed to essay examle, be worked on over the period of a couple weeks. Ode On A Grecian! For a variety of reasons the project was way too difficult for essay a child that age to complete on their own. All of the parents I spoke with were essentially doing the project for their child.

    When the assignment was done and turned in essay imagery of ted I was the only parent who spoke up and admitted that had I not helped the project would not, could not, have been done. I am not sure why none of the essay examle, other parents were willing to admit this. Maybe they were afraid that it was only their child unable to a grecian, do the work? I don’t know. It seems so much more intense than I remember from when I was a kid. My parents never helped me with homework or projects. School was always my job. Now with my own children I notice that parental involvement is essay, all but required. And the line between helping and meaning, doing is blurred, at least for some parents.

    For my own sanity, and the well being of my children, I refuse to outright do their homework, projects, or assignments. I am forever saying that I have already done 4th, 6th, 7th, fill-in the blank grade and I don’t need to do it again. I consider myself more of a homework facilitator. These are my rules. I will provide an examle environment conducive to doing homework. For us this means no tv on school days, with the rare exception, and essay, a hearty snack after school before the essay examle, witching homework hour. I will provide all the materials that they need to proffesion for women, complete a project. This means I have scissors, glue sticks, markers, colored paper and poster board on hand.

    I will be a sounding board for essay ideas, mostly this applies to my oldest kids who are in high school and writing essays and papers. I will be as knowledgeable as I can about the subjects they are learning. When my older kids read novels, if they aren’t ones I have already read, I will read them also. This way I can discuss the of ted hughes, books with them. If they are genuinely stumped on a problem or concept I will help them look it up in their textbook. I will let them fail, so that they might succeed in the long run. The last one is the most difficult for essay examle me. I suspect it is also the most difficult for all parents which is why they get sucked in to doing their child’s homework. None of us likes to see our children do poorly at anything. My eldest son had a huge multi-disciplinary project due this week. He had known about this project for at essay of a, least a month and yet chose to wait until the night before it was due to begin working on it.

    At 7pm that night he had asked me if I would help him. I don’t know, just help me. Well, once you write your essays I will be more than happy to read them over. But I’m not staying up all night. And I am not helping you write anything. It would have been easy to do the work for him, to write the essays, or to spoon feed him the answers.

    I wanted to help him. I wanted him to get a good grade. Examle! I also want him to be capable, independent, and confident in his own abilities. In the end I went to bed and left him sitting at the kitchen table working. I was confident that it would be a good learning experience. It would teach him why he shouldn’t procrastinate. At 4am I went into the kitchen to get a drink and there sat my son, still working on his project. Essay! He did not go to examle, bed for another hour. That morning as he left for school, tired and complaining, I asked him what he thought he could learn from this experience. I fully expected him to answer that he would begin working on the pillowman his projects as soon as they were assigned and not put it off until the examle, last possible minute.

    Next time I will start as soon as I get home from school… or maybe even the day before that. Chris Jordan began blogging at Notes From the Trenches in 2004 where she writes about her life raising her children in essay imagery of ted Austin, Texas. Chris Jordan began blogging at Notes From the Trenches in 2004 where she writes about her life raising her children in Austin, Texas. Oh, she has seven of them. Yes, children.

    Yes, they are all hers. No she’s not Catholic or Mormon. Essay Examle! Though she wouldn’t mind having a sister-wife because holy hell the laundry never stops. Yes, she finally figured out what causes it. That’s why her youngest is almost 6. Yes, she has a television. She enjoys referring to herself in between essay eyes photography politics the third person. If you would like to submit a question for Chris to answer publicly, please do so to essay examle, adviceforparentsoftweens[at]gmail[dot]com. Sign up for the web’s most entertaining (while informative) weekly newsletter on your pregnancy! Before I was a mom, I taught 9th grade for many years.

    When this question came up, I always said that if the parent picked up a pencil to “help”, that was crossing the essay imagery, line. Essay Examle! In the e-era, I’d say that if a parent is adding any content to a document, that’s crossing the line. I edit, and I help study for tests and quizzes. Between Eyes Photography Politics! Sometimes my older daughter can get herself worked into a lather over how much she “can’t do!” the essay examle, homework, and in those (increasingly rare) instances, I will help her break down a problem/project into its component parts so she can breathe again. I was going to say I have *never* done a project for them, but it’s not true. When my older daughter was in 6th grade, she had an electricity project, where she made a game with a complex buzzer/light mechanism. My father helped her in proffesion the beginning stages, leaving her with an almost-unworkable framework. She fought and examle, fought until it worked, but then, just as she was going to bed, it STOPPED working. My husband and I were up until 1 a.m. fixing it for her. The Pillowman! But it was definitely the exception to essay, the very strict rule. You are so right on with this!

    “It seems so much more intense than I remember from when I was a kid. My parents never helped me with homework or projects. School was always my job. Now with my own children I notice that parental involvement is all but required. And the line between helping and meaning of names essay, doing is examle, blurred, at least for some parents.”- YES.

    I have 3 kids- 2 girls and a boy. The girls excel in school and I rarely if ever help them. The boy, well he struggles in of names essay school ( 3rd grade) and its a whole different ball game. I am struggling with this very topic myself. I went to a french immersion elementary school, and none of my relatives spoke french, so they were not so much unwilling as they were unable to help me complete projects.

    I was home schooled through middle school and I was very behind for a very long time simply because I didn’t dedicate myself to doing the work. Still, my parents never did my work for examle me. When I was 17 I went to live in a different country to between photography, train for a sport and I did correspondence. Nobody could help me, but my parents, over essay examle the phone, explained things in different ways, with different examples from the problems I needed to do, so that at of a ring, the end of the day it was always my work. Learning that other people doing my schoolwork for me doesn’t teach my anything was one of the most important lessons of my life. If my parents had helped me I would have gone to university and been overwhelmed by the amount of essay examle, work with no help. As it turned out, I went to university and while everyone else spent freshman year drowning in schoolwork, I was able to hold down a job and get all of my studies in, and I credit that to my parents leaving it up to me to do it. Now that I am a mother of school aged children, my husband and I have decided to proffesion for women, take a similar approach. It pays off in the end. I so agree with you – way too much parential involvement. Essay! I have 6 kids and of names essay, live in a smallish town.

    The teacher/principals all know that I won’t “do” my kids homework because I already graduated from the very same schools they’re attending – and I show them my diploma as proof! Kids need to succeed and fail on their own, and while I struggle with the failing part, I also know that is also a success for them, just a little different. I teach at the university level. I am constantly amazed by examle, the students who cannot even follow the essay, directions for the simplest assignment. Examle! This is the essay politics, first time that these students have been on their own with schoolwork. They are not prepared for the responsibility. This puts them at a great disadvantage compared to essay, the students who have a sense of responsibility. Descriptive Of A! Parents who do the work for their kids or even help them plan the work are doing them no favors. Alternatively asking elementary aged kids to complete a full day at examle, school and then spend a couple hours on ode on a grecian essays homework is ridiculous. I’m a college student now, and my mother reads over my essays for spelling errors.

    I also have friends do this for me and in turn will do it for my friends. She does things like, goes with me to Goodwill to look at inspiration for my ceramics projects. But she doesn’t draw the sketches for me or sculpt the clay for me. I know some kids in my classes whose parents STILL do their homework. I also know one girl whose mother held her hand all through high school and sat at the table and essay, helped her do all her work. When she got to college, her Mom stopped doing that…. That girl failed out. I second the the pillowman essay, opinion that asking kids to examle, spend all day at school and then several hours on homework is serious overkill. Perhaps if parents start refusing to do their kids homework it will become more apparent that it’s too much. For example, in the case Chris mentions about the essay, 4th grade project. When my daughter starts school I intend to essay examle, push back when I think the photography, volume of homework is excessive.

    I don’t take my work home with me, why should she have to? I won’t do any homework for my girls, but if they want me to quiz them on essay a subject for an up-coming test, I will….IF they have already reviewed the subject. Meaning Essay! If I start asking them questions and it becomes clear that they haven’t even looked over their lesson, I send them back to their room to study it by themselves first. Wow, is this post timely. My second grader has a project to turn in essay examle (in addition to her daily hour of homework), and completely lacks the planning and organizational skills to do it alone. Of Names! This has taken approximately 20 hours of essay, work over the last couple of weeks. Proffesion For Women! Completely inappropriate for her age, I think. It’s also frustrating when you don’t know what level of work the essay examle, teacher expects. For my 10th grader I’ll help by editing or give an occasional hint (Masters in English) on where to look in imagery said reading /writing project. But I have rules – there MUST be a typewritten rough draft and prewriting essentials – like an outline and note cards – before I will edit and I will not edit the day off. I need it two days out.

    I will mark grammar mistakes and essay, offer advice on sentence wording (He’s AP/Pre AP and NONe of this is done at his school) and give ideas where to add what. For the younget two I’ll try to answer what questions I can only after there has been an between photography politics attempt. With my middle son he had a project due on kites. we offered to help him with construction but he insisted on figuring out examle, himself. Meaning! When I took him to school I saw many kites that were amazing. Essay Examle! He came home from school saying he got a 98 – the highest in his class – because his looked like he did it himself. A lesson for both of us. What gets me is how many assignments they are given and how unclear the essay of ted hughes, directions are. As a former high school English teacher, I spent a lot of essay examle, time discussing “homework management” with parents. If you know your child is having issues staying organized and completing homework, maybe you need to work with your child at of names, home to learn how to keep a weekly calendar.

    Maybe you need to check your child’s homework every night for completion. Maybe you need to quiz him/her the essay examle, night before a vocabulary test. But you don’t need to on the hughes, write the essay, answer the questions that go along with the book, etc. Essay Examle! I had a couple of instances of very upset parents when an essay didn’t receive an A, and I suspected the hurt feelings were because the the pillowman, PARENT didn’t get an A on the essay they wrote for the child. Examle! It is a tough line to walk for parents, I know.

    And it is also a tough line for essay teachers to essay, walk in how to grade assignments that were so clearly not done by the pillowman, the student alone. I’d much rather receive a phone call from a parent to discuss why a child is essay, incapable of completing the assignment than to urn critical, receive an assignment completed by the parent. A friend of essay, my son’s (in high school) has always refused to do his homework, with no consequences from the school or parents. His mother mentioned to me one day that she had to do a big project for proffesion for women her son that weekend since he hadn’t gotten it done. Essay! I asked why the imagery of ted hughes, heck she was doing her high school student’s homework. Her response: You don’t understand! If I don’t do it for him, he’ll fail! Side note from a teacher: when it’s more than obvious that you’ve done your kids work, guess what, I don’t grade it.

    I drop it from the grade book and pretend it doesn’t exist. That doesn’t help your kid either. FYI, I know what your child’s handwriting looks like! When a parent does their children’s homework, they are essentially CHEATING! My son recently wrote his own college applications. Examle! They were not perfect. Ode On! I was surprised to examle, find out essay of ted hughes, later that a neighbor “basically wrote” her daughter’s essays and didn’t think twice about it. Examle! In this case, the parent-written essays literally might take opportunities away from essay of a ring, my son because the mom did the essay examle, work – not the daughter. Parents doing their children’s work is essay on the hughes, a form of deception. It is a form of plagiarism. Basically your children takes the credit for the parent’s work (it doesn’t matter that they give permission for them to essay examle, do so – it is still plagiarism).

    Please. Others can do what they want but I will always pitch in and help my child. And if that includes writing his essay or telling him the answers to essay, math problems, that is fine with me. Because I have priorities. My priority is that my child and I don’t fight over homework to essay, the detriment of descriptive essay of a ring, our relationahip. My priority is that my child NOT spend 4 hours every evening doing schoolwork and that he is essay, able to ode on a grecian essays, enjoy his weekends after he has worked hard all week and not spend them doing yet ANOTHER book report. Do I think this is an ideal arrangement? No. But in the face of being overwhelmed with the amount of homework, I am not going to let a teacher or school determine the way my child lives his life and I am not going to let them ruin his GPA. So what choice do i have? Maybe if teachers want children to do their own work they should assign an amount of examle, work that the child CAN do on a grecian their own.

    When my son was in examle FIRST GRADE he had assignments that involved purchasing tri-fold boards and typing up text to past on there. I had him do the proffesion, pasting and essay, I did the rest. He is now in essay photography politics high school. He learns (because I don’t go to school with him and I don’t do ALL his homework) but he also has time to read for pleasure, play sports, play piano and get to bed at a reasonable hour. So all of you can of course continue to force your child to put in essay examle hours of work and battle with them to meaning of names essay, the death and essay, “teach them a lesson” (I love this because we were all taught that same “lesson” and essay, yet still handed in college papers late didnt we. ), I will be my son’s support. And when they assign the recommended 10 minutes per grade of homework then I will stop helping. Till then, he will have my help. Okay. It is extremely obvious that one of my students’ parents is writing his essays. But I feel like I can’t do anything about examle, it.

    I keep telling him that it’s not “his voice.” Trust me, when he errors a sentences it’s completely basic and then he tens in descriptive essay ring brilliantly expressed papers. He doesn’t deserve an “A.” I have kids struggling, working their tail off to pass. Their efforts far exceed this one kid. And parents, you’re not fooling anyone! Stop doing your kids homework, otherwise they’re not really learning anything!

    What’s the point of all this if they grow up stupid? It’s going to essay, catch up with them sooner or later. The parents are doing it, not the proffesion, kids. True story! some of cmy kid’s classmates’s parents do moework for their kids to make them look more smart in eyes of teachers and other kids. I dont know whats wrong with these people. What motivates teachers to examle, assign homework their students can’t do in descriptive essay the time allowed. It puts undue pressure on essay students and parents, turning education into a competition.

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